Academic Year 2023/2024

  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: First cycle degree programme (L) in Political, Social and International Sciences (cod. 8853)

Learning outcomes

The course provides knowledge on the protection of religious freedom and the regulation of cults in our and other legal systems. With a focus on the impact of confessional regulations in the prism of state law and the interaction of identities in intercultural society. At the end of the course, the student acquires mastery of the main systems of relations between State and Churches in the world and knowledge of elements of the domestic law of the numerically most representative religious denominations and their interaction with the social context. Particular attention is consequently given to some significant case studies from an international perspective. At the end of the course, the student is able to highlight the continuous reshaping, in the local-global dynamic, of the relationship between the religious factor and legal systems, between religious orders and state orders.

Course contents

Systems of relations between State and Churches in Italy and Europe.
Religion as an asset legally protected by the State. The regulation of religious freedom in the sources of Italian and European ecclesiastical law. In particular: agreements, understandings, ecclesiastical treaties. European Union and religious institutions. Small States and religious factor. Nods on pontifical diplomacy.
Notion of religious confession in Italy: comparative aspects.
Republican State and Catholic Church in Italy. Blasphemy and incitement to religious hatred in contemporary society: cases and issues. Criminal protection of cults in Europe and the world.
Minority religious confessions: Understanding and acuerdos with the State in Italy and Spain. Confessions without Understanding in Italy: the legal regulation of Islam. Islam in Europe. Role and interaction of Islamic law in a non-Islamic context.
The role of religiously inspired organizations in this historical context and in the globalized world: Islam in comparison. The religious and identity basis of the russian-ukranian conflict.


P. Consorti, Diritto e religione. Basi e prospettive, Laterza, 2023.

AA. VV.(a cura di) A. De Oto, La Chiesa di fronte alla criminalità organizzata, BUP, 2019.

Teaching methods

Students will be informed about dates and times of the seminars during the lectures or through notices, also on the Faculty web site. The teachers use slides that will be made available to the students.Lectures will be given in the first semester.

Assessment methods

The verification of learning consists in a final exam which will explore the acquisition of knowledge and skills requested through an oral examination sustained directly with the professor.

Teaching tools

The teachers use slides that will be made available to the students to help them in the comprehension of the issues and the institutions explained during the lesson. During the lessons the teachers will indicate and provide texts and supplementary materials to complete the preparation. Students who need compensatory tools for reasons of disability or Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) will communicate to the teacher their needs so as to be directed to the dedicated person and arrange on the adoption of the most appropriate measures.

Office hours

See the website of Antonello De Oto


Gender equality Reduced inequalities Peace, justice and strong institutions

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.