Foto del docente

Andrea Lollini

Professore associato

Dipartimento di Scienze Politiche e Sociali

Settore scientifico disciplinare: IUS/21 DIRITTO PUBBLICO COMPARATO

Temi di ricerca

Parole chiave: Processi costituenti Interpretazione costituzionale e diritto comparato Dialogo tra corti Transitional Justice Law and Neurosciences

Andrea Lollini ha lungamente studiato il fenomeno della giustizia di transizione in relazione ai processi costituenti post-guerra fredda. In particolare ha pubblicato saggi e monografie sulla Commissione sudafricana verità e riconciliazione e sul processo costituente sudafricano post-apartheid. Si è poi occupato dello studio del dialogo tra giudici e corti di costituzionalità. Collocato nel più ampio scenario del rapporto tra giudici e globalizzazione, Andrea Lollini ha pubblicato saggi sulle trasformazioni odierne dell'interpretazione costituzionale, sulla teoria dell'argomentazione giuridica e metodo della comparazione e sull'uso di precedenti stranieri. La tematica dell'interpretazione dei diritti fondamentali così come si produce nella prassi di diverse culture costituzionali ha condotto all"interesse per le nuove frontiere della discriminazione in base alle diversità neuro-cognitive (neurodiversità). Attraverso un metodo di ricerca interdisciplinare tra diritto e neuroscienze, Andrea Lollini studia le implicazioni giuridiche del concetto di Brain-Equality in ambiti quali i disturbi del neurosviluppo (Sindrome dello spettro autistico), o dei disturbi dell'apprendimento (Dislessia, disgrafia, discalculia) nel quadro della ricerca NEDBELS finanziata dai programmi europei Horizon2020.

 

 NEDBELS (Neurodiversity between Law and Science aims to inquire into the legal impacts and socio-political implications of the concept of Neurodiversity. This term pertains to individuals diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders such as Autism and Dyslexia and hypothesizes the emergence of a new category of difference in the human population. Are “different” neurological conditions the new frontier of inequality and discrimination, at least in western societies? If neurosciences and research on brain cognition are progressively deepening the understanding of human functioning, the problem is how to better accommodate legal systems on the basis of these new assumptions. Thus, Nedbels explores how the concept of Neurodiversity challenges the constitutional principle of equality, as well as fosters the need to accommodate new principles in criminal and civil law.

 

Applied research fields and research methodology:

Nedbels is based on specific research methodology. Exploring legal implications and judicial dimensions of the concept of Neurodiversity implies acquiring concrete experience and up-to-date scientific data on neurodevelopmental disorders, as well as creating a profitable intellectual common ground with clinicians and scientists. This goal is achieved by emphasizing the importance of integrating the clinical perspective into the realm of law. Thus, interaction with scientists, clinicians, and health care actors, as well as individuals on the spectrum and family involved, is one of the core Nedbels features. One of its goals is to acquire an advanced understanding of general diagnostic process based on diagnostic battery tests, and brain scan technologies. Behavioral and cognitive aspects of neurodevelopemental disorders are also of major importance. Deepening the understanding of prevalence data of neurodevelopmental disorders in the general population is a precondition for developing reliable legal analysis.

This methodology is put into force through collaborations with two units of the University of California San Francisco (UCSF):

1) The ALBA Language Neurobiology Lab takes a multi-disciplinary approach based on latest scientific discovery to characterize the strengths and weaknesses with Dyslexia.

2) UCSF Star Center includes some of the nation’s top clinical experts and researchers working to develop treatments and health care strategies for Autism and Neurodevelopmental Disorders.