90034 - History of Modern and Contemporary Justice (1) (LM)

Academic Year 2023/2024

  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: Second cycle degree programme (LM) in History and Oriental Studies (cod. 8845)

Learning outcomes

By the end of the module the student will show an understanding of the intense interaction between judiciary and the religious and political cultures developing in late modern and contemporary ages, he or she will identify the processes of cultural transference and be able to assess them critically; he or she will acquire familiarity with the legal and theological vocabulary and know how to contextualize their expressions in the different historical eras. The student will be able to give a narrative form to the results of his/her own research, using the technical language of the discipline appropriately. By the end of the course the student will be able to analyze within a historical perspective the functioning of the judiciary; he or she knows how to collect, catalog, comment, use in an appropriate way, in solving problems of historical research, the legal and judicial sources. He or she can organize complex information coherently; he or she can use the juridical language appropriately and knowingly.

Course contents

The course will be devoted to the history of criminal justice in Europe from the late sixteenth to the twenty-first century. In addition to the treatment of the judiciary in common law and continental law systems, particular emphasis will be placed on the procedural elements, their impact on public opinion and the use that political power itself has made since the French revolution.


Non attending students:

1) Le danze di Clio e Astrea, a cura di A.A. Cassi, Torino, Giappichelli, 2023, pp. 168-331

2) C. De Pascale, Giustizia, Bologna, il Mulino, 2010;

3) G. Alessi, Il processo penale. Profilo storico, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2011

4) A text among the following:

P. Prodi, Una storia della giustizia, Bologna, il Mulino, 2015, capitoli VII, VIII e IX

G. Tarello, Storia della cultura giuridica moderna: assolutismo e codificazione del diritto, Bologna, il Mulino, 2012, capitoli V-IX;

La libertà attraverso il diritto. Illuminismo giuridico e questione penale, a cura di D. Ippolito, Napoli, Editoriale Scientifica, 2014;

M. Foucault, Sorvegliare e punire: nascita della prigione, Torino, Einaudi, 2014;

C. Magoni, Le pour et le contre. Il processo di Luigi XVI di fronte all'opinione pubblica, Roma, Edizioni di storia e letteratura, 2014;

M. Sbriccoli, La penalistica civile. Teorie e ideologie del diritto penale nell'Italia unita, in Stato e cultura giuridica in Italia dall'Unità alla Repubblica, a cura di A. Schiavone, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 1990, pp. 147-232;

Il diritto del duce. Giustizia e repressione nell'Italia fascita, a cura di L. Lacchè, Roma, Donzelli, 2015

L. P. D'Alessandro, Giustizia fascista. Storia del Tribunale speciale (1926-1943), Bologna, il Mulino, 2020

Storia, verità, giustizia: i crimini del XX secolo, a cura di M. Flores, Milano, B. Mondadori, 2009

Processi politici, a cura di G. Fabre, Bologa, Il Mulino, 2019

Giustizia straordinaria tra fascismo e democrazia: i processi presso le Corti di assise e i tribunali militari, a cura di C. Nubola, P. Pezzino, T. Rovatti, Bologna, il Mulino, 2019.

Attending students have to agree the bibliography with the professor.

Teaching methods

The course is based on lectures

Assessment methods

The assessment is designed to ascertain the in-depth knowledge of the particular laws and social practices of monarchies and the student's ability to analyze it historically.

Students who attend at least 75% of the lessons are considered to be attending.

For students not attending the test is oral and is based on the reading of the books listed in the "Texts".

The evaluation of the oral examination will depend on the correctness of contents, of the design and language used in answering the questions,

Students attending must instead prepare a dissertation (maximum 50,000 characters) on a topic related to the course or to the integrated course (in this case agreed with the two teachers), on the basis of sources and bibliography suggested by them.

The evaluation fo the paper will consider the student's capacity to make use of sources and bibliography related to the select topic. Students who demonstrate to have a global ooutlook and a good design of the selected topic and the capacity to use an appropriate language, will receive an excellent evaulation.

Students who write a paper only based on the existing bibliography will receive an adeqaue evaluation.

This course (6CFU) is part of the integrated course "History of Justice C.I. LM". The final mark will therefore be the arithmetic mean of the marks obtained in the two component courses ("History of justice from the late Middle Ages to the early modern age" and "History of modern and contemporary justice”).


Office hours

See the website of Francesca Sofia