Foto del docente

Stefano Goffredo

Associate Professor

Department of Biological, Geological, and Environmental Sciences

Academic discipline: BIO/07 Ecology

Coordinator of PhD Programme of Innovative Technologies and Sustainable Use of Mediterranean Sea Fishery and Biological Resources (FishMed-PhD)


Keywords: Biodiversity monitoring; Biomineralization; Bioreactor; Citizen Science; Coral ecology and biology; Demography, growth rates and population dynamics; Education; Effects of natural and anthropogenic disturbances on coral reef communities; Global climate change and its effect on temperate and tropical coral-reef communities; Marine conservation monitoring; Marine mineralization; Microgravity; Morphology of gametogenesis; Planula larval behaviour and metamorphosis; Population genetic structure and connectivity; Recreational activities; Scientific literacy and naturalistic awareness; Sexual and asexual reproduction; Sustainable tourism; Temperate and tropical corals and their relationships with environmental factors; The use of contemporary corals in predictive models concerning with global climate change; Volunteers in research;



Coral ecology and biology : demography, growth rates and population dynamics patterns in temperate and tropical corals and their relationships with environmental factors; growth and population dynamics modeling; the role of boring organisms in bioerosion of corals and coral reefs; effects of natural and anthropogenic disturbances on coral reef communities; modular growth and predictable patterns of colony and population growth; sexual and asexual reproduction; population genetic structure and connectivity; planula larval behaviour and metamorphosis; morphology of gametogenesis; reef community structure; life history strategies; conservation ecology and management of coral reef; global climate change and its effect on temperate and tropical coral-reef communities; the use of contemporary corals in predictive models concerning with global climate change; biomineralization.


Citizen Science : university research, industry, and policy interdisciplinary interactions; international cooperation; volunteers in research; marine conservation monitoring; sustainable tourism; biodiversity monitoring, recreational activities, education, scientific literacy and naturalistic awareness.


Biomineralization and Microgravity : biomaterials for biomimetic scaffolds; biomineralized tissues; biomineralizing organisms; biominerals; calcification; corals; genetic and environmental control on biomineralization; marine mineralization; material research; mechanical and biogenic properties of biomaterials; porosity; space bioreactor.

RESEARCHES (please also visit


 Coral Ecology and Biology


CoralWarm. Corals and global warming: the Mediterranean versus the Red Sea ( )


In collaboration with Prof. Zvy Dubinsky (Bar Ilan University) and Prof. Giuseppe Falini (Chemistry Department, University of Bologna). Project funded by ERC: the European Research Council (IDEAS program-FP7, European Commission, EU).


CoralWarm will generate for the first time projections of temperate and subtropical coral survival by integrating sublethal temperature increase effects on metabolic and skeletal processes in Mediterranean and Red Sea key species. CoralWarm unique approach is from the nano- to the macro-scale, correlating molecular events to environmental processes. This will show new pathways to future investigations on cellular mechanisms linking environmental factors to final phenotype, potentially improving prediction powers and paleoclimatological interpretation. Biological and chemical expertise will merge, producing new interdisciplinary approaches for ecophysiology and biomineralization. Field transplantations will be combined with controlled experiments under IPCC scenarios. Corals will be grown in aquaria, exposing the Mediterranean species native to cooler waters to higher temperatures, and the Red Sea ones to gradually increasing above ambient warming seawater. Virtually all state-of-the-art methods will be used, by uniquely combining the investigators' expertise. Expected results include responses of algal symbionts' photosynthesis, host, symbiont and holobiont respiration, biomineralization rates and patterns, including colony architecture, and reproduction to temperature and pH gradients and combinations. Integration of molecular aspects of potential replacement of symbiont clades, changes in skeletal crystallography, with biochemical and physiological aspects of temperature response, will lead to a novel mechanistic model predicting changes in coral ecology and survival prospect. High-temperature tolerant clades and species will be revealed, allowing future bioremediation actions and establishment of coral refuges, saving corals and coral reefs for future generations

Citizen Science


DUE: Divers United for the Environment - Mediterranean Underwater Biodiversity Project (


Project Funded by PADI (, SCUBAPRO (, Confcommercio - Imprese per l'Italia (, National Geographic Expedition - Kel 12 Tour Operator - (; in collaboration with ANSA (


Main Objectives:

- Involve divers in the collection of data on the marine biodiversity

- Promote environmental education

- Promote the development of sustainable tourism

- Give an additional value to recreational dives


Microgravity biomineralization


Topical Team: space bioreactor for marine mineralization material research (SpaceBioMat)

In collaboration with Prof. Zvy Dubinsky ( Faculty of Life Sciences , Bar Ilan University), Prof. Giuseppe Falini (Chemistry Department, University of Bologna), and Jaap Kaandorp ( Section Computational Science, University of Amsterdam ). Project funded by ESA: European Space Agency.



Goal: the development of an orbiting aquatic biomineralization research module (the space bioreactor). The module shall provide a unique possibility to investigate the micro-morphology of biominerals and gene expression patterns (transcriptomics experiments) under low gravity conditions, and the process by which the cells sense gravity-induced changes in their local environment. Several non-academic and academic partners are involved.