Foto del docente

Mariangela Vandini

Associate Professor

Department of Cultural Heritage

Academic discipline: FIS/07 Applied Physics

Director of Single Cycle Degree of Conservation and restoration of cultural heritage

Research

1) Study and conservation of works of art and historical buildings: The research aims at studying structures and decorations as a tool for conservation, with the objective of developing diagnostic and restoration methods specifically designed for this type of works of art.

2) Study of ancient glass: The objective of the research is to deepen the knowledge of the ancient glass materials and of its production techniques by the historical research on the glass production mainly in the Mediterranean area and by physical and chemical investigation techniques.

3) Archaeometrical study of archaeological materials: The knowledge of the chemical and physical properties of the archaeological materials, both natural and artificial, can give important information on the raw materials employed for their production, on their provenance and could allow to discriminate sites and chronology of production. 



1) Study and conservation of works of art and historical buildings. This research represents a fundamental support to conservation interventions on historical buildings, archaeological and artistic heritage and to plan the environments destined to cultural heritage preservation and valorization. The main objectives concern:
-  intervention methodologies for the documentation, conservation, re-qualification and valorization of historical buildings and their decorations, and of the archaeological sites for the optimization of the interventions, also aimed at managing sites destined to public fruition;
- preventive conservation aimed at the definition of monitoring protocols and verification of the preservation conditions of sites, structures and decorations
- monitoring, preventive maintenance and conservation interventions of artworks, in monuments, historical buildings, museums, of mural paintings and decorations, with particular attention to the preservation history of the artworks.

2) Study of ancient glass: The objective of the research is to deepen the knowledge of the ancient glass materials and of its production techniques by the historical research on the glass production mainly in the Mediterranean area and by physical and chemical investigation techniques. In particular, mosaic glasses represent the wider set of coloured glasses produced in antiquity and the previous studies put into the evidence the difficulties in analysing the chemical and physical properties of a such complicated material. Glass-making is a very sophisticated skill and the contribution given by the chemical analyses of glass materials is fundamental for the classification of glass types and for identifying compositional groups according to consistent characteristics that can be associated with chronological and geographical differentiations. Furthermore, the scientific investigations are very important in understanding the deterioration mechanisms. The research aims at: define classification criteria as a function of site and chronology of production; create a database with the information of historical, archaeological and chemical-physical character; individuate the main causes of glass deterioration, relating them to the glass durability and to the specific conservation environment.

3) Archaeometrical study of archaeological materials: The knowledge of the chemical and physical properties of the archaeological materials, both natural and artificial, can give important information on the raw materials employed for their production, on their provenance and could allow to discriminate sites and chronology of production. The study of the archaeological materials is supported by the scientific methods: the knowledge bout their chemical nature is a tool to support archaeological evidences about chronology and provenance of the artefact. Besides, the scientific investigations could reveal false objects and recognize interventions and modification to which an object could have been subjected after its retrieval. In addition, the analyses of the decay product could give precise indications on the conservation interventions and on the appropriate conditions for a better conservation of the findings.