10083 - Human Anatomy

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2018/2019

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course of Human Anatomy the student has a preparation that allows him to be able to recognize the structures of the stomatognathic apparatus the morphofunctional organization of all the apparatuses of the human body. In particular: to know the topographic relationship between organs and odontostomatological structures; To know in depth the macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of the buccal cavity; To recognize the structures and topography of osteoarticular components of the skull, with particular reference and attention to the mandibular tempura joint; Know in detail the insertion and function of masticatory and mimic muscles; Recognize the component structures of the buccal cavity such as the walls and the adjoining contents; To know the descriptive and topographical anatomy of the salivary glands and possible pathological processes; To know the organization of the central nervous system with particular reference to the peripheral system aimed at odontostomatological structures; To know the organization of apparatuses and systems of the human body examined under a systematic profile, topography and function.

Course contents

LOCOMOTORE APPARATUS BONE: Bones of the trunk, vertebral column, bones of the skull, the cavities of the skull, cavities common to the neurocranium and the splancnocranio.ARTICULATIONS: General and classification of the joints. Joints of the trunk. Skull joints. Joints of the upper and lower limbs. MUSCLES: Muscles of the upper and lower limbs, diaphragm. CARDIOCIRCULATORY SYSTEM Heart - surface topography and anatomy, pericardium, external configuration and internal configuration, vasculature, innervation. Organization and course of blood vessels. Aorta and its branches of primary division. General information on the lymphatic system, structure of the lymph node. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Oral cavity and attached formations. Topography and systematic anatomy of the different sections of the digestive canal. Peritoneal behavior in relation to the development of different organs. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM Nose and nasal cavities: form, relationships and structure. Larynx trachea and bronchi, lungs: form, relationships and structure. Pleure. URINARY SYSTEM Rene and his excretory apparatus: form, relationships and structure. Bladder and urethra. ENDOCRINE APPARATUS Macroscopic anatomy, topography and functional of the thyroid, adrenal glands and endocrine pancreas. CENTRAL AND PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM Generalities of the Nervous system. Spinal cord, brainstem, diencephalon, telencephalon: structure and relationships. Ventricles and meninges. Sensitive and driving paths. Spinal nerves and encephalic nerves. autonomic nervous system. ANATOMY OF THE STOMATOGNATIC APPARATUS Bones of neurocranium and slancnocranium. Fossa and Logge of the skull - Growth and facial development. Mandibular Tempura Articulation. Masticatory, Mimic and Neck muscles. Neck bands and loggias. External carotid artery and division branches. Lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes of the head and neck. Oral cavity: walls and its contents. Dental arches and periodontium. External morphology of the teeth and their relationships. Major and minor salivary glands and related lodges. Encephalic nerves: V, VII, IX, X, XII - Parasympathetic and encephalic encephalitis of the head.

Readings/Bibliography

Anatomia Orale di Sicher, Lloyd DuBrul E. - Edi-Ermes

Anatomia funzionale e clinica dello splancnocranio, Fonzi L. - Edi- Ermes

Morfologia Dentale, Gori G. - Quintessence Publishing

Anatomia Microscopica del Dente e del Parodonto, Fonzi - Garberoglio - Zerosi- Piccin

Anatomia del Gray (1°-2° volume) - Edra

Anatomia Umana - con ebook. Martini F. H., Timmons M. J., Tallitsch R. B.- Edi SES

Atlante di Anatomia - Odontoiatria e Medicina, Tillmann -RC Edizioni

Testo Atlante di Anatomia Prometheus- Vol. Testa, Collo e Neuroanatomia - EdiSES

Atlante Anatomia Umana- Vol. 2- Edi-Ermes

Atlante fotografico di Anantomia descrittiva e topografica- Rohen-Yokochi- Piccin

Teaching methods

Lectures with extensive use of images, such as to facilitate the acquisition of fundamental anatomical basis through the stimulation of visual memory. The course is divided into a series of lectures which are accompanied by practical exercises.The teachers will conduct workshops dissection of corpses.

Assessment methods

The final verification consists of an oral exam in which the student must demonstrate acquired knowledge of systematic and topographical anatomy of the various organs.

Teaching tools

Lectures using computer presentations, laboratory dissection, models and computer programs.

Office hours

See the website of Alessandra Ruggeri

See the website of Desiree Martini