37193 - Histology and Embryology 2 (A-K)

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2018/2019

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, the student is able to tackle, at the cellular and ultrastructural study, biomedical questions in relationship to specific regulatory mechanisms and their alterations. In particular, the student acquires preliminary preparatory skills that encourage an interdisciplinary approach to the continuation of the study of evidence-based medicine.

Course contents

Fertilization: sperm attraction, activation and penetration. Prevention of polyspermy.
Cleavage and the blastocyst stage. The trophoblast and the inner cell mass.
Implantation and decidual reaction. Two germ layer stage; yolk sac, amniotic cavity and extraembryonic celoma formations.
Gastrulation and the three embryonic germ layers (ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm) and molecular processes. The neural crest cells.
Craniocaudal and lateral foldings. Formation of intraembryonic coelom.
Placenta and extraembryonic membranes: amniotic membrane, chorion and placenta, umbilical cord, allantois.
Endoderm derivatives: Facial and fharyngeal development.
Paraxial mesoderm derivatives: sclerotomes, myotomes and dermatomes.
Lateral mesoderm derivatives: limb development.
Nervous tissue development.


Armato U. ed altri autori EMBRIOLOGIA UMANA Ed. Idelson-Gnocchi
De Felice M. ed altri autori EMBRIOLOGIA UMANA Ed. Piccin

Sadler T.W. EMBRIOLOGIA MEDICA di Langman Ed Elsevier
Barbieri M., Carinci P. EMBRIOLOGIA Ed. CEA

Teaching methods

The course consists of 2 UC of Embryology which aim to make students acquire the topics described in detail in the program.

Assessment methods

The learning assessment will include the examination of slides at light microscopy that is introductory to the oral exam. Students that fail in the examination are not admitted to the oral exam. The oral exam is about Cytology, Histology and Embryology in according the contents published in Histology and Embryology 1 and Histology and Embryology 2 courses. A low mark in one of the three parts precludes the whole exam. The student can choose to keep the mark of examination of slides (valid until December 2019) or to repeat it. In the opinion of the examiners, the final assessment will be the weighed average of the three results.
The online registration to the examination is mandatory.

Teaching tools

Power point presentations that will be available online as downloadable content through a reserved distribution list; username and password will be reported during the first lesson introducing the course.

Office hours

See the website of Laura Bonsi