88164 - PHYSIOLOGY APPLIED TO THE ENVIRONMENT: POLLUTANT IMPACTS ON HUMAN HEALTH AND ECOSYSTEM

Scheda insegnamento

SDGs

L'insegnamento contribuisce al perseguimento degli Obiettivi di Sviluppo Sostenibile dell'Agenda 2030 dell'ONU.

Acqua pulita e servizi igienico-sanitari La vita sott'acqua

Anno Accademico 2020/2021

Conoscenze e abilità da conseguire

The course will focus on the environmental strategies adoptable to assess the potential impacts of pollution on the marine coasts, also addressing emerging pollutants and new conditions generated by global change, and the interactions between the marine environment and human health. The students will learn about: main contaminants and source of discharge; impacts on animal health status and threats to human health; principles of the environmental quality assessment, using biological methods. Through the analysis of case studies and guidelines, the course will also provide knowledge on integrated monitoring plans applied at the national and international levels. Skills will be developed in the definition of bioassessment strategies and application of statistical methods for result interpretation.

Contenuti

Principles of organism-environment interaction. Animal exposure to environmental pollutants.Toxicokinetics: the behaviour of chemicals in the animal body. Route of exposure. Adsoprtion, distribution, metabolism (basic principles) and excretion. Toxicodynamics: how chemicals harm animal cells. Exposure/effect scenarios; acute toxicity, chronic toxicity. Dose response relationships, non-conventional dose-response relationships. Pollutants in the marine environment. Examples of environmental and human toxicity.  

 

 

 

Testi/Bibliografia

Suggested readings, Scientific papers

Metodi didattici

Frontal lessons and discussion of scientific papers

Modalità di verifica e valutazione dell'apprendimento

The final examination wants to evaluate that students met the teaching objectives: organism-environment interaction; environmental contamination; main effects of contaminants on humans and wildlife; action mechanisms at different levels of biological complexity; effects of endocrine disruptors; contaminant effects on main physiological functions. The exam (written) deals with 2 - 3 specific questions on different topics to be answered in a pertinent and synthetic manner.

Strumenti a supporto della didattica

Power point slides, suggested readings

Orario di ricevimento

Consulta il sito web di Elena Fabbri

Consulta il sito web di Andrea Pasteris