75577 - ECONOMICS OF CLIMATE CHANGE

Scheda insegnamento

SDGs

L'insegnamento contribuisce al perseguimento degli Obiettivi di Sviluppo Sostenibile dell'Agenda 2030 dell'ONU.

Energia pulita e accessibile Lavoro dignitoso e crescita economica Agire per il clima

Anno Accademico 2018/2019

Conoscenze e abilità da conseguire

After a short review of the mathematics of climate analysis, past climate and the dynamics of the atmosphere and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the economics of the global commons and the economics of GHG emissions control will be discussed. A special session will concern economic growth, technology and GHG emissions, and the international climate negotiations. Methods for decisions under uncertainty will be employed to assess the benefits of greenhouse gas mitigation, global effort and burden shares at the international level. Finally, a case study, i.e. climate change and the Arctic region, will be analysed.

Programma/Contenuti

The course begins with presentation of scientific evidence regarding global warming and climate change since the industrial revolution. The course continues with an introduction to global externalities, the economics of climate change and the presentation of approaches for modelling the coupled system of the economy and the climate. If necessary, appropriate mathematical methods for modelling of the coupled economic–climate system will be reviewed. Then the structure, the characteristics and the output of Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) is presented. Next, discounting and uncertainty, which are topics of special interest in the economics of climate change, are analysed. The course concludes with a presentation of climate policies (taxes, tradable permits, adaptation, geoengineering), an analysis of international environmental agreements and a presentation of recent agreements about climate change policies formulated in the context of the Conference of the Parties.

The purpose of the course is to present the economics of climate change in a way that integrates climate, the economy and the policy issues that emerge in the course of attempts by countries to address global warming. The main focus of the course is the presentation of a unified framework of climate and the economy, along with their interactions, which is used to show how climate change policies are derived. Emphasis is also given to introducing students to the new macroeconomics of climate change. Mathematical methods which are used in climate change economics will be reviewed if necessary.

The course will cover the following topics:

The climate since the industrial revolution: Historical trends of global average temperature, emissions and concentration of greenhouse gasses (GHGs); Climate modelling issues; The temperature anomaly and polar amplification; Sinks and sources; Carbon budgeting.

Coupling the economy and the climate: Modelling the coupled system of the economy and climate; Introduction to Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs); The macroeconomics of climate change; Damages from climate change; The choice of the discount rate; Uncertainty; Regional issues and and introduction to spatial climate models.

Climate policy: Mitigation, including carbon taxes, cap-and-trade, The EU-ETS, carbon capture and storage (CCS), and reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD); Adaptation to climate change; International cooperation in theory and practice: International agreements; COP21-The Paris Agreement and the more recent COPs; Solar radiation management (SRM).

Testi/Bibliografia

Reading Materials

  • Lectures in the form of slide presentations will be provided during the course.
  • G. Economides, A. Papandreou, E. Sartzetakis and A. Xepapadeas, 2018, The Economics of Climate Change, The Bank of the Greece.

Additional Readings

J. Hassler, P. Krusell and J. Nycander, 2016, Climate Policy, Economic Policy, CEPR, CESifo, Sciences Po, pp. 503-558.

Hassler J., P. Krussel and T. Smith (2016). Environmental Macroeconomics. In Taylor, J. and H. Uhlig (eds) Handbook of Macroeconomics, Vol. 2b, 1893.2008, North Holland.

W. Nordhaus, Revisiting the social cost of carbon, PNAS, Available at www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1609244114.

W. Nordhaus and P. Sztorc, 2013, DICE2013 Introduction and User’s Manual, Available at dicemodel.net.

N. Stern, 2006. The Economics of Climate Change: The Stern Review. Cambridge University Press, Cambridg

Metodi didattici

Lectures with slide presentations

Modalità di verifica dell'apprendimento

There will be a final exam consisting of two questions, both of which must be answered. There is also an optional assignment. For students who complete the optional assignment and who receive a higher grade on the assignment than the final exam the grade of the assignment counts for 20% of the final grade and the final exam counts for 80%. For students who do not complete the optional assignment, or whose grade on the assignment is lower than the grade of the final exam, the final exam counts 100% of the final grade.

Orario di ricevimento

Consulta il sito web di Anastasios Xepapadeas