Academic Year 2023/2024

  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: Second cycle degree programme (LM) in Greening Energy Market and Finance (cod. 5885)

    Also valid for Single cycle degree programme (LMCU) in Law (cod. 9232)

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course students have a broader and deeper legal knowledge of the contemporary legal issues related to market regulation, and the consequences of economic agents' behaviour, both under the international and the national legal framework.

Course contents

The course addresses the international legal and institutional framework on the protection of the environment.

Throughout the course, the law governing the protection and management of freshwater resources will be taken as a case study for giving relevant examples on the functioning of international environmental law.

First, international environmental law will be presented as the outcome of an ongoing social development within the International Community started with the 1972 Stockholm Conference on Human Environment.

Second, rules and principles regulating the management of environmental resources will be presented both in their substantive and procedural nature, stressing the interplay between these two levels in assuring a sound management of environmental risks and resources.

Third, the interplay between international environmental law and other fields of international law will be tackled. A specific focus will be made to the relationship with human rights law, international economic law and the law of armed conflicts.

Last, specific substantive areas of international environmental law will be outlined. In particular, seminars will be delivered on the protection of biodiversity, the protection of marine environment and climate change.


Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Meagan S. Wong, International Environmental Law: Text, Cases and Materials (Edward Elgar 2022), Parts I, III and IV.

A.M. Tanzi, The Consolidation of International Water Law: A Comparative Analysis of the UN and UNECE Water Conventions (Editoriale scientifica 2017).

Teaching methods

Classes will mostly be held by the Lecturer.

Assessment methods

Final examination will be composed of a paper on topics indicated during the course. The deadline for submission will be announced during the course.

The mark will be given considering the following elements:

- knowledge of institutional profiles;

- the ability to analyse international practice and case law;

- the ability to link the different parts of the course programme;

- the ability to elaborate critical arguments;

- the accuracy of verbal exposure and property of language.

Office hours

See the website of Attila Massimiliano Tanzi


Clean water and sanitation Climate Action Oceans Life on land

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.