Foto del docente

Caroline Sara Walker

Collaboratrice ed esperta linguistica di lingua madre: inglese

Dipartimento di Lingue, Letterature e Culture Moderne


Summary Week 5

 Lessons 9 and 10 - 11/12 November 2020

1) Homework to check today: Coursebook Page 25 – Review – Ex 1, 2 and 3 & Use of English (document posted on Virtuale)

2) Homework to send by 18 November: a proposal (see last week’s lesson notes).

3) Before next week’s lessons, read Unit 3 Grammar Reference, pages 152-153, and do the exercises.


Ex 1: 1 including 2 administrative 3 addiction 4 indecision 5 distinctive 6 interactive 7 communicator 8 impressive

Ex 2:

1 was typing / got / had decided / hadn’t expected, wasn’t expecting / felt / hadn’t had, didn’t have

2 had known / I’d never realised, I never realised / he’d been / he’d even played, he even played

3 I moved / I’d been worried, I’d been worrying / I’d been living, I’d lived / hadn’t spent

4 We’d always planned, were always planning / we left, we’d left / didn’t manage, hadn’t managed / got married / we’d saved

5 was working, worked / qualified

6 had hoped, was hoping / went / said / had sold

Ex 3: 1 who/that 2 which 3 whose 4 which/that 5 who/that


EXERCISE 1 Answer Key    1 historic(al)  2 instinctively  3 eruption  4 towering  5 strength  6 unexpected  7 unpleasant  8 inescapable

EXERCISE 2   1 was John who encouraged me   2 no room for anything else   3 didn’t miss him until   4 had sold out by the   5 as long as you listen


“The Seven Ages of Man” (from As You Like It)

1) BBC Drama Version (2:24 mins)

2) Version with words. (2 mins)


Unit 3 – Ages and Stages

Page 26 Ex 2: POSITIVE = childlike, youthful, mature NEGATIVE = juvenile (acting in a silly, irresponsible way), no spring chicken, over the hill

Page 26 Ex 3:

1. adolescent (negative), childish (negative), infantile (neg)

2. childish (negative)

3. boyish (positive)

4. adult (positive), old (neutral)

5. aging (neutral), elderly (neutral), old (negative)

6. old (negative)

NB Collective nouns: the young / the elderly / the old + plural verb. Local volunteers are doing the shopping for the elderly, who often live alone and have no relatives nearby.

Page 27 Ex 7 – VOCABULARY To take each day as it comes (take one day at a time), every so often (every now and then/occasionally), a fleeting (brief) moment, to get round/down to (doing) something, to apply for promotion/a job, mapped out

Page 27 Ex 9

Present continuous for future plans – they’re moving to a bigger house soon

Going to for intentions – we’re going to start a family at some point

Will for predictions – they think they’ll have enough money to travel round the world

Will for spontaneous decisions – I’ll get down to some serious planning tomorrow

The future perfect - I hope I’ll have been promoted

The future continuous – I’ll be doing exactly the same job


Ex 10: INCORRECT = 1 I’m starting 2 I’m doing 3 I’m achieving 4 I do 5 I’ll have spent 6 I see 7 I’ll have stayed 8 I’m finding

Ex 11: 1. I’ll be doing 2. I will have left 3. I’ll have found 4. I’m going to pass/I will pass 5. Meet* 6. Find 7. I’m living/I’ll live 8. I’ll learn 9. Got** 10. I’ll be

NB: Page 27 Ex 11. Numbers 5 & 9:

*It’s only a matter of time before + present tense. Used to say that something will definitely happen in the future. Eg

· It’s only a matter of time before they decide to close down the local school.

· It’s only a matter of time before that old bridge collapses.

· It’s only a matter of time before you receive the recognition you deserve.


**It’s about time (OR It’s time / It’s high time) + past simple, for present/future situations. Used to say strongly that you think something should happen soon, or should have happened. Eg

· It’s very late, it’s about time we went home.

· It’s about time I started some kind of physical activity, I need to get fit!

· It’s about time you tidied your room, it’s a mess.


Grammar Reference TO NOTE - Page 153 2. Future time expressions:

1. Use the present tense after time expressions, eg until, when, as soon as, by the time, before…

· I’ll let you know as soon as my train arrives at the station.

· Shall we have a pizza before we go to the cinema?

· It won’t be long until my little brother starts high school.


2. Use will after within, in 10 years’ time, in 10 minutes…..

· Within 3 days you’ll receive written confirmation of your order.

· In 2 hours the President will make a speech on TV.

· They’ll announce the results in one week’s time.


3. By the time …(+ present)….., + future perfect (simple or continuous)

· By the time you get this message I’ll have landed in New York.

· By the time he’s fifty he’ll have been working for Microsoft for 30 years.



Ex 5: 1D (collocates with PLAY) 2A (collocates with LIFE/LIVES) 3C (collocates with AT) 4C (collocates with HIGHEST. You can’t use amount with countable nouns, ie centenarians) 5D (collocates with LIFE) 6B (followed by dependent preposition TO) 7C (followed by dependent preposition BY) 8A(the only option that can be followed by IN)

Expressions to note: to lead a good/healthy life, to rely ON st/sb, to play a role, in a bid to ( = in an attempt to), life expectancy, to get to = to reach, to be surrounded BY st/sb, to result IN.



GRAMMAR FOCUS PAGE 30 – Introductory “IT”. See also page 153.

Ex 3 – 1 It’s no fun being in debt    2 One day it may be your partner….

3 It’s amazing how many people..    4 I find it appalling that…

Ex 4

1 It’s sad that we have become so disconnected from the natural environment.

2 It’s vital for schoolchildren to learn basic first aid skills. /It’s vital that children learn….

3 It worries me how dependent people have become on mobile phones. (It’s worrying how..)

4 It’s you who should get the credit for the work done on the project, not me. (NB Singular IT + plural noun: It’s children who suffered most during lockdown, not adults.)

5 It was difficult for me to make new friends.

6 It is vital for people to contact a member of staff first. /It is vital that people contact a member of staff first.

7 It makes good sense not to throw away letters with your name and address on them.

8 It was embarrassing telling Charles how I felt.

Pubblicato il: 12 novembre 2020