Foto del docente

Stefano Cremonini

Assistant professor

Department of Biological, Geological, and Environmental Sciences

Academic discipline: GEO/04 Physical Geography and Geomorphology


Keywords: natural gas seeps Geoarchaeology and urban geomorphology Fluvial environment geomorphology Holocene Stratigraphy and buried soils Coastal evolution Archaeoseismology

Institutional Research project  post  1/10/2000  (MURST- RFO ex 60%):

AY. 2000/2001, initial personal financial support to local  geoarchaeological  research.

AY. 2000/2001-2001/2002, Relationships between ancient environmental dynamics and minor climate oscillations in Emilia-Romagna anthropogenic settings (sci. resp. : Prof. M.L. Scarin);

AY. 2002/2003-2003/2004, Geomorphology of Emilia-Romagna urban settings (resp.: M.L. Scarin);

AY. 2004/2005-2005/2006-(2006/2007),  Geomorphic and stratigraphic settings of the Po River crevasse event at Ficarolo and its historical-topographic implications (resp.: Prof. M.L. Scarin);

AY. 2003/2004-2004/2005,  Brackish water uprising in Emilia-Romagna alluvial plain. (sci. resp.: S. Cremonini);

AY. 2006/2007, (Continuation of  “Ficarolo Po crevasse“ study) and three permanent research lines on  Po plain geomorphology (group: Prof. M.L. Scarin);

AY. 2007/2008, Three permanent research lines concerning: A) plain river network evolution; B) Holocene stratigraphy and geoarchaeology;  C) tectonic activity and palin areas surficial deformations (group:G. Giorgi).

A.Y. 2008/2009: studies concerning the coastal areas and palaeodeltas morphological units in the regional environment.

2009/2010: studies concerning the Adriatic Sea coastal area resulting from pregeodetic maps georeferencing. Analysis of geoarchaeological sites from pedological and archaeosismological perspectives.

2010/2011: Inner details of  paleoriver courses evolution in alluvial plain context. Upper slope evolution dynamics desumed by means of archaeological sites analysis. Peat and lignite spontaneous combustion phenomena in Italy.

2011/2012: Natural gas seeps in Italy. Holocene stratigraphy and soils. Search of seismotectonic deformations  in archaeological sites of Emilia-Romagna region.  Paleoriver net problems in Emilia region.

2012-2013:  Surficial micromorphologies and hydrogeological anomalies in  2012 Emilia earthquak epicentral area.Holocene stratigraphy and soils. Seismo-tectonic deformations  in archaeological sites of Emilia-Romagna region. 

2013-2014: Holocene regional stratigraphy; hydrogeological anomalies in recent seismic areas in Emilia; geoarchaeological stratigraphic context in Near East areas.

2014-2015: Holocene relationships between geomorphology and stratigraphic settings in regional and Near-East areas; unusual geological phenomena in Emilia –Roamgna region after the May 2012 earthquake.

2015-2016:Alluvial plain geomorphology in Bologna and Romagna areas and in Calabria (Italy); Roman age sea level in Northern Adraitic sea; water and gases in Emilia plain; geoarchaeology in Iraki Kurdistan and river plains.

2016-2017: Alluvial plain geomorphology in Bologna and Romagna areas (Italy); Geomorphology of Emilia urban sites, Roman age sea level in Northern Adraitic sea; water and gases in Emilia plain; geoarchaeology in Iraki Kurdistan and river plains.

2017-2018: Alluvial plain geomorphology in Bologna and Romagna areas (Italy); Geomorphology of Emilia urban sites, Roman age sea level in Northern Adraitic sea; water and gases in Emilia plain; geoarchaeology in Syria area.

2018-2019:Alluvial plain geomorphology in Bologna and Romagna areas (Italy); Buried soils; Roman age sea level in Northern Adriatic sea; water and gases in Emilia plain; Peat smouldering; RegionaL Geoarchaeology; First approach to the Apennine chain river network.

Previous publications mainly deal with fluvial dynamics and continental sedimentation mechanisms  by means of archaeological records as a geoenvironmental marker. In such a manner  these studies are interdisciplinary essays. The kinds of topics revealed by these works are: 1) paleogeography of the riverbed network and definition of  the real sedimentation rates; 2) detailed stratigraphy and its relationships with geomorphology; 3) paleoenvironmental implications of the macroclimatic transitions; 4) detail morphological analysis; 5) aerophotogeologic interpretation; 6) basin and facies analysis; 7) eustacy and vertical movements; 8) process dynamics; 9) geoarchaeology; 10) historical topography problems; 11) various: e.g. archaeological hazard ; 12) today geoenvironmental approaches and problems.

All these themes can be grouped  in three main working lines: A) evolution of the alluvial plain hydrographic network; B) Holocene stratigraphy and geoarchaeology; C) tectonic activity and surficial deformations.

A) The Geomorphological Map of Po Plain (1997) does not exhaust the knowledge of the alluvial plain realm. Research and cataloguing of the Holocene (and Pleistocene, if outcropping) geomorphological units in the Po River alluvial Plain (mainly in Emilia-Romagna region) can explain the real evolution of  this physical landscape. It is possible to collect  all the morphological units  of the plain and try to identify them stating their own “paternity” and chronology. The characters of the human settlement through time and its related environmental impact rest on the hydrographic pattern history. The river-talweg evolution highlights the set of dynamics generating the landscape and its evolution. So this kind of study is a basic element for land-management although today it is perceived and considered exclusively in terms of  short period  hydraulic hazard. These themes are tightly linked to the next point ones.

B) The detail geological stratigraphy (i.e., in sedimentological terms, parasequences and even lower rank units) of the Holocene environments becomes aim and tool for glacial and postglacial processes and forms comparisons, and it can originate speculations concerning climate and soils evolution.  Therefore Geoarchaeology is mainly used by the writer as a low-cost but powerfull calibration tool for the sedimentary sequences. Really geoarchaeology has an intrinsic value too as  subsidiary discipline for archaeology, allowing both the reconstruction of the human societies environmental impact and a correct understanding and evaluation of their future trends.

This land-approach  also possesses other cultural values contributing both to the land-management and to cultural tourism exploitation and use of the Cultural Goods. This opportunity can not be misconsidered in a nation like Italy.

C) Previous arguments are directly related to the need and possibility of developing a better and more resolutive analysis of the uppermost part of the alluvial plain sedimentary cover and its reactions to the anthropogenic or natural environmental stresses.  Unpublished data, in fact, showed a series of  micro and/or macro-morphologies and phenomena whose interpretation could be equally related to tectonic behaviour, anthropogenic stress or climate change.                         

D) In a near future another field of application will have to be the geomorphological cartography of the Emilia-R. region that up to now is still completely lacking in the local scientific knowledge.

E) Other themes not yet included in the previous points (such as relationships between geostresses and human physiology) are already preserved in pectore because of their peculiar character.

In the last years three new kind of interestwere developed: 1) mountain slope deposits; 2) archaeo-seismological data in Emilia- Romagna region; 3) fossil fuel natural seeps and some related problems. In the latter case the “data-mining” work was mainly a large review of already available informations (concerning  Italy as a whole) often thought to be old and useless data. This kind of work  for the re-evaluation of old data was also extended to branches of  Physical Geography and Geomorphology (such as levelling surveys or historical maps even the pregeodetic ones) poorly or badly used (or misknown) to understand natural processes and phenomena over time scales longer than those usually considered today by means of expansive monitoring systems.

All those topics are poorly studied due to the real difficulties in  finding original data and to their highly time-consuming character. In fact, for example, the direct observation of stratigraphic details today is a very hard task due to the development of an exuberant  vegetational mantle in the mountain domain during the last sixty years and to the covering action made by the buildings in the plain lands. But this negative factor can be partially overcame, for example, by means of a continuous field-survey of building sites parallel to the archaeological controls practiced by the institutional offices.

This can provide a large data availability at a relatively low cost, although randomly distributed in space and time. But  on the other hand,  only  the extremely detailed examination of  the stratigraphic records  can reveal new  study aspects.