38809 - The Paradigms of Addictions

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2018/2019

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, the student:

· Will know the time evolution - of the different representations of the addicted subject and paradigms of reference;

· Will know the nows the theory of normalization and patterns of consumption of marginal consumers and socially integrated ones;

· Will Know the use of psychoactive substances in the minors people and phenomenology of cannabis, cocaine, and alcohol;

· Will Be able to apply this knowledge in prevention projects.

Course contents

Course contents

Part One - The evolution of the theoretical framework

1 - Introduction to sociological theories of culture, fashion, deviance, stigma, risk, normalization, social integration, illness and disease

2 - Among deviance and labeling: the pleasure principle

3 - The social meaning of drug use and its subculture

4 - The hedonists in the nineties

5 - The theory of normalization

6 - Zimberg and controlled consumption

7 - Consumers marginal and socially integrated users

Part Two - The Italian situation

1 - The evolution of the phenomenon in Italy

2 - Phenomenology of alcohol

3 - Phenomenology of cocaine

4 - Phenomenology of cannabis

5 - Phenomenology heroin

6 - Opium

7 - Ketamine

Part Three - The new consumer target

1 - The use of psychoactive substances among children

2 - The use of psychoactive substances among not natives and among migrants second generation

3 - The use of psychoactive substances among women

Part Four - The latest trends

1 - Goods and market

2 - The use of drugs in times of economic crisis

3 - The socially integrated drug users

4 - The problematic use of illegal substances

5- The de culturalization of alcohol use

6 - Mortality risk for substances users: early warning systems

Part Five - dependencies without substances

1 - Gambling

2 - Compulsive shopping

3 - Internet addiction

Part Six - The techniques of research and prevention projects

The use of research in the design of prevention activities

Work on methods and research techniques used to study the use of psychoactive substances

Rapid tests for the diagnosis of addiction and abuse without substances (SDS, DAST 10, CAGE, Fagerstrom, Fisher, Compulsive BUYNG).

Attending students will be offered participation in research activities


Book - “Il consumo socialmente integrato di sostanze illegali: danni, precauzioni, regole e mercato” – di Pavarin RM - Francoangeli Milano marzo 2014

Book - “Dal deviante clandestino al consumatore socialmente integrato. L'evoluzione della ricerca sull'uso delle sostanze psicoattive” di Pavarin RM CLUEB Bologna marzo 2012

Book - “Sballo. Nuove tipologie di uso di droga nei giovani” di Pavarin RM e Dionigi A. Edizioni Erikson Trento 2010 (The second part: I paradigmi delle dipendenze (from page103 to page 206).

Paper - "Gioco problematico: evidenze empiriche e riflessioni per la prevenzione" - Prisma (2018) https://www.researchgate.net/publication/323336451_Gioco_problematico_evidenze_empiriche_e_riflessioni_per_la_prevenzione

Paper - "Crisi economica, consumo socialmente integrato e riduzione del dnno: nuove idee per la prevenzione" Salaute e società (2016) https://www.researchgate.net/publication/300001846_Crisi_economica_consumo_socialmente_integrato_e_riduzione_del_danno_Nuove_idee_per_la_prevenzione

Recommended reading

Book- Pavarin RM, Corbetta DV "Dipendenze con e senza sostanze: teoria, ricerca e modelli di intervento" FrancoAngeli Milano 2015 Libor - Pavarin RM Cannabis e problemi sanitariFrancoAngeli Milano 2010

Book- Kuhn TS“La struttura della rivoluzioni scientifiche” Einaudi Torino 1969

Book- Zimberg NE “Drug, set and setting: the basis for controlled intoxicant use” Yale University Press, New Haven 1986

Scientific paper- Pavarin, R. M.(2015), Giovani adolescenti e sostanze psicoattive: nativi, non nativi e seconda generazione. Risultati di uno studio multicentrico in 4 regioni italiane Pavarin, SALUTE E SOCIETÀ, vol. 3, p. 181-193,

Scientific paper- Pavarin, R. M., & Biolcati, R. (2014). Women between normality and dependence: a study of problematic consumption and dependence in women aged 30-50 years. Journal of Substance Use, (0), 1-8.

Scientific paper- Pavarin R (2014). L’alcol tra normalizzazione e deculturalizzazione: alcune riflessioni a partire dai dati di ricerche condotte nell’Emilia Romagna. ALCOLOGIA, vol. 20/21, p. 61-64

Teaching methods


Research activities

Assessment methods

The assestment onsists of an interview and aims to verify the achievement of the following learning objectives:

In-depth knowledge of information and theoretical approaches mentioned in the program

Ability to use these approaches and information to analyze the evolution of the phenomenon

Ability to interpret the phenomenon under study.

Ability to apply this knowledge in prevention projects.

The examination was held in the form of oral and provides an assessment of thirty. To support the exam registration is required via bulletin board, in compliance with mandatory deadlines.

Teaching tools

Material: the material presented in class will be made available to the student in electronic format via the Internet.

Such material should be printed and brought to class.

To get educational materials: http://campus.unibo.it/

Username and password are reserved for students enrolled at the University of Bologna.

Links to further information


Office hours

See the website of Raimondo Maria Pavarin