Academic Year 2022/2023

  • Moduli: Cristian Torri (Modulo 1) Silvia Franzellitti (Modulo 2)
  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures (Modulo 1) Traditional lectures (Modulo 2)
  • Campus: Ravenna
  • Corso: Second cycle degree programme (LM) in Marine Biology (cod. 8857)

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course the student knows the definition of pollution and the main classes of pollutants in the marine environment. For each class of pollutants studied, it is able to assess the extent of contamination and the type of environmental impact of the pollution. Knows the main methodologies used to study the effects of pollutants on marine organisms at the molecular, cellular and individual level. On this basis, it is able to define the best chemical and biological monitoring strategies (through the use of sentinel organisms and stress indices, biomarkers) for assessing the quality of coastal marine environments.

Course contents

  • Introduction to marine pollution: which are the most relevant problems and identify effects on society and the environment.
  • Pollution deriving from organic matter: BOD, COD, organic load
  • Heavy metals: in-depth study of the Minamata Bay case
  • Synthetic organic compounds: Oil spills, persistent pollutants, emerging pollutants, new problems.
  • Plastics and solid waste: Types of materials, properties, effects on the marine environment and possible solutions.
  • Historical examples and topics on request: Case studies and more in-depth discussion on selected topics with students.


Marine Pollution (R. Beiras)

Marine Pollution (R.B Clark)

Scientific Papers

Teaching methods

The course includes lectures, in-depth study of scientific articles and examples of case studies.

Assessment methods

The exam will be oral and will aim to verify the achievement of the main educational objectives. The student must be able to understand the quantitative and qualitative aspects of the various types of pollution treated.

Teaching tools

The lessons will be held with the aid of computer supports for the projection of texts and images. The course slides are usually left available to students at the end of each lesson (using a mailing list created at the beginning of the lessons)

Office hours

See the website of Cristian Torri

See the website of Silvia Franzellitti


Good health and well-being Clean water and sanitation Responsible consumption and production Oceans

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.