15750 - Basics Principles of Chemistry

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2018/2019

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, students have a good knowledge of properties of both chemical element and compounds in relation to their electronic structure and to the nature of chemical bond. In particular, students will be able to evaluate the behavior of elements and compounds empoyed in electronical fields.

Course contents

Atomic structure of matter : atoms, fundamental particles, atomic number, isotopes, atomic mass, mole and molar mass. Nomenclature of compounds.

Electronic structure of atoms and periodicity of atomic properties: the wave nature of matter, wave mechanics, atomic orbitals, quantum numbers, electron configurations of the elements and periodic properties.

Chemical bonds : ionic bonds and structure of ionic crystals. Covalent bond: hybrid orbitals and molecular structure, molecular orbital theory. Covalent crystals. Polarity of molecules. Metallic bond: band theory. Weak interactions.

Semiconductors and isolants

Intrinsic semiconductors: electronic current in the conduction band and positive current in the valence band. Temperature effect. Doped semiconductors: p-type doping and n-type doping. Compound semiconductors.

Stoichiometry, chemical reactions and redox.

States of matter: gases, ideal gas law, mixture of gases and real gases. Liquid state: solutions and measures of concentration. Exercises. Solids: kinds of crystals.

Thermochemistry: Hess's Law of heat. Standard reactions enthalpies, enthalpies of formation and combustion.

Colligative properties: boiling- point elevation, freezing-point depression, osmosis.

Chemical kinetics: reaction rate, rate law and activation energy. Catalysts. Living catalysts: enzymes.

Chemical equilibrium: the equilibrium constant, homogeneous and heterogeneous equilibria, the responsa of equilibria to changes. Exercises on gas chemical equilibrium: 1) given equilibrium constant, the equilibrium  molar composition is determined; 2) given the equilibrium molar composition, the equilibrium constant is calculated.

Ionic equilibria in acqueous solutions. Acids and bases. Definition of pH. 

Readings/Bibliography

R. A. Michelin, A. Munari “Fondamenti di Chimica per le Tecnologie” VI ed. CEDAM (PD) (2012).

2. R. A. Michelin, M. Mozzon, A. Munari “Test ed esercizi di Chimica” VI ed. CEDAM (PD) (2012).

3. W. Brown, T. Poon "Introduzione alla Chimica Organica" III ed. EDISES (Na) (2008)

Teaching methods

The course is composed by two parts, a theoretical and an exercise one. This latter concerns the resolution of exercises regarding stoichiometry, redox reactions and chemical equilibrium, to cite some examples.

Assessment methods

The assessment method is represented by a written work. It consists of a number of multiple choice theory quiz (typically from 28) and exercises (usually 4), these latter regarding arguments treated in classroom exercises.

Teaching tools

Blackboard and chalk; videoprojector, PC, . Copies of the teaching material are available for students on http://campus.cib.unibo.it [http://campus.cib.unibo.it/] .

Office hours

See the website of Nadia Lotti