Academic Year 2023/2024

  • Docente: Serena Righi
  • Credits: 3
  • SSD: FIS/07
  • Language: Italian

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course the student has learned the concept of Life Cycle Thinking, its principles and the methodology of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). The student will also know main sustainability assessment tools for life cycle approach (Carbon Footprint, Product Environmental Footprint, Environmental Product Declaration, etc.) and will be able to set up an LCA study and apply it to obtain an ecological label.

Course contents

The course will be based on the Life Cycle Thinking approach and its main tool: the Life Cycle Assessment according to the ISO standard ISO14040 and ISO14044.

The course will detail the four LCA phases: 1) "Goals and scope definition" phase. 2) Life Cycle Inventory. 3) Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) 4) Interpretation phase.

Program will include: characterisation methods like mid-point and end-point, the USEtox method to compute the characterisation factors of hazardous substances for the health and the environment and uncertainty in LCA.

A comparative analysis between health risk and LCA will be presented along with other LCT tools: the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF), the Organisation Environmental Footprint (OEF), ECOLABEL and the Environmental Product Declaration.

"LCA for Experts" software practice will be performed.


The slides will be available after each lecture on the course website.

The lecturer will highlight recommended reading (for example, a chapter or article) for each lecture.

Teaching methods

Numerous and different learning tools will be used such as: lectures, analysis of case studies, individual and group work.

The experimental activities will have the aim of consolidating and applying the concepts and methods studied in the course.

A dedicated laboratory is provided for the LCA modeling.

Attendance - especially laboratory and practice - is important to have a full understanding of the topic.

Assessment methods

The learning evaluation aims to assess the achievement of the learning outcomes (see above "Learning outcomes").

The exams consist of answering open questions during an oral test.

Students will also be given a list of specific goals for the exam preparation.

Teaching tools

Beamer, PC, blackboard. Lectures or webinars by experts.

The free version of LCA for Experts is available at: https://sphera.com/lca-education-program/

Students who need compensatory tools for reasons related to disabilities or specific learning disorders (SLD) can directly contact the Service for Students with Disabilities (disabilita@unibo.it) and the Service for Students with learning disabilities (dsa@unibo.it) to agree on the adoption of the most appropriate measures.


Office hours

See the website of Serena Righi