73449 - Drawing T (A-K) (L-Z)

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Quality education

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

At the end of the module the student has mastery of the methods and techniques of representation, indispensable for exploring the different ways of graphic and visual representation. Through the survey of existing artefacts the student develops the appropriate prefiguring and univocal identification of new forms, preparatory to product design and its image, for dissemination and communication purposes.

Course contents

The course is split into two modules that proceed in parallel: module 1 aims to develop knowledge of technical drawing for the communication of design products, module 2 aims to resume and deepen the knowledge of how to correctly represent geometric shapes through descriptive geometry.

Contents of Module 1

  1. The drawing for the designer
  2. Exercises for manual drawing skills (gesture and sign)
  3. Drawing tools: technical drawings
  4. The basics of projective systems and orthogonal projections in the technical drawing and in the survey (eidotype)
  5. Designing a graphic output: arrangement of contents in the layout, standards and conventions
  6. Standards and conventions (in-depth studies and special cases)
  7. Rendering techniques

Contents of Module 2

  1. Orthogonal projections (representation of fundamental geometric entities, parallelism, orthogonality, belonging, straight line of maximum slope, tilting)
  2. axonometry (types, scale and axonometric units).
  3. perspective (representation of fundamental geometrical entities)


Two texts are needed for the examination:

Mario Docci, Diego Maestri, Marco Gaiani (2017). Scienza del disegno. UTET Università

Riccardo Migliari (2003). Geometria dei Modelli - Rappresentazione grafica e informatica per l’architettura e per il design. Edizioni Kappa.

In addition to these, specific in-depth readings will be indicated from time to time in class.

In order to sit the exam, it is essential to carefully study the lecture notes that will be uploaded onto the Virtual platform https://virtuale.unibo.it/.

In order to access this content, you must enrol in the course

Teaching methods

The adopted method for the development of students' skills is based on the combination of lectures / drawing training. Students will be guided in the process of learning the graphic and regulatory codes of the representation and surveying of design products - technical aspect -, and then develop a personal character in the quick sketch aimed at defining the project and rendering - expressive aspect -.

To develop these skills it is necessary that each student always leads to class and to the final exam:

- an A4 format album with rings and a hard cover (strictly white sheets without lines or squares) to redraw what projected and / or drawn on the blackboard and to create the eidotypes of the object chosen for the final exercise.

- a packet of A3 sheets (strictly white sheets without squaring, smooth finish) with descriptive geometry exercises

- A1 format tables describing the chosen object. The possible continuation of the limitations imposed by the COVID-19 may require a change of format to make easier both the creation of technical drawings and their digitization in case of revisions through the Teams platform.

- the object chosen for the final exercise

Assessment methods

The student's degree of learning is assessed on the basis of 3 criteria:

  1. Ability of interpretation and formal and conceptual understanding of the chosen object (function, use, symbolic and expressive status of the object)
  2. Mastery of the technical codes of the representation: correct use of the graphic and normative tools that allow the transmission of the technical contents of the project (measurements, parts, moving elements, view and section elements, etc.).
  3. Ability to represent the apparent features of the object

The presence at the lessons and at the laboratory activity are fundamental to bring to maturation the necessary works for the exam that consist in the representation of a product chosen by the student. The graphic drawings must be carried out on white boards in A1 format and are as follows (or other formats depending on the necessities):

Drawing 1: Description of the object (to be defined and reviewed with the teachers of the photography and modelling module).

Drawing 2: Prospectuses and dimensioned sections of the object as it is (assembled and broken down into its various parts)

Drawing 3: Prospectuses and listed sections of the individual elements that make up the chosen product.

Drawing 4: Exploded axonometric

Drawing 5: Assonometry

Drawing 6: Perspective with material rendering

The drawings, to be carried out both in the classroom and at home, are to be reviewed periodically.

The exercises are individual

Teaching tools

Official communications and teaching materials will be sent and made available through the https://virtuale.unibo.it/ platform.

Each student is required to access the "Drawing T (L-Z)" course using their official credentials in order to communicate with the lecturer and to download (images, drawings, photographs) that may be of help in learning or necessary for carrying out the exercises.

On the basis of the evolution of COVID-19, the development of the lessons may require the use of the Teams platform for both the lectures and the reviews.

Office hours

See the website of Filippo Fantini