30413 - Philosophy Laboratory (1) (G.G)

Academic Year 2023/2024

  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: First cycle degree programme (L) in Philosophy (cod. 9216)

Learning outcomes

The student learns to read and critically analyze philosophical texts and to write a philosophical essay.

Course contents

General information

The Philosophy Workshop has three main purposes: education to philosophical writing and editorial conventions; introduction to the use of bibliographic resources; introduction to how to read a philosophical classic and how to produce a short philosophical essay about it.

The success of workshops ideally requires regular attendance of all students at all meetings. In order to be admitted to the final exam and achieve a pass, students will need to have attended at least 12 out of 15 classes (24 hours out of 30).

Students can choose from several proposals of Philosophy Workshops. Programmes and teachers’ names are available on the website of the First Cycle Degree/Bachelor in Philosophy (corsi.unibo.it/1cycle/Philosophy). Up to 40 students may attend each laboratory. Classes will be given in Italian or in English, as indicated by each teacher on their laboratory web pages.

Students can choose from several proposals of Philosophy Workshops. Programmes and teachers’ names are available on the website of the First Cycle Degree/Bachelor in Philosophy (corsi.unibo.it/1cycle/Philosophy). Up to 40 students may attend each laboratory. Please enrol via Studenti On Line (studenti.unibo.it/sol/welcome.htm), by clicking on the tab "Prenotazioni" and the workshop of your choice. Enrolment begins on the 1st of September, 2023.

Attendance — both face-to-face and online, if streaming is activated — will be verified by signature on sign-in sheets or by log-in online. In the light of several unpleasant episodes of signature falsification in recent years, in the event that it is proved that even a single signature has not been made by the corresponding student, that student will be excluded from the final exam and will have to wait until the next year to attend the Workshop again. The same standards will hold for students submitting written exams which are totally or partially copied from published sources or digital texts.

Only in the event of certified inability to attend the Workshop are students allowed to arrange an alternative programme with the relevant teacher of the module in question. Such cases include:

- working students who cannot obtain specific permission to attend the Workshop. Such students must inform the teacher at the beginning of the module and prove by a declaration of their employers their inability to attend.

- Erasmus and Overseas students. Such students must promptly provide documentary evidence to the teacher showing their inability to attend on grounds of residence abroad.

For attending students assessment will consist in the submission and discussion of a short essay on the philosophical text discussed in the Workshop attended. The essay will be evaluated both for form and for content. During the laboratory, teachers will provide instructions on how to write the final essay, and all students are requested to download and study the manual of philosophical writing, which can be found at corsi.unibo.it/laurea/Filosofia/laboratorio-di-filosofia-norme-per-la-redazione-del-saggio-finale (in Italian).


Laboratory title:

Moritz Schlick and the problem of knowledge in Neopositivism

In the Laboratory of Philosophy of this year we will read and comment on Moritz Schlick's text, Form and content, which collects a series of lectures held in 1932 by one of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century and one of the founders of the "Vienna Circle". Schlick discusses the relationship between intuition, relations and discursive knowledge, largely accepting, albeit with some significant changes, the theoretical and speculative suggestions that came from Wittgenstein's Tractatus and from the conversations that Wittgenstein and Schlick had entertained in the second half of the 1920s.

Of the 15 lectures available:

3 will be dedicated to a writing laboratory;
2 to the general introduction to Neopositivism
10 to reading and commenting on Schlick's text.

Beginning of lectures and location:

Lessons will begin on Monday 18 September 2023 and will be held every Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday from 5 to 7 pm in Room I, via Zamboni 38.


Obligatory Readings for all Students:

  • Moritz Schlick, Forma e contenuto, Boringhieri, Torino 1987, pp. 45-148. (the text will be available in "teaching material")
  • Explanatory notes provided by the teacher (progressively available in the "teaching material").

Optional Readings:

  • F. Barone, Neopositivismo e filosofia analitica, in Grande antologia filosofica, Marzorati, Milano 1977, pp. 1-64. (the text will be available in "teaching material").
  • Voce "Conoscenza" in N. Abbagnano, Dizionario di filosofia, UTET, Torino 1971, pp. 156-164. (the text will be available in "teaching material").

Teaching methods

Frontal lectures; discussion on the main topics treated in the course. Reading and commentary of texts.

Assessment methods

At the end of the course, the student must produce a written paper of 8-10 pages of your choice on a list of topics that will be indicated at the beginning of the course. The exam will consist in the discussion and evaluation of the paper.

Teaching tools

PC connected to the projector, summary slides.

Office hours

See the website of Luca Guidetti