73918 - Training Planning

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2018/2019

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, the student:

- is able to design a detailed training program: in the short, middle, and long terms; in the different stages of the preparation; for different types of sports; specifying the load characteristics in relation with the individual performance, the age, the level of specialization, and the gender.

- is able to use informatic tools to collect training and test data for performance and fitness monitoring, with the aim of producing a real-time computerized data base

-is able to use advanced devices for real-time monitoring of endurance, strength, power and rapidity training and to individuate with appropriate devices the state of overreaching and overtraining

-is able to select and use different types of special exercises useful to improve the different conditional capacities

-knows the main topics related to training in hypoxic or other particular environmental conditions


Course contents

Training planning Program

Performance model studies during training and in competition: starting the training planning.

- The study of the competition in the individual and team sports: partial of competition, number and duration of the actions and recovery times, biomechanics and physiological analysis, the electronic scores databases.

- The performance study through the field and laboratory tests with representative athlete samples of different levels.

- The training planning on the base of the sport performance model and the objective evaluation of the single athlete characteristics.

- The training control and the load effects.

The control of the performance athlete's condition, the training plan control and the strategic choices of the methods and the times for the different sport performance increase.

^ Endurance:

° Tools for the inside load study (cardio-meter, lactic dosages), metabolic parameters (VE, VO2, VCO2) and EMG during field training.

° The external load determination (volume & speed with GPS and other tools, length and frequency of the footstep, accelerations, strength and power etc.)

^ Strength, Speed and Technique

° Forces, power, speed and linear and angular kinematics with different tools (photoelectric cells, sensory, accelerometers, optoelectronic technologies etc.)

The purpose of this course part is to provide the theoretical knowledge, the state-of-the-art and the practical competences for the use of the tools for the control of the training. It will be important to integrate the informations with the Bioengineering course.

The training organization for different sport disciplines.

- Historical introduction on the training planning.

- General common fundaments of the training planning.

- Heterocronism of the adaptations for a long, middle and short term and the biological rhythms of the different organs and apparatuses.

- The training cyclical structure and the different typologies of: micro-cycles, meso-cycles, macro-cycles.

- The simple and complex single session of training: temporal sequences of the activities according to the sport and the performance level.

- Planning and typology of the micro-cycles in the seasonal phases, criteria to construct for different levels and sport classes, numeric symbols of intensity used for planning.

- Planning and typology of the meso-cycles in the seasonal phases, for middle term different objectives and for different sport classes, duration, components and structural consideration.

- The macro-cycles planning with 1, 2 or more pecks in the different competitive season typologies and trends of the form conditions, the factors of peaking, phases of training.

- The long term planning, quadrennial plan forms

- The performance in function of volume, intensity, training specificity, frequency and importance of the competitions.

- The planning for the strength, power and speed sports.

- The planning for the endurance sports.

- The planning in the combat sports.

- The planning in the team sports.

- The planning in the technical composition sports.

- The overtraining and overreaching problem list: the interaction between physician and sport trainer.

Specific Seminars.

- The youth training problem list: development of the motor abilities and sensitive phases, precocious specialization and/or multilaterality, objectives and models of the youth planning.

- The gender differences in the performance of the different sports and the relative planning of the training.

- General and special endurance training for different sport disciplines, particularly the Cycling model.

- The high altitude training for the endurance sports and for the other sports, and also for a high altitude competition or to improve the performance to sea level.

- The biochemical adaptations in the different types of training and the control of the biological parameters for the training planning.

- The strength, endurance, rapidity special training examples and applications for the different individual and team sports.

The computer use for the elaboration of training data and performance database.

- The training diary, different type of variables, possibility of statistical and graphical computer elaborations and the use of Microsoft Excel.

- The relationship among performance and training variables: the different types of regression and the correlation coefficients.

- The graphical data representation with: lines, columns, dispersion points, and lines or curves interpolating.

- The study of the temporal series in the short, middle and long period and simple methods of statistical trend analysis: linear and polynomial regression, the mobile averages.

The purpose of this part of the program is to highlightthe necessary notions and competences for elaborating, previously and subsequently, the diary of training and related to the planning data, with electronic support.

Readings/Bibliography

Periodization (5 Edition) Tudor O. Bompa

Human Kinetics 2009

 

Mujika I. Tapering and Peaking for optimal Performance

Human Kinetics 2009

 

Designing Resistance Training Programs S. J. Fleck, W.J. Kraemer

Human Kinetics 2004

 

NSCA's Guide to Program Design J.R. Hoffman

Human Kinetics 2012


Teaching methods

Frontal lectures, seminars, practical lessons on training monitoring and data analysis (Data Base Training)

Assessment methods

Oral evaluations

Teaching tools

Analysis of testing and training data using the computer

Laboratory lessons using devices for monitoring the strength and endurance training load and Data Base Training


Office hours

See the website of Franco Merni