27928 - Laboratory (1) (LM) (G.C)

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

At the end of the seminar students will learn about the problems related to the edition and digital marking (XLM/TEI) of literary texts, with particular attention to the texts and commentary and will be able to use them to describe the structural components of a text among those proposed during the exercises: skills necessary for the evolution of philology and publishing in the digital world.


Course contents

The digital text: theory and practice - 6 CFU

The course is addressed to students of the Master's Degree in Italian Studies.

The laboratory will be held intensively from January 31st to February 25th.

1 (Prof. Italia) 31 January 16.15-18.30 Laboratory 2, via Zamboni 34

2 (Prof. Italia) 2 February 16.15-18.30 Laboratory 2, via Zamboni 34

3 (Dr. Nava) 3 February 16.15-18.30 Laboratory 2, via Zamboni 34

4 (Dr. Nava) 7 February 16.15-18.30 Laboratory 2, via Zamboni 34

5 (Dr. Nava) 9 February 16.15-18.30 Laboratory 2, via Zamboni 34

A second part of the laboratory will be held on Teams:

1) (Dr. Nava - online) Friday 11 February 15.00-18.00 Teams

2) (Dr. Nava - online) Monday 14 February 15.00-18.00 Teams

3) (Dr. Nava - online) Friday 18 February 15.00-18.00 Teams

4) (Dr. Nava - online) Monday 21 February 15.00-18.00 Teams

5) (Dr. Nava - online) Friday 25 February 15.00-18.00 Teams

HOW TO REGISTER: Registration takes place by sending an email with your CV (in European format, indicating the exams taken, with marks; the mark obtained in the exams of L FIL LET 10 and 13 will be considered preferential) to beatrice.nava2@unibo.it. Please also indicate your enrollment year before the course in your study plan, so as to check the availability of residual places.

NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS: Given the laboratory character, 30 participants will be selected among the candidates.


The laboratory aims to provide basic tools for understanding the mechanisms of production of a digital text, focusing on standard marking languages for text encoding, above all, on XML / TEI, with attention to the various possible marking levels and , in particular, to the philological one.


The state of the art in the field of digital editions and archives of literary texts will be presented, with particular reference to the field of Digital Scholarly Editions, in order to reflect on the ways in which literary texts can be produced, maintained and used in a digital environment. An analysis of the ecdotical paradigms most represented today and of the future prospects of digital textuality will be carried out, with particular attention to the philological and critical aspects.
The concept of digital edition as opposed to digitization will be addressed, with an in-depth examination of the themes of encoding and marking languages, with a specific focus on the XML standard and the TEI vocabulary.
The XML/TEI encoding of a literary or critical text will also be proposed, by means of choral exercises and autonomous work supervised by the didactic tutor. Finally, students will design a simple theoretical model of encoding, supplementary or alternative to the one presented in the lecture.


The course includes 15 hours of frontal lessons with exercises (HTML and XML/TEI coding) and 15 hours of autonomous coding work, supervised by the tutor, who is available for clarification and support.
The first part of the course will be dedicated to the theoretical introduction to the topics listed below, the second part will allow to put into practice the knowledge and skills acquired, through the design of an encoding model and the production of a valid and well-formed XML/TEI file of a literary or critical text.


- The digital text, from text to hypertext, overview of digital editions and archives, criticality and potential of digital scientific editions (issues of durability, sustainability, scientificity, evaluation criteria)
- The concept of encoding, markup languages (HTML, SGML, XML), DTD and XMLschema
- The TEI vocabulary and the different possible coding levels (with special attention to the philological aspect)
- Design of an encoding model



Suggested reading (not required to pass the exam, which will focus on the topics covered in class and the verification of coding work done):

P. Italia, Editing Duemila, Salerno, Rome, 2020.

T. Mancinelli-E. Pierazzo, Che cosa è l’edizione scientifica digitale, Carocci, Rome, 2019.

M. Zaccarello, Leggere senza libri, Cesati, Florence, 2020.

T. Numerico, D. Fiormonte, F. Tomasi [https://library.oapen.org/handle/20.500.12657/25504], Brooklyn, puntum books, 2015 (Introduction, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, Conclusions)]



Guidelines Tei http://www.tei-c.org/Guidelines/P5/, TEI by Examples (tutorial and exercises TEI) https://teibyexample.org/TBE.htm

Teaching methods

Frontal lessons, php, projections, VIRTUALE integrated materials.

Assessment methods

Oral interview aimed at verifying:

- knowledge and understanding of the topics covered during the course
- XML/TEI file of the text encoded according to the scheme proposed during the lessons
- realization of a supplementary or additional theoretical encoding scheme.

NB: the .xml file and the encoding scheme must be sent to the tutor at least 4 days before the date of the exam.

Teaching tools

Teaching tools

Face-to-face classes lessons, php, Php, all lessons will be recorded and uploaded in Virtuale.

Office hours

See the website of Paola Maria Carmela Italia [https://www.unibo.it/sitoweb/paola.italia/en]


Office hours

See the website of Paola Maria Carmela Italia


Quality education

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.