37243 - Nephrology 1 (A-K)

Academic Year 2021/2022

  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: Single cycle degree programme (LMCU) in Medicine and Surgery (cod. 8415)

Learning outcomes

The course aims to provide the student with the essential elements to the theoretical and practical general knowledge of the major primitive and secondary diseases and syndromes involving a medical point of view, the kidneys and the excretory pathways with the aim of providing the elements Synthetic for: - a correct methodological and notional approach; - a characterization of pathogenesis and histological-morphological framework; - Acquiring clinical cadres and knowledge of prevention, differential diagnosis, clinical course, decision making and possible complications. At the end of the course, the student knows the basics of the major neurological diseases in their acute phase and the biochemical, instrumental and clinical investigations necessary for their diagnosis and treatment. Thanks to the participation in programmed placements and single-course elective courses, at the end of the course the student has theoretical-practical bases for the recognition of the type of pathology by evaluating symptoms, clinical signs, laboratory and instrumental examinations.

Course contents

Nosography of renal disease.

Renal semiotics.

General information on glomerular nephropathy

- glomerular nephropathy classification.

- Pathogenetic mechanisms of Glomerular nephropathy

Nephrotic Syndrome

- Minimal change disease

- Focal segmental glomeruloslerosis

- Membranous nephropathy

Nephritic Syndrome

- Post-infectious glomerulonephritis

- IgA nephropathy

Others Glomerular Nephropathies

- Membranoproliferative GN

- Rapidly progressive GN

Secondary Glomerular Nephropathy I

- Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

- Diabetic Nephropathy

Secondary Glomerular Nephropathy II

- Cryoglobulinemic nephropathy

- Kidney and Myeloma

- Amyloidosis glomerular nephropathy

Urinary Tract Infections and Interstitial Nephropathy

- Urinary Tract Infections

- Acute Pyelonephritis

- Chronic Pyelonephritis

Pregnancy and kidney

Acute Kidney Injury I

- Prerenal acute renal failure

- Postrenal acute renal failure

Acute Kidney Injury I

- Acute Tubular Necrosis

- Acute Cortical Necrosis

Hereditary Kidney Disorders I

- Polycystic Kidney Disease

- Alport Syndrome

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

- Definition and staging

- Chronic Kidney Disease Progression

Chronic Kidney Disease

- Nutrition in CKD

- Bone disorders in CKD

- erythropoiesis alterations in CKD

The Dialysis

- Hemodialysis

- Peritoneal Dialysis

Kidney Transplant



Garibotto-Pontremoli, Manuale di Nefrologia, ed Minerva Medica

Teaching methods

Lectures with slides frontal / online lessons according to the indications that will be provided by the academic secretariat.

Possibility of frequency department for insights of some procedures (dialysis with a visit to the ward and kidney transplant with a visit to intensive care nephrology)

Assessment methods

oral examination

To support the exam, on-line registration is required, respecting the provided deadlines. Those who don't could subscribe within the scheduled date are required to notify promptly to the Lecturers before the examination. Will be faculty of the Lecturer to admit them to the test. Verbalization of the evaluation obtained will takes place at the test itself.


Preparation on a very limited number of topics covered in the course and analytical skills that emerge only with the help of the teacher, expression in a generally correct language → 18-19;

Preparation on a limited number of topics covered in the course and ability to autonomous analysis only on purely executive matters, expression in correct language → 20-24;

Preparation on a large number of topics covered in the course, ability to make independent choices of critical analysis, mastery of specific terminology → 25-29;

Basically exhaustive preparation on the topics covered in the course, ability to make autonomous choices of critical analysis and connection, full mastery of specific terminology and ability to argue and self-reflection → 30-30L.

Teaching tools

The slides of the lessons will be inserted on Alma Campus and will be an aid to support the preparation of the student

Office hours

See the website of Paola Todeschini


Good health and well-being

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.