12216 - History of Photography (1)

Academic Year 2023/2024

  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: First cycle degree programme (L) in Drama, Art and Music Studies (cod. 5821)

Learning outcomes

By the end of the course the student: knows the history of photography, either in its aesthetic or technical developments, from the origins to the present dauy; is able to reflect upon the role of photography in 20th century art; understands the relationships between photography, visual arts and cultural industry's applications (fashion, communication and advertising); recognizes the contribution of photography in contemporary art development and in communicative applications.

Course contents

From the invention of Photography to the artistic experiences of the XXth century. Special focus will be dedicated to:

  • The invention and the pioneers of photography
  • Pictorialism in XIX century
  • Photographic Portrait/Self-Portrait
  • Women and Photography between XIX and XX century
  • Photography and the avant-gardes of early Twentieth Century
  • Photography and Pop Art
  • Conceptualism during the Sixties and Seventies
  • Last trend and Snapshot Style


Mandatory texts for attending and non attending students:


  • Muzzarelli, L'invenzione del fotografico. Storia e idee della fotografia dell'ottocento, Einaudi, Torino 2014.
  • C. Marra, Fotografia e pittura nel Novecento (e oltre), Bruno Mondadori, Milano 2022.

  • Database of pictures (downloading from AMS Campus - Teaching Materials)

Teaching methods

Lezioni frontali

Proiezioni di slide con analisi di immagini

Proiezioni di brevi video

Assessment methods

The exam is a written test made by 16 questions with 4 suggested answers.


The test consists of historical questions related to the main points of the material illustrated in the texts, questions of understanding the text, which are, for example, reports of excerpts from the books of the program, questions on the recognition of the name of the authors of some pictures chosen from the database (see above); and questions inherent poetic declarations and critical reflections in the texts for which the author's recognition is required.

Teaching tools

Video and ppt

Office hours

See the website of Federica Muzzarelli


Gender equality Reduced inequalities

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.