Foto del docente

Stefania Pellegrini

Full Professor

Department of Legal Studies

Academic discipline: IUS/20 Philosophy of Law


Keywords: conflict mafia and antimafia litigation Professional Ethic ADR

The ethic of legal profession.

The sociological approach to the dispute theory.

The civil litigation.

The Alternative Dispute Resolution.

The family dispute.

Professional ethics have been usually considered as a kind of "special" ethics in distinction, and sometimes in opposition, to "general" ethics. Professional ethics are
plural, in that each profession (or group of professions) often feels the need for an ethical code; it is nonetheless possible to single out professional ethics (in the
singular) as the discipline that investigates the ethical doctrines and concepts common to different professions. The unifying ground is provided by the notion of "role
morality" viewed in its uneasy relations to what is generally called the "system" of common morality - in particular, on its relations to the "moral dilemmas" which
could arise because of the incompatibility of the "particularistic" moral duties related to professions and the general ("universal") duties of common morality.
"Common morality" is "common" in two sense: it is ordinary or everyday, in the sense that the precepts of common morality are widely recognized and understood
across all orders of society; and it is universal, in the sense that the precepts of common morality lay claim to apply to everyone. Otherwise, the problem of role
morality arises when role-related duties do have counterparts outside the role, and these counterparts clash with role obligations. The basic question is: Which
morality is more fundamental, common morality or role morality? This is a crucial question in light of the fact that, on the one hand, every culture acknowledges a
core of universal moral rules which apply to all of us regardless of our social position, and, on the other hand, every society contains recognized social roles with
their own unique duties. So, if role morality takes precedence, then how can we ever criticize professionals for doing what their job demands? But if common morality
takes precedence, how can other people - i.e., clients - ever rely on professionals to do their job?

The study of mafie and the different sociale and territorial context. It'is important aòlso stydy the differest way to fight against mafia: started to the judiciary and legal ways fighting mafia