Foto del docente

Maria Giovanna Belcastro

Professoressa associata confermata

Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche, Geologiche e Ambientali

Settore scientifico disciplinare: BIO/08 ANTROPOLOGIA

Temi di ricerca

Parole chiave: Bioarcheologia Osteologia forense indicatori scheletrici comportamenti funerari malattie infettive Neandertaliani

The research activities are carried out in the field of Evolutionary Anthropology, which studies the biological variability of past and modern humans from an evolutionary perspective. The central questions are origin, evolution, phylogeny,and variability of humans with their distinctive attributes (bipedalism, cognitive abilities and language, culture and technology).Human skeletal remains represent valuable traces of the history of human evolution and their study contributes to reconstruct the biology and evolution of the interaction between humans and the environment (physical and socio-cultural) over time.

The topic of the researches is the study of human skeletal remains in the evolutive and bioarchaoelogical perspectives with application in forensic field.

The specific lines are:

  • Biology and behavior of humans in the transitional periods (Middle/Upper Paleolithic and Neolithic; roman/medieval).

  • Muscoloskeletal stress markers (MSM) in archaeological and identified human skeletal collections.

  • Infectious diseases in archaeological and identified human skeletal collections.

  • Funerary rituals from Upper Paleolithic to modern periods.

  • Methods for the reconstruction of human profile and identification using identified human skeletal


 Collaborators:

Dr. VALENTINA MARIOTTI, PhD (in Anthropological Sciences, UNIBO)

Dr. BENEDETTA BONFIGLIOLI, PhD (in Anthropological Sciences, UNIBO)

Dr. MARIA ELENA PEDROSI, PhD (in Biodiversity and Evolution, UNIBO)

Dr. VIOLA TANGANELLI, PhD (in Evolutive Biology, UNISI).

Dr. RITA SORRENTINO, postgraduate (XXXI cycle in Sciences of Hearth, Life and Environment, UNIBO)

Dr. ANNALISA PIETROBELLI, graduate student in master degree in Archaeology

 

The researches are conducted on the osteological collections of the Museum of Anthropology (about 1000 skeletons of the human identified - for sex, age, disease, etc. - Italian modern (XIX-XX c.) collections) and many osteoarchaelogical collections (from Neolithic to modern period).

 

ERC

Life Sciences

 LS8_3 Population biology, population dynamics, population genetics

Social Sciences and Humanities

 SH6_4 Prehistory, palaeoanthropology, palaeodemography, protohistory