04402 - History of Contemporary Philosophy

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2020/2021

Course contents

Kant in Marburg

The discussion between Heidegger and neo-kantian philosophers on the Critique of pure reason (1871-1929)


The course focuses on the interpretation of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason in German philosophy between XIX and XX centuries, analysing the neo-kantian perspectives (Hermann Cohen, Paul Natorp and Ernst Cassirer) and the Heidegger's reading of Kant.

Particular attention will be paid to the relationship between Heidegger and the Marburg school, with regard to the historical, cultural and philosophical context. 


Starting date: 21th September 2020


Monday 17:00 - 19:00, classroom I (via Zamboni 38)

Tuesday 17:00–19:00, classroom I (via Zamboni 38)

Wedsesday 17:00–19:00, classroom I (via Zamboni 38)


In the first week (21.-23. september 2020) lectures will be held online




1. Primary reading:

  • Selected Parts  of these Texts *:

1.1 Immanuel Kant, Critica della ragion pura, UTET, Torino 1967 segg. (or Laterza 1969 segg., Bompiani 2004)

1.2 Hermann Cohen, La teoria kantiana dell'esperienza, Franco Angeli, Milano 1990

1.3 Paul Natorp, Tra Kant e Husserl. Scritti 1887-1914, Le Lettere, Firenze 2011

1.4.1 Ernst Cassirer, Filosofia delle forme simboliche. Vol. I: Il linguaggio. Introduzione e posizione del problema, La Nuova Italia, Firenze 1961

1.4.2 Ernst Cassirer, Vita e dottrina di Kant, La Nuova Italia, Firenze 1977

1.5 Martin Heidegger, Kant e il problema della metafisica, Laterza, Roma-Bari 1981 segg.

1.6 Ernst Cassirer - Martin Heidegger, Disputa sull'eredità kantiana. Due documenti (1928 e 1931), Unicopli, Milano 1990


  * See Teaching Resources


2. Critical Readings (4 Texts of your choice):


2.1 One Text of your choice:

Augusto Guerra, Introduzione a Kant, Laterza, Roma-Bari 2010

Otfried Höffe, Immanuel Kant, il Mulino, Bologna 2010

Eric Weil, Problemi kantiani, QuattroVenti, Urbino 1980

Silvestro Marcucci, Guida alla lettura della "Critica della ragion pura" di Kant, Laterza, Roma 1997 segg.

Marco Ravera, Gianluca Garelli, Lettura della "Critica della ragion pura" di Kant, UTET, Torino 1997

Georg Mohr, Marcus Willaschek (a cura di), Immaneul Kant: Kritik der Reinen Vernunft, Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1998

2.2 Two Texts of your choice: 

Thomas E. Willey, Back to Kant. The revival of kantianism in German social and historical thought 1860-1914, Wayne State University Press, Detroit 1978

Hans-Ludwig Ollig, Der Neokantianismus, Metzler, Stuttgart 1979

Gianna Gigliotti, Il neocriticismo tedesco, Loescher, Torino 1983

Massimo Ferrari, Introduzione a il neocriticismo, Laterza, Roma-Bari 1997

Alexis Philonenko, L'école de Marbourg. Cohen-Natorp-Cassirer, Vrin, Paris 1989

Gianna Gigliotti, Avventure e disavventure del trascendentale. Saggio su Cohen e Natorp, Guida 1989

Massimo Ferrari, Il giovane Cassirer e la scuola di Marburgo, Milano, Franco Angeli 1988

Iso Kern, Husserl und Kant. Eine Untersuchung über Husserls Verhältnis zu Kant und Neukantianismus, Nijhoff, Den Haag 1965

Vittorio De Palma, Il soggetto e l'esperienza. La critica di Husserl a Kant e il problema fenomenologico del trascendentale, Quodlibet, Macerata 2001

Stefano Besoli, Massimo Ferrari, Luca Guidetti (a cura di), Neokantismo e fenomenologia, Quodlibet, Macerata 2002


2.3 One Text of your choice:

Jules Vuillemin, L'héritage kantien et la révolution copernicienne. Fichte, Cohen, Heidegger, PUF, Paris 1954

Rosa Padellaro, Heidegger e il problema kantiano, Loescher, Torino 1960

Ingeborg Koza, Das Problem des Grundes in Heideggers Auseinandersetzung mit Kant, Henn, Ratingen bei Düsseldorf 1967

Henri Dècleve, Heidegger et Kant, Nijhoff, Den Haag 1970

Charles M. Sherover, Heidegger, Kant, and time, Indiana University Press, Bloomington 1971

Pio Colonnello, Heidegger interprete di Kant, Studio Editoriale di Cultura, Genova 1981

Paolo Vinci, Soggetto e tempo. Heidegger interprete di Kant, Bagatto, Roma 1988


3. Basic skills

The knowledge of fundamental authors and themes regarding the history of philosophy between the 19th and 20th centuries is required for the oral exam.

Students can see one of these handbooks:

Giuseppe Cambiano, Massimo Mori, Storia e antologia della filosofia, Laterza, Roma 1993 segg.

Fabio Cioffi et al., Il testo filosofico, Milano, Mondadori 1992 segg.

Mario Dal Pra, Sommario di storia della filosofia, La Nuova Italia, Firenze 1987


List of themes and authors:

Fichte, Schelling, Hegel; Feuerbach, sinistra hegeliana, Marx; Schopenhauer; Kierkegaard; Comte; Mill; Nietzsche; Dilthey; Bergson; Croce, Gentile, Gramsci; James, Peirce, Dewey; Husserl, Heidegger; Jaspers; Benjamin; Spengler; Jünger; Frege, Russell, Moore, Wittgenstein, il circolo di Vienna; Kuhn, Feyerabend; Lukács e la scuola di Francoforte; Gadamer; Ricœur, Rorty; Sartre, Merleau-Ponty; Althusser, Foucault, Deleuze, Derrida; Habermas, Apel; Arendt, Jonas, Rawls.

The programme is the same both for attending and not attending students.



Teaching methods

Frontal lessons with discussions in class of the most crucial issues


Assessment methods

The final oral exam focuses on the programme’s material and will be held in the Professor’s office: 5.06 - Via Zamboni, 38.

The critical evaluation considers the fundamental notions, the level of the analysis and the critical skills.

On the basis of these three principal parameters an overall evaluation in thirtieths is expressed.



18-21 Low/Sufficient level

22-25 Medium level

26-28 Good/Very good level

29-30 High level

30 L Excellent level

Teaching tools

Traditional lectures with support of Power Point


Office hours

See the website of Gennaro Imbriano