27280 - Seminars (1) (G.D)

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2019/2020

Learning outcomes

At the end of the seminar students will be able to interpret issues related to specific historical phenomena in a diachronic and transversal perspective, thought the elaboration and synthesis of the data coming from the analysis of written records and material sources and from the collective debate originated from the contact with other people. They will be able to formulate autonomously and in an organized way a research path or an intellectual work, using the specific acquired tools with methodological rigour, precision and accuracy.

Course contents

The cultural and political roots of Terrorist Massacres in Italy (1970s-1980s) (30 hours)


The series of seminars is part of the research project “Bologna in the Strategy of Tension”. The seminars will tackle the issue of the political and cultural origins of the Terrorist Massacres that marked the Italian civil life between the end of the Sixties and the Eighties.

The course will address the role played by Radical Right in the theoretical elaboration and in the carrying out of the terrorist attacks, with particular attention to its political culture.

Seminars will be organized according to the following main issues: 1) the long-term dimension of the radical right history; 2) the importance of the international context; 3) the impact of the terrorist massacres on civil society and their repercussions on Italian democracy; 4) the scientific debate on terrorism; 5) the problem of the archives and the methodology for studying terrorism.


Detailed outline:

1. The Culture of Defeat

2. Julius Evola's intellectual and political teachings

3. A New European Order

4. Beyond democracy: the search for a different modernity

5. Anti-Semitism and Conspiracy Theory

6. The political culture of Ordine Nuovo and Avanguardia Nazionale

7. The doctrine of revolutionary war

8. Radical right in the seventies: between camouflage and political cross-contamination

9. Terrorist massacres and military coup

10. The Peteano massacre and the 1974 terrorist attacks

11. The New Political Soldiers

12. Radical Right and the State

13. The attacks of the 1980s

14. The impact of the terrorist massacres on civil society and their repercussions on Italian democracy: the case of Bologna

15. Conclusions: the archivial research and the evolution of the historiographical debate


The bibliography will be completed by the study of essays and documents previously uploaded via internet during each seminar. The student will have to choose one of the texts among those indicated in the mandatory readings and one essay among the further readings.

1. Mandatory readings:

a) Francesco Benigno, Terrore e terrorismo. Saggio storico sulla violenza politica, Einaudi, Torino 2018.

b) Enzo Traverso, A ferro e fuoco. La guerra civile europea 1914-1945, il Mulino, Bologna 2008.

2. Further readings:

Francesco M. Biscione, Il sommerso della Repubblica. La democrazia italiana e la crisi dell’antifascismo, Bollati Boringhieri, Torino 2003, pp. 70-143.

Francesco Cassata, A destra del fascismo. Profilo politico di Julius Evola, Bollati Boringhieri, Torino 2003, pp. 321-354; 393-414.

Franco De Felice, Doppia lealtà e doppio Stato, «Studi Storici», 3, 1989, pp. 493-563.

Mirco Dondi, L’eco del boato. Storia della strategia della tensione, 1965-1974, Laterza, Roma-Bari 2015 (capitoli I, V e VII)

Luca Falciola, La generazione introvabile. Destra radicale e movimento del ’77, in Monica Galfré, Simone Neri Serneri (a cura di), Il movimento del ’77. Radici, snodi, luoghi, Viella, Roma 2018.

Franco Ferraresi, Minacce alla democrazia. La destra radicale e la strategia della tensione in Italia, Feltrinelli, Milano 1995, pp. 283-341.

Maurizio Fiasco, La simbiosi ambigua. Il neofascismo, i movimenti e la strategia delle stragi, in R. Catanzaro (a cura di), Ideologie, movimenti, terrorismi, il Mulino, Bologna 1990, pp. 153-190.

Francesco Germinario, L’altra memoria: l’estrema destra, Salò e la Resistenza, Bollati Boringhieri, Torino 1999.

Francesco Germinario, Tradizione Mito Storia. La cultura politica della destra radicale e i suoi teorici, Carocci, Roma, 2014, 101-142.

Piero Ignazi, Il polo escluso. Profilo storico del Movimento Sociale Italiano, il Mulino, Milano 1989, pp. 101-132.

Furio Jesi, Cultura di destra, nottetempo, Milano 2011 (capitoli I e II).

Guido Panvini, Ordine nero, guerriglia rossa. La violenza politica nell’Italia degli anni Sessanta e Settanta (1966-1975), Einaudi, Torino 2009, pp. 46-106.

Guido Panvini, Cattolici e violenza politica. L’altro album di famiglia del terrorismo italiano, Marsilio, Venezia 2014, pp. 75-138.

Guido Panvini, L’immagine di Aldo Moro nella destra eversiva (1969-1978), in Renato Moro, Daniele Mezzana (a cura di), Studiare Aldo Moro per capire l’Italia, Rubbettino, Soveria Mannelli, 2014, pp. 779-800.

Guido Panvini, L’altro dopoguerra: i neofascisti e la legittimazione della violenza politica nell’Italia repubblicana, in Enrico Acciai, Guido Panvini, Camilla Poesio, Toni Rovatti (a cura di), Violenza politica e sociale nell’Europa del secondo dopoguerra. Bilanci e prospettive di ricerca, Viella, Roma 2017, pp. 153-166.

Wolfang Schivelbusch, La cultura dei vinti, il Mulino, Bologna 2006 (introduzione ed epilogo).

Angelo Ventura (pref. di Carlo Fumian) Per una storia del terrorismo italiano, Donzelli, Roma 2010, pp. 137-174.

Teaching methods

The organization backbone of the course consists of weekly two-hour lectures with extensive student participation. Each week, students also prepare for the lecture by studying the documents, the materials and the reading chapters previously uploaded via internet.

Assessment methods

To achieve 6 credits, the student is expected to pass the following assignments: 1) to follow a number of seminars for a total of 24 hours (12 seminars on 15). The students will take care to collect the teacher's signature for each seminar attended (a specific form is available via internet). 2) A written critical essay on the topics addressed in the seminars. The essay should not exceed a minimum of 20,000 characters (10 pages, footnotes and spaces included) or a maximum of 30,000 characters (15 pages, footnotes and spaces included). In addition to one of the mandatory readings, students can choose a text from the further reading list. Students will also refer to the documents and materials used during the seminars (which will be uploaded via internet). The analytical essay should indicate the name and surname, the course of study, the student ID and the e-mail address. The essay must be submitted within 2 months the conclusion of the seminars. The essay can be delivered in paper format or as a PDF document attached to an email.

The assessment will take into account also the active participation of the students during the seminars.

The teacher will proceed with the correction of the analytical essay and, if he approves the contents, he will sign it at the bottom by adding "Approved" (if presented in paper format), or he will send an email in which he will communicate the evaluation (if presented by e-mail).

To proceed with the registration the student will have to contact prof. Guido Panvini (guido.panvini@unibo.it ) bringing with him the form with the signatures, the approved essay or the copies of the email attesting the evaluation).

Teaching tools

Powerpoint Presentations, PC

Teaching materials such as audiovisual and digital sources, films and documentaries

Office hours

See the website of Guido Panvini