Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Affordable and clean energy Sustainable cities Climate Action

Academic Year 2022/2023

Learning outcomes

The module provides the technical basics for understanding the main technical requirements for accomplishing the paradigm of climate neutral cities and the concept and functions of energy communities. At the end of the course students are able to understand the role played by energy communities in a climate neutral city, with particular focus on the requirements posed by the EU Clean Energy Package, and own the fundamentals of the economy of electric power systems, of electricity tariffication and of international and national standards relevant to the electric energy sector.

Course contents

The course is divided into two parts:

1. Structure of the electrical systems and its evolution from the origins to the modern smart grid. Main key technical issues relevant to the operation and control of modern electric power systems able to supply smart cities including energy communities and ground transportation.

2. Renewables integration in the Electric Power System and relevant technical issues. Smart grids: main technical features. Smart Cities: definition and relevant sub-systems.The EU Mission 'Climate Neutral and Smart Cities". The Smart Grid as the main enabler for the implementation of the Smart City paradigm. Energy Communities.


Lecture notes and teaching materials (https://iol.unibo.it/).

Teaching methods

Traditional university lectures (chalk and board, power point slides, videoclips), interactive exercises with students, plus blended learning in case Covid 19 will pose limitations.

Assessment methods

Oral closed-book final exam (exam schedules at https://almaesami.unibo [https://almaesami.unibo.it/].it [https://almaesami.unibo.it/] ).

The final grade is defined on the basis of the partial grades reported after answering some three specific questions on topics related to the contents of the course.

No intermediate/partial tests are foreseen.

Teaching tools

Chalk and Board, Power Point Slides and Multi Media Material.

Office hours

See the website of Carlo Alberto Nucci