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Caroline Sara Walker

Collaboratrice ed esperta linguistica di lingua madre: inglese

Dipartimento di Lingue, Letterature e Culture Moderne

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Summary Week 4

Lessons 7 & 8 - 4/5 November 2020

HOMEWORK TO CHECK IN CLASS on Wednesday 11 November:

· Page 25 Review – Exercises 1, 2 and 3.

· “Use of English” – document on Virtuale. Word formation and

Transformations.

 

Written Assignment to send to me by 18 November - Dispensa pdf page 10. See end of this Summary for details.

*NB For future written assignments, please send in Word format (not pdf, etc).

 

- SPORTELLO for in debito students who intend to take the Inglese 2 exam in January 2021: Every Thursday, starting 5 November, from 3pm to 4pm on Teams (link to my“Office Hours”). See my portale for more details.

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Grammar Reference exercises, pages 151-152 – Answer Key:

Page 152, verbs: 1 didn’t realise – had left – got 2 got on/used to get on - would/used to – went/were going 3 wasn’t there/didn’t there use to be 4 I hadn’t been living – I met 5 had been thinking/was thinking - gave

Page 152, pronouns: 1 whose 2 whom 3 where 4 which 5 that 6 who

…………………………………………………………………………………………

Pages 20-21 Gapped text. Ex 2 to 6

VOCABULARY FROM TEXT:

Intro: to strike something down, to enrol (in a class/on a course)

Par 2: attendance (to attend a course/school), to have a row with sb (pron. /rau/) = to argue with sb

Par 5: a chat-up line (to chat somebody up), to achieve ( + Par 6, achievable)

Par 6: eagerness = enthusiasm (adj. eager, to be eager to do st), achievable

Ex 6: Oscar Wilde is a witty writer (clever + amusing). A rich princess might find it hard to empathise with a poor, single mother. When the writer won the award, she gave an acceptance speech that was full of brilliant eloquence. The friendly barman enjoys exchanging banter with his customers. There is growing unease about the true intentions of the president. Enthusiasm for the band is dwindling, they are losing many fans.

 

THURSDAY 5 NOVEMBER 2020

Page 23: DEFINING AND NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (see Grammar Reference Page 152 for more details)

TO NOTE:

· WHOM is the object form of WHO and is for formal use only. In everyday spoken English, we usually use WHO rather than WHOM.

· Note the preposition at the end of the question in the informal version.

Examples:

· Who did you send the message to? (Formal style = To whom did you send the message?).

· Who is he exchanging messages with? (Formal style = With whom is he exchanging messages?)

· The spy (who) she wrote the book about spent his final years in Russia. (Formal style = The spy about whom she wrote the book spent his final years in Russia.)

 

NB: WHOM is often used in certain set phrases - None of whom, one of whom, some of whom, all of whom, etc. Eg:

· She has three sisters, none of whom looks at all like her.

· I work with several foreigners, some of whom have been with the company for over 10 years.

· Six policemen, one of whom had joined the force only the day before, were killed in the attack.

 

Practice: FINISH THESE SENTENCES WITH none/one/some/all… of whom……:

1. The café was full of Americans, ……..……..

2. One hundred people, ……..……… , applied for the job.

3. The parents and their five children, ……………… , were rescued after a 24-hour search.

4. After the meeting the prime minister refused to speak to the vast group of journalists outside, ……… …………….

 

Page 23 Ex 1 and 2

Ex 1. 1 ND 2D 3ND 3D

Sentence No. 4 - Note the difference in emphasis with and without the commas:

The girl whose brother is a professional football player scored the winning goal. (the identifying/defining feature of the girl is the fact that she has a special brother.)

The girl, whose brother is a professional football player, scored the winning goal. (the details about the brother are extra/non-vital/secondary)

Ex 2. 1. Who/that (D) 2. Where (D) 3. Whom (D) 4. Whose (D) 5. That/which (or nothing) (D) 6. Which (ND) 7. When (D) 8. Which (ND) 9. Whose (D) 10. Who (D)

 

Extra practice: RELATIVE CLAUSES (dispensa pdf page 32)

 

…………………………………………………………………………………..

 

PROPOSALS

A) page 24, Ex 1 & 2

NB! Suggest / recommend / propose + ing form.

We suggest moving the coffee machine from the corridor to Room 6, which could be turned into an informal meeting space.

We propose creating a relaxation area on the second floor.

We recommend improving the comfort of Room 6 by updating the furniture and painting the walls a brighter colour.

 

B) See page 175 for useful phrases in Proposals

 

C) See Dispensa pdf pages 19-20 for 2 slightly different ways of writing proposals (Model answer 1 and Model answer 2)

 

D) See Dispensa pdf pages 15-16 (page 15 shows incorrect version, page 16 shows a correct model of a proposal).

 

E) HOMEWORK - Dispensa pdf page 10. Send by 18 November 2020

Write a PROPOSAL. Answer the question, using the notes below.

You are a member of your local “community action group”, which organizes activities aimed at improving the area where you live and encouraging interaction between residents. The president has asked you to prepare a Proposal to suggest ways of attracting new members, especially from the sections of the population not currently represented.

Paragraph 1 “INTRODUCTION” or “AIM”.

(Typical first sentence: The aim of this proposal is to……….)

Paragraphs 2 to 4.  Choose 2 or 3 of the following groups to focus on. Dedicate one paragraph to each of your groups. An example of how to appeal to each group is given but you should add some more ideas. Give each paragraph a heading.

· YOUNG CHILDREN: treasure hunt in the park ….

· STUDENTS (16-20): Saturday afternoon study groups ..

· FAMILIES WITH YOUNG CHILDREN: cinema clubs with discussion group …..

· PEOPLE WITH ANIMALS: marathon with picnic …..

· THE ELDERLY: lunch in community centre …..

· SINGLES: singing groups …..

· ETHNIC MINORITIES: cooking event …..

Final paragraph - “CONCLUSION”.  

 

 

Pubblicato il: 07 novembre 2020