39584 - Introduction to Etruscology (1)

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2018/2019

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, the student acquires a basic knowledge of the history and civilization of the Etruscans in his main evolutionary lines in the frame of italic pre-roman cultures; Knows the various types of sources useful for their reconstruction, recognizes and critically reviews the archaeological documentation and the main artistic manifestations, possesses the tools of analysis needed to frame artisanal and artistic productions in the correct social, political and economic context of reference. How to use the basic tools necessary for the cataloging, enhancement, dissemination and preservation of historical and cultural heritage; He can communicate in oral and written terms using a specific terminology.

Course contents

The course begins on September 24, 2018 and takes place on Monday-Tuesday-Wednesday from 11am to 1pm in the "Aula Capitani" of San Giovanni in Monte 2.

During the starting lectures, the teacher will give advice on the studying, will explain the exam carrying out and will give the outlines of the basic elements of the discipline, in order to fill in possible gaps in students' knowledge.

Etruscans and the Italic peoples: Ancient Italy between Bronze Age and Iron Age. Transition from the protovillanovian to the villanovian period; transformations of the population, origin of the proto-urban centres and “formation” of the Etruscan ethnos. Cultures, languages and peoples of the pre-roman Italy. Etruscans and their relationships with the other italic peoples: commercial exchanges and cultural connections. Cultural and chronological periods.

History and culture of the Etruscans Culture: Villanovian period (IX-VIII c. BCE): from the hut to the house and from the village to the town; early forms of social and political organization. Orientalising period (VIII-VII c. BCE): rise and consolidation of the aristocracies; the culture of the princes; palaces and big funerary architecture; different expressions of the aristocratic ideology. Archaic period (VI c. BCE): end of the aristocracies and coming of the demos; big works of urban monumentalising; cities and their harbours; relations with the oriental Greek Culture. Classic period (V-IV c. BCE): leadership of the inner Etruria and crisis of the coastal Etruria; the artistic problem and the relationships with Greece. Hellenistic period (IV-III c. BCE): the big “crisis” of the Fourth Century and the “coming-back” aristocracies; relations with Macedonia and Magna Graecia and last great season of the Etruscan culture. Impact with Rome and ending of the Etruscans. Etruscan language and writing.  


All the books are available at the library of the Department of History, Cultures and Civilization - Archaeology section, Piazza S. Giovanni in Monte, 2 Bologna.

Those students attending classes:

1) G. Bartoloni (a cura di), Introduzione all'Etruscologia, Hoepli, Roma 2012.

2) G. Camporeale, Gli Etruschi. Storia e civiltà, Parte Seconda Le città (Quarta edizione), Novara, UTET, 2015, pp. 247-488.

Those students not attending classes, also one of these books:

- G. Colonna, Urbanistica e architettura, in AA.VV., Rasenna. Storia e civiltà degli Etruschi (a cura di G. Pugliese Carratelli), Milano 1987, pp. 371-530.

- G. Camporeale, Gli Etruschi. Storia e civiltà, Parte Prima La civiltà etrusca (Quarta edizione), Novara, UTET, 2015, pp. 17-243.

- Gli Etruschi. Una nuova immagine (a cura di M. Cristofani), Firenze 1972 (o ristampe successive).

- Gli Etruschi (Catalogo della mostra, Venezia 2000), Cinisello Balsamo 2000.

For Erasmus students are also available books in english, french, german, spanish languages. 

Teaching methods

Teaching method consists in frontal lectures. All those students who may be concerned will have the chance to supplement the lectures of the course with practice in laboratory among the didactic proposals of the Department of Archaeology relatively in particular to the possibility of excavations in the Etruscan site of Marzabotto and the opportunity of studying, cataloguing and drawing archaeological items.

Assessment methods

The evaluation consists on an oral examination, during which the teacher is going to ask questions, related to those topics illustrated and debated at lectures and/or found in the bibliography.

The assessment of students is based on their ability to refer the acquired knowledge by using the field-specific terminology and by framing consistently a specific topic in its related period.

Those students who demonstrate to have a systematic perspective of topics covered during lectures and/or in the above-mentioned bibliography, mastering them critically, also by using field-specific terms, will be given a mark of excellence. A mnemonic knowledge of the subject with the ability to sinthetize/analize, with correct, although not always field-specific command of the language will be rewarded with a 'fair' mark. Those students who demonstrate minimal knowledge of the subject, showing gaps and/or inappropriate command of the specific language will be given a pass mark or just above the pass mark. Significant knowledge gaps, insufficient field-specific language, lack of those abilities to frame correctly the covered topics and to orientate themselves among the bibliographical materials will not be given a pass mark.

Teaching tools

During the lessons visual aids will be widely used, especially slides and projections from computer. Explanatory paper materials, concerning specific subjects of the course, will be handed out in classroom

Office hours

See the website of Elisabetta Govi