65976 - Epidemiology And Veterinary Parasitology

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2018/2019

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course the students acquire basic knowlege in order to describe the distribution in space and time of pathological and non-pathological conditions in animal populations, and to analyse the factors and their relationships influencing health and production. Particularly, the students are able to give cooperation and advices in order to: - assess and minimize the risks for animal health and production; - estimate the effectiveness and efficiency of health and non-health actions; - promote a proper man-animal-environment relationship.At the end of the course, the students acquire basic knowledge of veterinary parasitology and parasitic diseases of farmed animals, with special reference to: main aetiological agents significant for animal productions and public health; risk factors at environmental and farm levels; and control measures. Particularly, the students ara able to cooperate with public and private veterinarians in the following activities: parasite surveillance and control; animal health and consumer protection; optimization of animal productions.

Course contents

Epidemiology (teacher Dott.ssa Laura Stancampiano)

(Detailed program available on the specific syllabus) - Definitions and purposes of epidemiology. General concepts and principles of veterinary epidemiology, applied to animal production. Concept of health and illness. Concept of transmitted disease . Difference between infection and disease. Factors influencing the onset, transmission and maintenance of infections in nature (linked to guests, the environment, etiologic agents and populations). Populations as a unit of study. Frequency measurements of morbid events. Causality, risk and risk assessment. Dynamics of infections in space and time. Evaluation of diagnostic tests. Sampling concepts and principles. Observations on monitoring, control and prevention.

Parasitology (Teacher Prof. Giovanni Poglayen)

Basic concepts of veterinary parasitology. Socio-economic impact of parasites. Host-parasite-environment relationships. Main parasites of farm animals and wildlife (systematics, biological and morphological features, life cycle, occurrence in Italy and importance for animal production and/or public health). Arthropods: mange mites, ticks, bot flies, lice; arthropod-borne infections. Nematodes: gastro-intestinal strongyles of ruminants and swine, roundworms, trichinellae. Cestodes: ciclofillidean tapeworms, with special reference to zoonotic agents. Trematodes: hepatic flukes, paramphistomes. Protozoa: coccidia and notes on other protozoa of zoo-economic significance. Definition and concept of parasitic disease. Epidemiology and control of the main parasitic diseases of farm animals and main parasitic zoonoses, with special reference to: actions of surveillance; evaluation of risk factors; interventions on internal and external environment; use of anti-parasitic drugs.

Readings/Bibliography

Didactic material and bibliographic and web information suggested or provided by the lecturer (if requested, also in English);

Web-site mainly recommended : http://www2.unipr.it/~bottarel/epi/HomePage.html [http://www2.unipr.it/%7Ebottarel/epi/HomePage.html] .

Ezio Bottarelli, Fabio Ostanello: “EPIDEMIOLOGIA. Teoria ed esempi di medicina veterinaria”. Edagricole, Milano, 2011. 228 pagg. ISBN-978-88-506-5347-8

Taylor MA et al. : Veterinary Parasitology (Third Edition), Blackwell Publishing, Oxford (U.K.), 2007 [Italian Edition, 2010, Updated ]

Teaching methods

Frontal didactics- practical lessons, Educational travels

Assessment methods

The course is part of the Integrated course "Epidemiology, Parasitology and Veterinary Pathology", That is Comprehensive of the course "VETERINARY PATHOLOGY". The examination committee, is formed by the professors in charge of the teachings that compose the integrated course.

Final test will consist of an oral examination, accompanied by practical test consisting in the recognition of a parasite. The final mark consists of the synthesis of the evaluations of the teachings that compose the integrated course

Teaching tools

Video projector, computer room, clickers. Web and original documents, publications and images - Samples of macro and micro-parasites. Diagnostic laboratory (at the Department of Medical veterinary Science)

Office hours

See the website of Giovanni Poglayen

See the website of Laura Stancampiano