Foto del docente

Paolo Clavenzani

Full Professor

Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences

Academic discipline: VET/01 Veterinary Anatomy

Curriculum vitae

Born in Bologna, 31/10/1954. Degree, cum laude, in Medicine Veterinary, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bologna; December 1985.

Researcher, Institute of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bologna; 1990-1998.

Associate professor (Vet/01), Department of Functions, Structures, Animal Pathology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, teaching “General and special veterinary histology and embryology”; “General biology”; “Systematic and comparative veterinary anatomy” and “Anatomy of domestic animals”; 1998-2002.

Associate professor, Department of Veterinary Morphophysiology and Animal Productions 2002-2011 and Veterinary Medical Sciences 2011-2018, University of Bologna, teaching: Anatomy of Aquatic Animals, first cycle degree programme of Aquaculture and Fish Production Hygiene and Systematic and Comparative Veterinary Anatomy I and III, single cycle degree programme (LMCU) in Veterinary Medicine, University of Bologna.

Full professor, Department Veterinary Medical Sciences 2018, University of Bologna, teaching: Anatomy of Aquatic Animals, first cycle degree programme of Aquaculture and Fish Production Hygiene and Systematic and Comparative Veterinary Anatomy I and III, single cycle degree programme (LMCU) in Veterinary Medicine, University of Bologna.

Director of First Cycle Degree of Aquaculture and Fish Production Hygiene, University of Bologna; 2015/16 - 2017/18 and 2018/19 - 2020/2021.

Head of “Anatomy Museum of Domestic Animals” of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the University of Bologna.

Author of about 180 scientific publications, many of them have been published in internationals journals.

The researches concern the following topics:

- Histochemical profile of articularis humeri muscle in the horse.

- Analysis of the sternotrachealis muscle fibers in some anseriformes: histochemistry and sex differences.

- High incidence of multiple-bag fiber muscle spindles in the articularis humeri muscle of the horse.

- Localization of motoneurons innervating the extraocular muscles of the sheep by retrograde fluorescent tracers.

- Motoneuron organization of the muscles of the spinal accessory complex of the sheep investigated with the fluorescent retrograde tracer technique.

- Central projections and entries of capsaicin-sensitive muscle afferents.

- Partial transformation from fast to slow muscle fibers induced by deafferentation of capsaicin-sensitive muscle afferents.

- Mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus neurons supplying the jaw closing muscles have no spinal projection: a fluorescent double-labelling study in birds and mammals.

- Cerebellar and spinal projections of the coeruleus complex in the duck: a fluorescent retrograde double-labeling study.

- Cerebellar afferents from neurons in the extraocular motor nuclei: fluorescent retrograde double-labeling study in the sheep.

- Correlation between VEGF production and blood vessels density in steroidogenic activated pig antral follicles.

- Viscerotopic representation of the subdiaphragmatic tracts of the digestive apparatus within the vagus complex in the sheep.

- The mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus of the duck: development and apoptosis.

- Characterisation of neurons expressing calbidin immunoreactivity in the ileum of the unweaned and mature sheep.

- Localisation of recurrent laryngeal nerve motoneurons in the sheep by means of retrograde fluorescent labelling.

- Localization, morphology and immunohistochemistry of spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion neurons that innervate the gastrocnemius and superficial digital flexor muscles in cattle.

- NOS-immunoreactivity and NADPH-d histochemistry in the enteric nervous system of Sarda breed sheep with different PrP genotypes in whole-mount and cryostat preparations.

- Enteroglia and neuron involvement without apparent neuronal loss in ileal enteric nervous system plexi from Scrapie-affected sheep.

- Morphology and neurochemistry of descending and ascending myenteric plexus neurons of sheep ileum.

- Anatomical evidence for ileal Peyer’s patches innervation by enteric nervous system: a potential route for prion neuroinvasion?

- Intrinsic neuronal control of the pyloric sphincter of the lamb.

- Adenosine A1 and A3 receptor agonists inhibit NANC relaxations in the guinea pig isolated trachea.

- Ileal tract and Peyer’s patch innervation in scrapie-free versus scrapie-affected ovines.

- Characterization of sheep (Ovis aries) palatine tonsil innervation.

- Expression of α-transducin, a chemoreceptive molecule, in endocrine and non endocrine cells of the pig gastrointestinal tract.

- Functional and neurochemical changes of the gastrointestinal tract in a rodent model of Parkinson’s disease.

- Immunohistochemical characterization of Th13-L2 spinal ganglia neurons in sarda breed ovines (Ovis aries).

- Extrinsic afferents supplying the ovine duodenum and ileum.

- Endothelin receptors B (EDNRB) is not the causative gene of the English spotting locus in the domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus).

- An immunohistochemical study of the distribution of nitric oxide synthase-immunoreactive neurons and fibers in the reticular groove of suckling lambs.

- Neurochimical features of boar lumbo-sacral root ganglion neurons and characterization of sensory neurons innervating the urinary bladder trigone.

- Expression and regulation of α-transducin in the pig gastrointestinal tract.

- Localization of peripheral autonomic neurons innervating the boar urinary bladder trigone and neurochemical features of the sympathetic component.

- Detection of anticonductive tissue autoantibodies in a patient with cronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction and sick sinus syndrome.

- Enteroendocrine profile of α-transducin immunoreactive cells in the gastrointestinal tract of the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax).

- Expression of β2 adrenoceptors within enteric neurons of the horse.

- Anatomy and histology of fibrocartilago humerocapsularis in some species of European wild birds.

- Enteric neuroplasticity in seawater-adapted European eel (Anguilla anguilla).

- The Kit gene is associated with the english spotting coat color locus and congenital megacolon in checkered giant rabbit (Oryctalagus cuniculus)

- Expression of α-gustducin and α-transducin, G proteins coupled with taste receptors, in boar sperm.

- A new method of producing casts for anatomical studies.

- Relationship between pectoralis major muscle histology and quality traits of chicken meat.

- Anatomy of the shoulder and arm musculature of the common buzzard (Buteo Buteo Linnaeus, 1758) and the European honey buzzard (Pernis apivorus Linnaeus, 1758).

- α-transducin and α-gustducin immunoreactive cells in the stomach of common solea (Solea solea) fed with mussel meal.

- The olfactory receptor OR51E1 is present along the gastrointestinal tract of pigs, co-localizes with enteroendrocrine cells and is modulated by intestinal microbiota.

- Expression of the bitter taste receptor, T2R38, in enteroendocrine cells of the colonic mucosa of overweight/obese vs. lean subjects.

- Regulation of α-transducin and α-gustducin expression by a high protein diet in the pig gastrointestinal tract.

- Prucalopride exerts neuroprotection in human enteric neurons.

- Distribution of α-transducin and α-gustducin immunoreactive cells in the chicken (Gallus domesticus) gastrointestinal tract.

- Downregulation of neuronal vasoactive intestinal polypeptide in Parkinson’s disease and chronic constipation.

- Localization of 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 receptor in the equine enteric neurons and fibers and spinal ganglion neuron.

- INPP4B overexpression and c-KIT downregulation in human achalasia.

- Expression of RAD21 immunoreactivity in myenteric neurons of the human and mouse small intestine.