75702 - Geography of Sustainable Tourism

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Sustainable cities Responsible consumption and production Climate Action Partnerships for the goals

Academic Year 2020/2021

Learning outcomes

The course aim is to introduce students to the definition and characteristics of the tourism phenomenon, to explain the role of tourism in shaping urban and rural development at the regional, national and international scale. Core of the course is the concept of sustainability and its application to tourism attitudes and practices. At the end of the course the student should be able to interpret the evolution and organization of tourism in space, understanding the policies and strategies for enhancing sustainability in tourism products

Course contents

Module 1

Tourism, development and sustainability

  • Development as a concept
  • Tourism: definitions (motivations, tiplogies, consumption, flows, markets)
  • Tourism and sustainability (international charts. local practices)

Tourism, geography and local development

  • Tourism and territorial impacts (elements and indicators)
  • Tourism and territorial impacts (when tourism is a driver for development)

Tourism modeling 

  • Static models
  • Dynamic models
  • Evolutional models


Module 2

Current issues in tourism geography

  • Images and stereotypes: guides, tourists and travelers
  • The tourist gaze and authenticity in tourism
  • Identity and performances in tourism
  • Dynamics in tourism geography: development and underdevelopment; urban and rural; mass tourism and ecotourism
  • Critical tourism geography and sustainability
  • Tourism, sustainability and the environment: climate change and big infrastructures
  • Tourism, ethics, social sustainability: dark tourism, disaster tourism, war tourism;
  • Tourism and social sustainability: from overtourism to no tourism in the COVID and post covid era
  • Emotions and atmospheres in tourism geography
  • Tourism and gender, literary tourism and film induced tourism
  • Case studies: Japan after Fukushima, Venice and cruise tourism, the Salar di Uyuni in Bolivia


Definitive list of Readings will be communicated late August due to last minute adaptation to post-covid teaching procedures



Module 1

Lorenzo Bagnoli, Manuale di geografia del turismo. Dal Grand Tour al Piano strategico, Torino, UTET, 2018. Fourth edition. Paragraphs 1.3, 1.4, 2.2, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4 and chapter 4.

Filippo Bencardino, Maria Prezioso, “Geografia del turismo", Milano, Mc Graw-Hill, 2007. Esclusivamente i capitoli 2 e 4.

A. Vallega, La regione sistema territoriale sostenibile, Milano, Mursia, 1995. Chapter 4

J-M. Dewailly, E. Flament, Geografia del turismo, Bologna, CLUEB, 1996. Paragraph. 1.1 and Chapter 7

Module 2

Bagnoli, L., Manuale di geografia del turismo. Dal Grand Tour al Piano strategico, Torino, UTET, 2018. Quarta edizione. Capitoli 5 e 6.

Borghi B., Celata F., Turismo critico. Immaginari geografici, performance e paradossi sulle rotte del turismo alternativo, Unicopli, Milano, 2009. Capitolo introduttivo, e i capitoli 2, 3, 4 e 7.

Gavinelli D., Zanolin G., Geografia del turismo contemporaneo: pratiche, narrazione e luoghi. Carocci Editore, 2019. Capitoli 4, 5, 7 e 8.

Teaching methods

Lectures 80%

Exercises 20%

Assessment methods

Definitive assessment methods will be communicated late August due to last minute adaptation to post-covid  procedures


The evaluation consists in a compulsory written exam lasting 60 minutes and organized in three open questions. To pass the exam, the student should demonstrate on one side to have reached the learning outcomes and on the other to be able to use the concepts learnd during the course, applying them to the analysis of the relationships between tourism and local territorial systems. Out of topic answers will not be evaluated. To pass the exam the student has to answer to all the questions. During the exam, the students are allowed to have on them only stationary and an identity card or document. Paper will be distributed by the teacher. The questions will be simultaneously given at the beginning of the exam (if necessary through a PPT). In the first five minutes students not feeling able to give proper answers to the questions are allowed to leave the exam. Each answer will be evaluated in 30 points, the final mark consist in the average of the three evaluation (0,5 point will be round up to the next point). Registration for the exam is compulsory, and students have to register through AlmaEsami [https://almaesami.unibo.it/almaesami/welcome.htm] according to the general rules of the School.

Teaching tools

Several seminars, also held in english will complete the teaching module

Office hours

See the website of Alessia Mariotti

See the website of Annaclaudia Martini