Institutional Research project post
1/10/2000 (MURST- RFO ex
AY. 2000/2001, initial personal financial support to local
AY. 2000/2001-2001/2002, Relationships between ancient
environmental dynamics and minor climate oscillations in
Emilia-Romagna anthropogenic settings (sci. resp. : Prof. M.L.
AY. 2002/2003-2003/2004, Geomorphology of Emilia-Romagna urban
settings (resp.: M.L. Scarin);
AY. 2004/2005-2005/2006-(2006/2007), Geomorphic and
stratigraphic settings of the Po River crevasse event at Ficarolo
and its historical-topographic implications (resp.: Prof. M.L.
AY. 2003/2004-2004/2005, Brackish water uprising in
Emilia-Romagna alluvial plain. (sci. resp.: S. Cremonini);
AY. 2006/2007, (Continuation of “Ficarolo Po crevasse“
study) and three permanent research lines on Po plain
geomorphology (group: Prof. M.L. Scarin);
AY. 2007/2008, Three permanent research lines concerning: A)
plain river network evolution; B) Holocene stratigraphy and
geoarchaeology; C) tectonic activity and palin areas
surficial deformations (group:G. Giorgi).
A.Y. 2008/2009: studies concerning the coastal areas and
palaeodeltas morphological units in the regional environment.
2009/2010: studies concerning the Adriatic Sea coastal area
resulting from pregeodetic maps georeferencing. Analysis of
geoarchaeological sites from pedological and archaeosismological
2010/2011: Inner details of paleoriver courses evolution
in alluvial plain context. Upper slope evolution dynamics desumed
by means of archaeological sites analysis. Peat and lignite
spontaneous combustion phenomena in Italy.
2011/2012: Natural gas seeps in Italy. Holocene stratigraphy
and soils. Search of seismotectonic deformations in
archaeological sites of Emilia-Romagna
region. Paleoriver net problems in Emilia region.
2012-2013: Surficial micromorphologies and
hydrogeological anomalies in 2012 Emilia earthquak epicentral
area.Holocene stratigraphy and soils. Seismo-tectonic
deformations in archaeological sites of Emilia-Romagna
2013-2014: Holocene regional stratigraphy; hydrogeological
anomalies in recent seismic areas in Emilia; geoarchaeological
stratigraphic context in Near East areas.
2014-2015: Holocene relationships between geomorphology and stratigraphic settings in regional and Near-East areas; unusual geological phenomena in Emilia –Roamgna region after the May 2012 earthquake.
2015-2016:Alluvial plain geomorphology in Bologna and Romagna areas and in Calabria (Italy); Roman age sea level in Northern Adraitic sea; water and gases in Emilia plain; geoarchaeology in Iraki Kurdistan and river plains.
2016-2017: Alluvial plain geomorphology in Bologna and Romagna areas (Italy); Geomorphology of Emilia urban sites, Roman age sea level in Northern Adraitic sea; water and gases in Emilia plain; geoarchaeology in Iraki Kurdistan and river plains.
2017-2018: Alluvial plain geomorphology in Bologna and Romagna areas (Italy); Geomorphology of Emilia urban sites, Roman age sea level in Northern Adraitic sea; water and gases in Emilia plain; geoarchaeology in Syria area.
2018-2019:Alluvial plain geomorphology in Bologna and Romagna areas (Italy); Buried soils; Roman age sea level in Northern Adriatic sea; water and gases in Emilia plain; Peat smouldering; RegionaL Geoarchaeology; First approach to the Apennine chain river network.
Previous publications mainly deal with fluvial dynamics and
continental sedimentation mechanisms by means of
archaeological records as a geoenvironmental marker. In such a
manner these studies are interdisciplinary essays. The kinds
of topics revealed by these works are: 1) paleogeography of the
riverbed network and definition of the real sedimentation
rates; 2) detailed stratigraphy and its relationships with
geomorphology; 3) paleoenvironmental implications of the
macroclimatic transitions; 4) detail morphological analysis; 5)
aerophotogeologic interpretation; 6) basin and facies analysis; 7)
eustacy and vertical movements; 8) process dynamics; 9)
geoarchaeology; 10) historical topography problems; 11) various:
e.g. archaeological hazard ; 12) today geoenvironmental approaches
All these themes can be grouped in three main working
lines: A) evolution of the alluvial plain hydrographic network; B)
Holocene stratigraphy and geoarchaeology; C) tectonic activity and
A) The Geomorphological Map of Po Plain (1997) does not
exhaust the knowledge of the alluvial plain realm. Research and
cataloguing of the Holocene (and Pleistocene, if outcropping)
geomorphological units in the Po River alluvial Plain (mainly in
Emilia-Romagna region) can explain the real evolution of this
physical landscape. It is possible to collect all the
morphological units of the plain and try to identify them
stating their own “paternity” and chronology. The characters of the
human settlement through time and its related environmental impact
rest on the hydrographic pattern history. The river-talweg
evolution highlights the set of dynamics generating the landscape
and its evolution. So this kind of study is a basic element for
land-management although today it is perceived and considered
exclusively in terms of short period hydraulic hazard.
These themes are tightly linked to the next point ones.
B) The detail geological stratigraphy (i.e., in sedimentological
terms, parasequences and even lower rank units) of the Holocene
environments becomes aim and tool for glacial and postglacial
processes and forms comparisons, and it can originate speculations
concerning climate and soils evolution. Therefore
Geoarchaeology is mainly used by the writer as a low-cost but
powerfull calibration tool for the sedimentary sequences. Really
geoarchaeology has an intrinsic value too as subsidiary
discipline for archaeology, allowing both the reconstruction of the
human societies environmental impact and a correct understanding
and evaluation of their future trends.
This land-approach also possesses other cultural values
contributing both to the land-management and to cultural tourism
exploitation and use of the Cultural Goods. This opportunity
can not be misconsidered in a nation like Italy.
C) Previous arguments are directly related to the need and
possibility of developing a better and more resolutive analysis of
the uppermost part of the alluvial plain sedimentary cover and its
reactions to the anthropogenic or natural environmental
stresses. Unpublished data, in fact, showed a series of
micro and/or macro-morphologies and phenomena whose interpretation
could be equally related to tectonic behaviour, anthropogenic
stress or climate change.
D) In a near future another field of application will have to be
the geomorphological cartography of the Emilia-R. region that up to
now is still completely lacking in the local scientific
E) Other themes not yet included in the previous points (such as
relationships between geostresses and human physiology) are already
preserved in pectore because of their peculiar
In the last years three new kind of interestwere developed: 1)
mountain slope deposits; 2) archaeo-seismological data in Emilia-
Romagna region; 3) fossil fuel natural seeps and some related
problems. In the latter case the “data-mining” work was mainly a
large review of already available informations (concerning
Italy as a whole) often thought to be old and useless data. This
kind of work for the re-evaluation of old data was also
extended to branches of Physical Geography and Geomorphology
(such as levelling surveys or historical maps even the pregeodetic
ones) poorly or badly used (or misknown) to understand natural
processes and phenomena over time scales longer than those usually
considered today by means of expansive monitoring systems.
All those topics are poorly studied due to the real difficulties
in finding original data and to their highly time-consuming
character. In fact, for example, the direct observation of
stratigraphic details today is a very hard task due to the
development of an exuberant vegetational mantle in the
mountain domain during the last sixty years and to the covering
action made by the buildings in the plain lands. But this negative
factor can be partially overcame, for example, by means of a
continuous field-survey of building sites parallel to the
archaeological controls practiced by the institutional offices.
This can provide a large data availability at a relatively low
cost, although randomly distributed in space and time. But on
the other hand, only the extremely detailed examination
of the stratigraphic records can reveal new study