Full professor of Philosophy of Science, University of Bologna (since 1998).
Full Professor, University of Trieste (1994-1998).
Associate Professor, University of Bologna (1982-1994).
Researcher in Philosophy, University of Bologna (1975-1982).
Other academic positions:
Associate Researcher of the Centre for Philosophy of the Natural and Social Sciences (CPNSS) of LSE.
Member of the Scientific Committee of the Réseau national des Maisons des Sciences de l’Homme (2016-2018).
Life Member of the Center for the Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh (since 1990).
Life Member of Clare Hall College, Cambridge (since 1998).
Member of the Leopoldina Nationale Akademie der Wissenschaften (since 2014).
Member of the Accademia Nazionale di Scienze, Lettere e Arti di Modena (since 2013).
Member of the scientific committee of the Centre "Federico Stella" for Criminal justice and policy (CSGP) of the Catholic University of Milan since its foundation in 2009.
Member of the editorial board of “Erkenntnis”, “European Journal for the Philosophy of Science”, and “Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook”.
Member of the Scientific Committee of the Vienna International Summer University (VISU) since its constitution (2002).
International cooperation partner of the PhD Programme "The Sciences in Historical, Philosophical and Cultural Contexts", University of Vienna.
Member of the Steering Committee of the European Philosophy of Science Association (EPSA) from 2006 to 2011.
Director of CIRESS (Interdisciplinary Research Centre of History and Philosophy of Science; University of Bologna) from 2006 to 2011.
Coordinator of the European Science Foundation Network on “Historical and contemporary perspectives of the philosophy of science in Europe” (2000-2003).
Chair of the European Science Foundation Scientific Networking Programme “The Philosophy of Science in Europe” (2008-2013).
Member of the Executive Board of ICSU - International Council for Science (2011-2014).
1st vice-President of the Division of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science of the International Union for History and Philosophy of Science (2011-2015).
Co-editor with Friedrich Stadler of the series The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective published by Springer, and co-editor with Dennis Dieks and Wenceslao J. Gonzalez of the series European Studies in Philosophy of Science, published by Springer.
Visiting fellow, Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI), Stanford University (1984, 2 months; plus many short visits afterwards).
Visiting Fellow, Center for the Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh (full academic year 1989-90).
Visiting Fellow, Department of Philosophy, Princeton University (1991, Fall term).
Bologna-Clare Hall Visiting Fellow, affiliated to the Department of History and Philosophy of Science, Cambridge University (Lent term 1998).
Visiting Fellow, Centre for Time, University of Sydney (2004, 1 month).
Visiting Fellow, Centre for Time, University of Sydney (2004, 1 mese). Visiting Scholar, Centre for the Foundations of Science, University of Sydney (2012, 2014, 2016, 1 month).