87231 - Instrumentation for Electrical Engineering M

Academic Year 2023/2024

  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: Second cycle degree programme (LM) in Electrical Energy Engineering (cod. 9066)

    Also valid for Second cycle degree programme (LM) in Electric Vehicle Engineering (cod. 5699)

Learning outcomes

At the end of this course students are provided with advanced knowledge on the instrumentation for electrical engineering. The course starts from the knowledge obtained by students in previous courses. From that, advanced and current topics are treated to fill the gap with the evolving technologies. For example the course includes: current/voltage sensors and measurement devices (PMUs) description and their integration in smart grids; uncertainty evaluation aspects relevant to sensors and measurement chains; communication protocols between sensors and the grid; power quality aspects and their measurement and assessment; the digital twin tool for a complete digitalization of the grid, etc.

Course contents

Introduction to the course

Current and Voltage Sensors

  • Introduction
  • Sensors for Smart Grids
  • Inductive ITs
  • LPCT: Rogowski Coil
  • LPCT: Shunt
  • LPVT: Voltage Divider

Measurements for Power Quality

  • Introduction
  • Origin of Power Quality Variations
  • Processing of Stationary Signals
  • Processing of NON Stationary Signals

Phasor Measurement Unit

  • Introduction
  • Definition of PMU
  • Architecture of the PMU
  • Compliance tests for PMUs

Communication in power systems

  • Objectives of the Smart Grid Communication Network
  • Elements of Communication Networking
  • Conventional Applications
  • Smart Grid Applications
  • Communication Network Architecture

Energy Meters

  • Introduction
  • Electromechanical Energy Meter
  • Electronic Meter
  • Smart Energy Meter
  • Standards

Digital Twin

  • Introduction
  • Digital Twin
  • Digital Twin and Power Systems


Each topic of the course is provided with specific references.

Teaching methods

In presence, using oral powerpoint presentations.

Seminars, webinars.

At least 25-30 % of the course will be in the lab.

Assessment methods

Oral examination. Three questions covering the entire course.

Teaching tools

Powerpoint presentations.

Office hours

See the website of Alessandro Mingotti


Affordable and clean energy Sustainable cities Climate Action

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.