17609 - Locomotor System Diseases (AK-A)

Academic Year 2023/2024

  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: Single cycle degree programme (LMCU) in Medicine and Surgery (cod. 8415)

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course the student has acquired the knowledge on the basic medical evaluation of the main pathologies of the locomotor apparatus, in particular: congenital deformities, growth and degenerative pathologies of adult and old age. The student is able to know the methods of diagnostic study of these pathologies, the main therapeutic options, both conservative and surgical, the principles of diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of traumas involving the musculoskeletal system.

Course contents

1) Introduction to anatomy, histology, embryology 2) Osteopathies and genotypic chondrodysplasias (imperfect osteogenesis) 3) Congenital malformations (vertebral column, myogenic torticollis, congenital dysplasia of the hip, congenital clubfoot) 4) Growth alterations (scoliosis, Scheuermann's m., Spondylolysis-holistesis, epiphysiolysis, apophysiolysis, osteochondrosis, limb dysmetries, vare knees and valgus, flat foot and hollow foot) 5) Infant neuro-muscular alterations (obstetric paralysis, spastic paralysis, poliomyelitis) 6) Changes on a circulatory basis (osteonecrosis, algodystrophy) 7) Articular, tendinous, aponeurotic alterations (arthrosis, scapulohumeral periarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondyloarthritis, pains of discal origin: cervical and lumbar, forefoot deformity) 8) Infectious alterations (osteomyolites, osteo-articular tuberculosis) 9) Endocrine and metabolic alterations (hyperparathyroidism, rickets, osteoporosis, osteomalacia, gout, Paget m.) 10) Tumors and pseudotumoral lesions (classification, diagnosis, staging, therapy, pseudotumoral lesions, metastatic tumors) 11) Traumatic lesions (general principles, therapy, diaphyseal fractures, fractures of the neck of the femur, fractures and vertebral dislocations, lesions of the meniscuses and knee ligaments) 12) General principles of hand and upper limb surgery 13) General principles of physical therapy and rehabilitation


Manuale di Ortopedia e Traumatologia

S. Giannini, C. Faldini, Minerva Medica Editore

Teaching methods


Assessment methods

The final exam is an oral exam in which the student will be asked to discuss a topic taken from the program. During the interview, questions have to verify the degree of in-depth knowledge of the proposed topic and the other topics of the program, the critical ability to connect different knowledge to each other and the achievement of an organic understanding of the topics covered in class. 

The exam will be considered passed if the student demonstrates sufficient knowledge in each topic.

The achievement  of an organic vision of the topics addressed in class, combined with their critical
contextualization,  the demonstration of possession of an expressive command and specific language will be evaluated with marks of excellence. The final mark of the Integrated Course, of which this teaching is part, is the result of the weighted average between the individual modules.

Teaching tools




Office hours

See the website of Cesare Faldini


Good health and well-being Quality education

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.