26119 - International Contracts and Legal Harmonization

Academic Year 2021/2022

  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures
  • Campus: Ravenna
  • Corso: First cycle degree programme (L) in Legal Consultant in Business and Public Administration (cod. 9242)

    Also valid for Single cycle degree programme (LMCU) in Law (cod. 9233)
    Single cycle degree programme (LMCU) in Law (cod. 9233)

Learning outcomes

The student is familiar with the clauses and models most commonly used in the field of international business transactions, as well as with the most relevant supranational legal instruments setting forth uniform or harmonized rules in this field. He/she is capable of understanding, negotiating and drafting international contracts. He/she makes well-grounded judgements about the choice of the applicable law and/or the choice of the model clauses applied to a given transaction. He/she possesses a sound knowledge of the technical legal terminology used in the field of international contracts and legal harmonization. He/she possesses the skills necessary to effectively commit himself/herself to continuous, autonomous update of his/her knowledge.

Course contents

NOTE: although the course will be held in English, no specific linguistic skills are required. The course may be attended also by students with a limited knowledge of English.

Topics: 1. Sources of International contracts. - 2. Alternative disputes resolution - 3. International arbitration - 4. Domestic litigation. - 5. Negotiation and formation of an international contract and precontractual liability. - 6. Contract performance, representation and warranties, liability and relevant clauses. - 7. Termination and remedies for breach of contract. - 8. International sale of goods and CISG - 9. International supply contracts - 10. International license contracts and other relevant IP agreements - 11. Joint ventures.

During the course peculiar attention will be granted to contract drafting and to the relevant main issues.

Please NOTE: the course incorporates the seminar of "Legal translation and comparison within international contracts". Attending students will be informed about the relevant educational material. The seminar includes activities whereby students are challenged to deal with peculiar issues of the legal translation and comparison within the field of international contracts.


F. Bortolotti, Il Contratto internazionale - Manuale teorico/pratico, II edizione, Cedam, Padova, 2017, pp. 3-400.

Or, alternatively:

A. Busani, Il contratto di compravendita internazionale, Giappichelli, Torino, 2015.

Or, alternatively: Aldo Frignani, Marco Torsello, Il contratto internazionale. Diritto comparato e prassi commerciale, Cedam, Padova, 2010 (Capp. VII- XVII).

Note: specific educational material will be available to attending students

Teaching methods

Interactive lessons, analysis and drfating of model clauses and contracts.

Assessment methods

Oral exam for non-attending students. 

Attending students will be granted ad hoc final exam.

The students’ knowledge is assessed through a discussion, to evaluate the actual achievement of the learning outcomes. The exam consists in an interview with the appointed commission on the topics included in the programme.

The assessment will take into account the knowledge of the relevant institutional framework, the ability to analyse the issues related to international contracts and, to single out connections between the relevant topics, to critical reasoning, as well as the clarity of presentation and critical thinking.

NOTE: linguistic skills do not affect the outcome of the final exam

Teaching tools

Educational material will be uploaded and made available in ad hoc e-learning space, as well as slides related to the main topics dealt with during the course.

Students with disabilities or with specific learning disorders (DSA), needing compensatory measures, shall inform the Professor in order to arrange the adoption of adequate means. 

Office hours

See the website of Laura Maria Franciosi


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This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.