78442 - Environmental appraisal

Academic Year 2023/2024

  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: Second cycle degree programme (LM) in Planning and management of agro-territorial, forest and landscape (cod. 8532)

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, the student has acquired the ability to use the main economic instruments of territorial and environmental evaluation of monetary and non-monetary kind. In particular, the student is able to: understand the procedures and collaborate on major cases of analysis of territorial importance, with particular reference to environmental impact assessment. conduct spatial assessment, as regards the effects of a project will determine the components of agro-environmental measures, in line with the guidelines of the EU agricultural policies

Course contents

Teaching Unit 1 (3 hours): Work on the evolution of economic thought for the environment.  
Results: The student knows the main developments of economic thought for environmental protection starting from the classical thought, the thought Marxist theories of John Stuart Mill, and finally at the thought Neoclassical 
Teaching Unit 2 (12 hours): The market environment: theory and application 
Results: The student knows the market model for the environment. Is able to give the definition of externalities and structure a model of theoretical evaluation. We propose a classification of the models used for the evaluation of externalities such as the materials balance and property rights. The student distinguishes environmental standards and environmental taxes as a means of achieving sustainability point of the market.
Teaching Unit 3 (5 hours): Description and evaluation of natural resources 
Results: the student knows the critical factors of the man-economic activity in the exploitation of environmental resources, necessary to enable a production process; also learns the classificatory systems of reserves and resources and the concept of sustainable development for the production process in order to minimize pollution and externalities. 
Teaching Unit 4 (10 hours): Evaluation of environmental resources 
Results: The student is able to indicate the definition and the differences between good public / private and economic good. He knows the tools and models of economic analysis going from real market value of an asset according to a classical exchange and supply / demand, up to the value of existence. 
Teaching Unit 5 (30 hours): Models and analysis tools and case studies
Results: The student knows and applies the main models and analysis tools including: the 'Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA), the Environmental Accounting, Analysis of the consumption / production of energy in a process: the model EROEI, the Travel Cost Method and Evaluation pluriparametrica of ornamental plants, ecological footprints and circular economy.


Caggiati P., Ragazzoni A. (2000), La valutazione dell'ambiente: metodologie di analisi e casi di studio, Pitagora Editrice, Bologna.

- Pearce David W., Turner, R. Kerry, (1991), Economia delle risorse naturali e dell'ambiente, Il Mulino, Bologna.

Ragazzoni A. (2022), L'azienda agro-zootecnica del futuro: come valutare la sostenibilità economica ed ambientale, Franco Angeli Editore, Milano

- The course material consists of the slides presented in class and made available to students in the appropriate website (website:   http://www.unibo.it/docenti/alessandro.ragazzoni).

Teaching methods

The course is mainly done through lectures with video projection of power point with the possibility of exercises in the computer lab and seminars by experts in the field

Assessment methods

The course is part of the Integrated Course of  ESTIMO TERRITORIALE E CARTOGRAFIA CATASTALE  along with the following other teaching: Cartografia catastale con elementi di CAD e GIS
Therefore, the evaluation of the course takes into account jointly the level of knowledge and skills acquired by the student in relation to the contents of all of the above teachings. The knowledge and skills taught in this course are evaluated in the following ways: oral exam at the end of the course of instruction may be preceded by written tests in progress.

the realization of a project for the renaturalization of a farm is foreseen

Teaching tools

Analysis of computer models support PC, lessons in power point; exercises and case studies on PC.

Office hours

See the website of Alessandro Ragazzoni


Quality education Climate Action Life on land

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.