13275 - Latin Language (1) (N-Z)

Academic Year 2021/2022

  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: First cycle degree programme (L) in Humanities (cod. 8850)

Learning outcomes

Knowledge to be obtained by the end of the course 1) the student knows elements of phonetics of the Latin language 2) he knows morphology, syntax and basic vocabulary of the Latin language 3) he knows some basic elements of the history of the Latin language aimed to provide a full understanding of the main morphological structures. Skills to be obtained by the end of the course: 1) the student can pronounce the Latin language correctly 2) he can recognize and describe the main morphosyntatic structures 3) he can decline nouns, pronouns, adjectives and conjugate verbs correctly 4) he can translate and analyze previously seen texts.

Course contents


Readings from Seneca's Apocolocyntosis (a detailed list of all passages examined at lesson, and requested for the exam, will be available on Virtuale).


morphology, lexicon, syntax.


from Cornelius Nepos, The viris illustribus: full reading (in the original language) of Praefatio and Vita Attici


vd. Bibliography

Non-attending students are required to read M. Fruyt, Word-Formation in Classical Latin, in A companion to the Latin language, edited by James Clackson, Maiden (MA)-Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell, 2011, pp. 157-175 (available on Virtuale, among the teaching materials).


First semester: OFA students are required to attend basic-level seminars.

Second semester:

  • Online classes on Cornelius Nepos (De viris illustribus: Praefatio and Vita Attici), held by L. Galli, on Thursdays, from February 10, h. 17.00-18.30.
  • Online classes on Latin Basic Syntax, held by C. Valenzano, on Tuesdays, From February 8, h. 13.00-14.30.
To attend the seminars: https://teams.microsoft.com/l/meetup-join/19%3ameeting_ZGJhOTFkMzYtMGJjZS00OTc0LThiYWEtY2JkZGExMjMzZTE1%40thread.v2/0?context=%7b%22Tid%22%3a%22e99647dc-1b08-454a-bf8c-699181b389ab%22%2c%22Oid%22%3a%2221738a95-77a9-4791-b0b5-97566ee005fd%22%7d

First lesson of the course: January 31st



The reference Latin text is that established by R. Roncali (ed.), L. Annaei Senecae Apocolocyntosis, Leipzig 1990; the sections to be translated will be available on Virtuale. An edition with Latin text and Italian translation can be useful: cf. e.g. Seneca, La clemenza. Apocolocyntosis. Epigrammi. Frammenti, a cura di L. De Biasi, A.M. Ferrero, E. Malaspina, D. Vottero, Torino (UTET) 2009; Seneca, Apocolocyntosis, a cura di G. Vannini, Milano (Mondadori) 2008; Seneca, L’apoteosi negata, a cura di R. Roncali, Venezia (Marsilio) 1989, 20017; Seneca, Apocolocyntosis, a cura di R. Mugellesi, Milano (BUR) 1996; Seneca, Apokolokyntosis. La deificazione della zucca, a cura di G. Focardi, Firenze (Giunti) 1995.

In addition to the sections read and analyzed during the lessons, students are required to read the whole work in Italian translation.



 I. Dionigi – E. Riganti – L. Morisi, Il latino, Bari, Laterza 2011, or Verba et res. Morfosintassi e lessico del latino, 2 voll., Bari, Laterza, 1999.

A. Traina – G. Bernardi Perini, Propedeutica al latino universitario, Bologna, Pàtron, 1995, capp. I-VI (on peculiar topics of phonetics, morphology, syntax)



 Cornelius Nepos, De viris illustribus: as for Praefatio and Vita Attici are concerned, a translation into Italian, with commentary on grammar will be available among the teaching material.



Students are required to rean one for the following essays:

  • F. Biddau, Le incongruenze nell'“Apocolocintosi” di Seneca, "Hermes" 144.1, 2016, pp. 97-108.
  • K. Winter, Disturbingly (Dis)Similar. Narcissus and Claudius in Seneca, "Apocolocyntosis" 13, "Mnemosyne" 72, 2019, pp. 300-313.
  • A.N. Michalopoulos, Mocking the (Disabled) Dead: Seneca's Claudius in the "Apocolocyntosis", "ICS" 43.2, 2018, pp. 459-472.

Teaching methods

Lecture is the teaching approach adopted for the special focus course; interactive lessons are used in the seminars: here the students are more active participants to the learning process, which includes exercises and periodical tests.

Assessment methods

The exam has two parts:

- a written multiple choice Latin test, performed on the computer, concerning morphology and elemets of syntax.

N.B. The written test is compulsory and must be overcome before the oral exam of Lingua Latina. A negative mark prevents from accessing to the viva voce examination. The test remains valid for 6 months. The test is passed with 18/30.

- A viva voce examination: the students will be tested in Latin phonetics, morphology and syntax through the reading and translation of the Latin texts dealt with in class and listed in the program.

- the exam cannot be divided into parts.

Assessment guidelines:

- failing grades:lack of basic linguistic knowledge (phonetics, morphology, basic syntax) and inability to produce a correct translation and a correct interpretation of the texts.

- passing grades: proficiency in the basic linguistic skills; translation and interpretation of texts mostly correct, but inaccurate and lacking in autonomy.

- positive grades: language proficiency at an intermediate level; translation and interpretation of the texts fully correct, but not always accurate and autonomous.

- excellent grades: language proficiency at an upper-mid level; translation and interpretation of the texts not only correct but performed with autonomy and precision.

N.B. The assessment methods, and in particular the written test, may be modified if requested by the Covid emergency

Teaching tools

1. Online teaching materials (e.g. slides)
2. Seminars (cf. course content) aimed to the introduction to the bases of the Latin language (phonetics, morphology and syntax) and to the texts belonging to the program (Cornelius Nepos).

3. Latin Video lessons, available at the following link: https://virtuale.unibo.it/course/view.php?id=34645

Office hours

See the website of Luigi Pirovano


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