84663 - Neuropathophysiology 7 (Critical Care)

Academic Year 2021/2022

  • Docente: Fabio Pizza
  • Credits: 1
  • SSD: MED/26
  • Language: Italian
  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: First cycle degree programme (L) in Neurophysiopathology techniques (cod. 8482)

Learning outcomes

To acquire the knowledge and the ability to understand electrophysiological changes during Neurosurgery interventions.

Course contents

- Usefulness of the neurophysiopathology methods applied in neurosurgery: history, clinical impact, future perspectives

- Somatosensory evoked potentials (by stimulation of median nerve, of posterior tibial nerve, technical variables, applicability, warning criteria, phase reversal)

- Motor evoked potentials (transcranial electrical stimulation - TES; single-stimulus technique - eMEPs; stimulus-train technique -mMEPs; combined use eMEP / mMEPs; warning criteria; direct cortical stimulation techniques)

- Acoustic evoked potentials (generators, pathophysiology of intraoperative modifications, auditory function monitoring)

- Other methods (EMG free run, triggered EMG, nerve action potential, brainstem mapping, non-selective spinal cord stimulation methods)

- Hypothesis of intraoperative protocols (spinal surgery, subtentorial surgery, supratentorial surgery)


Principles of Neurophysiological Assessment, Mapping, and Monitoring 2014 edition published by Springer (2013) Paperback. Alan David Kaye and Scott Francis Davis.

Teaching methods

Lessons with use of powerpoint

Assessment methods

Written exam with multiple choice questions

Teaching tools

Slide summary

Office hours

See the website of Fabio Pizza


Good health and well-being

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.