00671 - Infectious Diseases

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2018/2019

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, the students will be introduced to the main, essential knowledge to help identify the etiology, epidemiology, clinical features, diagnostic pathways, and therapeutic and prophylaxis guidelines of the main Infectious Diseases, with special attention focused on those of Dentistry and Stomatology interest. In particular, the participants will be addressed to front the differential diagnosis of the most common diseases with an infectious etiology, focusing on those of Stomatological and Dentistry interest, or those with clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic features which involve in some degree the Dentistry specialty on the whole; the students will be able to recognized the most common Infectious Diseases, and outline their management and treatment; finally, the students will be addressed to take into account of the Stomatologic-Dentistry professional risk, and will have practical knowledge of the guidelines of occupational prophylaxis in this field.

Course contents

General principles of Infectious Diseases

Antimicrobial chemotherapy; antimicrobial chemoprophylaxis in Stomatology and Dentistry

Infections of the upper and lower respiratory tract. Interstitial and alveolar pneumonia, influenza, legionellosis, nosocomial pneumonia, pneumonia of the immunocompromised host. Main features of tuberculosis

Infections and toxin-mediated diseases of the gastro-intestinal tract; toxin-mediated disease caused by Staphylococci, Echerichia coli, other bacteria; salmonellosis, typhoid fever, cholera, shigellosis, botulism

Central nervous system infections: meningitit, meningoencephalitis, brain abscess (of bacterial and fungal origin)

Sepsis, septic shock, meningococcemia

Tick-borne infections: Lyme disease, rickettsiosis

HIV infection and AIDS: basic virology and immunology, epidemiology, clinical features, stomatological complications and head and neck disorders, principles di antiretroviral therapy, prevention guidelines

General features on infections in the immunocompromised host

General principles of exhanthematic diseases: measles, rubella, varicella, herpes zoster, scarlet fever, megaloeritema infettivo, esantema critico; available vaccines

Other viral infections of Stomatological interest: infectious mononucleosis, herpes simplex virus infection, Cytomegalovirus infection, mumps

Infectious endocarditis: etiology, clinical features, principles of diagmosis, management, and prevention

Viral hepatitis: hepatitis due to HAV, HBV, HCV, HDV, HEV, other liver-tropic viruses; available vaccines

Infections in Stomatology and Dentistry: professional risk and guidelines of occupational prophylaxis

 

 

 

 

 

Readings/Bibliography

L. Calza, Principi di Malattie Infettive, 4a Edizione, Esculapio, Bologna, 2017

M. Moroni, R. Esposito, F. De Lalla, Manuale di Malattie Infettive, 6a Edizione, Masson, Milano, 2003

All updated textbooks of Internal Medicine (i.e. Harrison's) are appropriate, with special reference to the Chapter regarding Infectious Diseases (usually viral hepatitis is treated in the Gastroenterology sections)

 

Teaching methods

The lessons will be an opportunity to discuss and develop the subjects incuded in the program of the official Course, leaving time to comments and an interactive discussion regarding all presented subjects

Assessment methods

Examination test, to be sustained concurrently with the subjects belonging to the specific "Corso Integrato" (i.e. Hygiene, Infectious, Skin, and Venereal Diseases)

Teaching tools

Frontal lesson will be conducted in a lecture hall where multimedia instruments are available, with the predominant support of PowerPoint slides


Office hours

See the website of Roberto Manfredi