37245 - Nephrology 2 (A-K)

Academic Year 2023/2024

  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: Single cycle degree programme (LMCU) in Medicine and Surgery (cod. 8415)

Learning outcomes

The student upon completion of this course should be able to know the main kidney disease.Particular attention should be directed to primitive renal abnormalities and renal alterations in course of systemic disease.

The student must have knowledge of the basic elements of epidemiology, pathogenesis, classification, histopathology, clinical, laboratory and instrumental setting, differential diagnosis and therapy of renal disease.

In addition, the student must have acquired a methodology for kidney patient approach and to its management in acute, chronic disease and in terms of follow-up.

Course contents

Nosography of renal disease.

Renal semiotics.

Acid-Base and Electrolytes disorders

General information on glomerular nephropathy:

- glomerular nephropathy classification.

- Pathogenetic mechanisms of Glomerular nephropathy

Nephrotic Syndrome:

- Minimal change disease

- Focal segmental glomeruloslerosis

- Membranous nephropathy

Nephritic Syndrome:

- Post-infectious glomerulonephritis

- IgA nephropathy

Others Glomerular Nephropathies:

- Membranoproliferative GN

- Rapidly progressive GN

Secondary Glomerular Nephropathy I:

- Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

- Diabetic Nephropathy

Secondary Glomerular Nephropathy II:

- Cryoglobulinemic nephropathy

- Kidney and Myeloma

- Amyloidosis glomerular nephropathy


- Polyarteritis nodosa

- ANCA-associated vasculitis

- Immune complex-mediated vasculitis

Thrombotic microangiopathy and Atheroembolic Kidney Disease:

- Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome and Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (HUS/TTP)

- Atheroembolic Kidney Disease

Acute Kidney Injury I:

- Prerenal acute renal failure

- Postrenal acute renal failure

Acute Kidney Injury II:

- Acute Tubular Necrosis

- Acute Cortical Necrosis

Hereditary Kidney Disorders I:

- Polycystic Kidney Disease

- Alport Syndrome

Hereditary Kidney Disorders II:

- Nephronophthisis and Medullary Cystic Kidney Disease

- Medullary Sponge Kidney

- Fabry's Disease

Urinary Tract Infections and Interstitial Nephropathy:

- Urinary Tract Infections

- Acute Pyelonephritis

- Chronic Pyelonephritis

Interstitial Nephropathies by drugs and toxics Nefropaty:

- Immunoallergic diseaseforme immunoallergiche

- Analgesics Nephropathy

Pregnancy and the Kidney

Hypertension and the Kidney I:

- Ischemic Nephropathy

Hypertension and the Kidney II:

- Renovascular Hypertension

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD):

- Definition and staging

- Chronic Kidney Disease Progression

Chronic Kidney Disease:

- Nutrition in CKD

- Bone disorders in CKD

- erythropoiesis alterations in CKD

The Dialysis:

- Hemodialysis

- Peritoneal Dialysis

Kidney Transplantation


Garibotto-Pontremoli, Manuale di Nefrologia, ed Minerva Medica

Updated training materials provided in the completion of the course or available on-line with university username and password at AMS campus-Alma DL-University of Bologna

Teaching methods

Lectures andpatient bed and classroom exercises

Assessment methods

The end-of-course examination is designed to assess the achievement of the following educational objectives:

- To know in detail the pathogenesis and the clinical presentation of the main diseases with primitive or secondary renal involvement.

- To know the main concepts of instrumental diagnostics for the recognition of diseases with renal involvement.

- To know the main concepts of histology and histopathology of treated kidney disease.

- To learn about the essential elements of the treatment of diseases with renal involvement.

The exam will be held in oral form with questions focusing on educational objectives listed above, with the final vote in thirtieths. The final vote of the integrated course is defined on the basis of the average of the grades obtained in questions formulated by Nephrology and Urology exam.

To support the exam, on-line registration is required, respecting the provided deadlines. Those who don't could subscribe within the scheduled date are required to notify promptly to the Lecturers before the examination. Will be faculty of the Lecturer to admit them to the test. Verbalization of the evaluation obtained will takes place at the test itself.

Teaching tools

Lectures and slides

Office hours

See the website of Gaetano La Manna