Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Affordable and clean energy

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

The deals with electric power generation stability and control in the energy transition, including: dynamic behavior of synchronous machines, excitation systems and voltage control, dynamic modelling and representation of renewable energy resources, impact of renewable energy sources on power system dynamics, connection of power stations to transmission and distribution networks.

Course contents

  1. Introduction to the stability and control of the electric power system in the energy transition

  2. Dynamic model of generators.

  3.  Excitation system and voltage control.

  4.  Dynamic modelling of power plants and renewable energy resources
    4.1 Dynamic behavior of a hydroelectric power plant and speed control. Propagation of waves in penstocks. Pump-storage hydro systems. 4.2 Dynamic model of thermoelectric power stations. 4.3 Dynamic behavior of wind farms. Generators of the different types of wind turbines. Control system. 4.4 Model of photovoltaic solar plant.

  5. Impact of renewable energy sources on power system dynamics.

  6.  Connection of power stations to the transmission and distribution grids. Distributed generation.



Lecture notes in Italian are available at the web site https://virtuale.unibo.it/.

Teaching methods

Traditional lecture.

Assessment methods

The exam consists of a closed-book test in eol.unibo.it. The test aims at assessing the student knowledge and operational ability in relation to the key concepts illustrated during the course.

The achievement by the student of a complete knowledge of the course content and of its application to the solution of engineering problems are assessed with marks of excellence. The mnemonic knowledge of the matter, with limited synthesis and analysis capabilities, and difficulties in the application to case studies lead to discrete evaluations. Learning gaps and inability to apply the knowledge to case studies justify negative assessments or low marks. 

Teaching tools



Office hours

See the website of Alberto Borghetti