1. Building and industrial waste carry out
great disposal problems. The use of these materials, combined with
matrix with suitable properties and new technologies, allows the
production of new eco-sustainable composite materials with even
higher characteristics compared to the traditional ones.
2. Ceramic and polymeric materials and their
composites are studied for advances use in buildings and industrial
Diagnostics for architectural restoration: materials employed in
ancient architecture and their decay are studied with the aim of
1. Fiber reinforced and particulate composites (at micro- and
nano-scale) with polymeric and cementitous matrix and their civil
and industrial engineering applications are studied. In these
fields the growing production of by-products with different
physical and mechanical properties is causing relevant and
expensive disposal issues. Hence, the overall sustainability of
industrial and building processes is compromised. Different cases
have shown how the combined reuse of civil and industrial waste may
allow the identification of appropriate new technologies for the
production of high performance composite. In Italy the overall
waste quantity from demolition and construction exceeds 48 Mt/year
and it can lead to materials with even better performances compared
to the traditional ones. Advanced methodologies to assess a
quantitative sustainability of design processes and the use of
materials in constructions are also studied.
2. Ceramic, polymeric and composite materials in
constructions and mechanical applications are studied in order to
optimize their characteristics in different processes related to
the industries demands.
3. Materials employed in the ancient architecture and
their transformation products are studied by means of destructive
and non-destructive diagnostic techniques. Diagnostic outcomes are
valued for materials restoration, conservation and, at the same
time, ensure a higher reversibility of retrofits.