00498 - Hygiene

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2018/2019

Learning outcomes

By the end of the course the student: has acquired basic knowledge of health determinants, prevention, health education; knows the fundamental means to prevent the main infectious and non-infectious diseases and to promote the childhood wellbeing in community pre-school services.

Course contents

Introduction to Hygiene– Definition of the concept of health, prevention, health education.

General aspects of infectious diseases: microorganisms, host-parasite relationships, organism's biological defences.

General epidemiology of infectious diseases: sources of infection, transmission modalities, favouring conditions.

Infectious disease prevention: vaccine prophylaxis, schedule for vaccines in newborns; seroprophylaxis, notification, isolation, disinfection, sterilization, disinfestation.

Epidemiology and prevention of most important childhood infectious diseases which can be transmitted through respiratory secretions (measles, mumps, rubella, whooping cough, chickenpox, meningitis), through oro-fecal way (acute gastroenteritis and salmonellosis), through direct contact (conjunctivitis).

Outline of infections transmitted through blood contact (hepatitis B, AIDS).

Epidemiology and prevention of parasitic diseases: pediculosis, oxyuriasis.

Prevention and control measures in nursery services: behaviour of educators, child hygiene, exclusion from and readmission to communities.

Nutrition hygiene: main nutrients, indications for correct nutrition. Nutrition in nursery service: breastfeeding and artificial, weaning, special diets.

Food hygiene: food safety, foodborne deseases, methods of conservation and food control.

Noninfectious diseases of particular relevance to children: diabetes, dental caries, allergies and intolerances, childhood obesity.

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

First Aid in community pre-school services.

Readings/Bibliography

Testo di riferimento:

  • Barbuti S, Fara GM, Giammanco G, Carducci A, Coniglio MA, D’Alessandro D, Montagna MT, Tanzi ML, Zotti CM. “Igiene Terza edizione, 2011, Monduzzi Editore

Materiale didattico da scaricare on line:

  • Azienda Usl di Bologna "La pediculosi del capo”: www.comune.bologna.it/media/files/pediculosi_a_scuola.pdf
  • Comune di Bologna “La salute al nido. Informazioni riguardanti l’igiene, le malattie, l’alimentazione”. Anno educativo 2017/18. http://www.comune.bologna.it/media/files/salute_al_nido_gennaio_2018.pdf
  • Servizio Sanitario Regionale Emilia-Romagna Sicurezza e igiene degli alimenti”: http://salute.regione.emilia-romagna.it/documentazione/materiale-informativo/pubblicazioni/sicurezza-e-igiene-degli-alimenti-guida-per-gli-operatori-del-settore-alimentare-giugno-2005
  • SaPeRiDoc (Centro di documentazione sulla salute perinatale, riproduttiva e sessuale)- Salute nell’infanzia: Prevenzione della SIDS “Che cos’è la SIDS” e “Raccomandazioni per la prevenzionehttp://www.saperidoc.it/flex/cm/pages/ServeBLOB.php/L/IT/IDPagina/715
  • Quaderni del Ministero della Salute n.25 ottobre 2015: cap.1 "L'allattamento al seno"; cap.2 "L'alimentazione nei bambini" http://www.quadernidellasalute.it/download/download/25- ottobre-2015-quaderno.pdf
  • Quaderni del Ministero della Salute n.27 marzo 2017 "Vaccinazioni: stato dell'arte, falsi miti e prospettive"(cap.6, 8, 9 e 10) http://www.salute.gov.it/imgs/C_17_pubblicazioni_2586_allegato.pdf

 

Teaching methods

Frontal lectures, video, seminars.

Assessment methods

Foreign student learning will be assessed through an oral examination

The final vote will be expressed in thirtieths (30/30).

There is no examination jump.

To support the exam registration is required through Bulletin Board, in compliance with mandatory deadlines. Those who failed to register for technical issues by the due date, shall communicate promptly (and in any case before the formal closure of the registration lists) the problem to the academic office. The teacher's right to admit or not the student to the examination.

Office hours

See the website of Rossella Sacchetti