69901 - PAN-EUROPEAN SECURITY

Scheda insegnamento

SDGs

L'insegnamento contribuisce al perseguimento degli Obiettivi di Sviluppo Sostenibile dell'Agenda 2030 dell'ONU.

Povertà Zero Uguaglianza di genere Pace, giustizia e istituzioni forti

Anno Accademico 2018/2019

Conoscenze e abilità da conseguire

Students are expected to learn the evolution of security dynamics in the pan-European space. In particular, they will be expected (i) to develop an understanding of some key turning points in Soviet/RussianAmerican-European relations (early Cold War, Détente, post-Cold War) and of how they shaped and influenced security in Europe during the Cold War and after; (ii) to learn about the evolution of the main international organizations active in European security both during and after the Cold War; and (iii) to learn about the evolution of the concept of security particularly since the end of the Cold War.

Programma/Contenuti

PAN EUROPEAN SECURITY 2018-2019

Prof. Sonia Lucarelli

Schedule

Part One: The Concepts

February 25 Tue (11 – 13) Introduction - What Is Security?– Seminar

February 26 Wed (11 – 13) What Is “European” Security? – Seminar

March 5 Tue (11 -13) IR and Security (1): Realism and Liberalism– Seminar with Students’ Presentation

March 6 Wed (11 -13) IR and Security (3): Constructivism and Post-Positivism - Seminar With Students' Presentation

March 12 Tue (11 -13) Security Governance - Seminar with Students’ Presentation

Part Two: Historical Roots

March 13 Wed (11 -13)European Security During The Cold War - Seminar

March 19 Tue (11 -13) The End of The Cold War: The Academic Debate Seminar

March 20 –Guest Lecture Bernardo Venuti (IAI)

March 26 (11-13) The Post-Cold War Transition - Seminar with Students’ Presentations

Part Three: The Actors and the Challenges

March 27 (11 -13) The European Union: EU's Peculiar Foreign Policy - Seminar with Students' Presentation

April 2 Tue (11 -13) The EU: The European Union's Common Security and Defence Policy- Seminar with Students' Presentation

April 3 Wed (11 -13) The EU: The European Union's Common Security and Defence Policy– Seminar with Students' Presentation

April 8 (6-8 PM) Guest lecture Silvia D'Amato, Terrorism and European Security

April 9 Tue (11 -13) EU and the Refugee crisis (lecture)

April 10 Wed (11 -13) Seminar & Debate: The EU and the Crisis of the Liberal Order

April 16 (11.13) Guest lecture by Dr Matteo Dian (University of Bologna) Methods and practical tips for academic papers and dissertations

18-26 April No Class (exams and Easter break)

April 30 Tue (11 -13) NATO: History and Functioning - Seminar With Students' Presentation

May 7 Tue (11 -13) NATO: Partnerships, Enlargements and Relations with Russia - Seminar With Students' Presentation

May 8 Wed (11 -13) Guest Lecture Mr. Jakub Kalenshy (Atlantic Council), Kremlin's disinformation: the strategy and tactics, and European reactions

May14 Tue (11-13) Other Organizations: The OSCE, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and CSTO - Seminar with Students' Presentations

May 15 Wed (11-13) Guest Lecture Globus - Martina Tazzioli, Borders securitization and the criminalization of solidarity

May21 Tue (11-13) Guest Lecture Gianpiero Granchielli, The Osce, Minority Protection and Confidence Building Measures: Experiences from the Balkans

May 22 Wen (11-13) Guest Lecture Nicolò Sartori (IAI) The future of energy: opportunities and challenges

May 28 Tue(11-13) Transnational Crime, Counter-Terrorism, Cybersecurity – Students’ Presentations

Testi/Bibliografia

PROGRAMME WITH READING

 

Part One: The Concepts

February 25 Tue (11 – 13)

Introduction - What Is Security?– Seminar

Reading:

  1. Paul D. Williams, “Introduction”, in Security Studies : an Introduction, Routledge 2013 (2nd ed - NB also the 2008 edition is fine and is available online: http://hamdoucheriad.yolasite.com/resources/security%20studies.pdf).).
  2. Andrew Cottey, Chapter I: “Security in the 21st Century Europe”, in Security in the 21st Century Europe, Palgrave, Macmillan, 2013, pp. 6-33.

 

February 26 Wed (11 – 13)

What Is “European” Security? – Seminar

Same as above

 

March 5 Tue (11 -13)

IR and Security (1): Realism and Liberalism– Seminar with Students’ Presentation

Reading:

Paul D. Williams “Security Studies : an Introduction”, Routledge 2013 (2nd ed): chapters 2 (Realism) and 3 (Liberalism); (Ruffilli Library 355.033. NB also the 2008 edition is fine and is available online: http://hamdoucheriad.yolasite.com/resources/security%20studies.pdf ).

* students’ presentations on:

(i) A realist approach to European security (e.g. John Mearsheimer’s view of European security);

(ii) A liberal approach to European security (e.g. John Ikenberry’s view of European security)

 

March 6 Wed (11 -13)

IR and Security (3): Constructivism and Post-Positivism - Seminar With Students' Presentation

Reading:

Paul D. Williams “Security Studies : chapters: 5 (Constructivism); 7 (Critical Theory) (Ruffilli Library 355.033. NB also the 2008 edition is fine and is available online: http://hamdoucheriad.yolasite.com/resources/security%20studies.pdf ).

* students’ presentations on:

(i) A constructivist approach to European security

(ii) Critical theory and the analysis of European security: a case-study (e.g. Critical Theory and the analysis of counterterrorism in Europe)

 

March 12 Tue (11 -13)

Security Governance and securitization - Seminar with Students’ Presentation

Reading:

  1. Mark Webber , “Security Governance”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 17-40. [course material]
  2. James Sperling. “Regional security Governance”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 98-119 [course material].
  3. Clara Eroukhmanoff, “Securitization Theory: an introduction”, in International Relations Theory – Available at: https://www.e-ir.info/2018/01/14/securitisation-theory-an-introduction/

* one Students’ presentation on a case study of regional security governance; one on securitization.

 

Part Two: Historical Roots

March 13 Wed (11 -13)

European security during the Cold WarSeminar with students’ presentations:

  1. Proliferation and non proliferation during the Cold War
  2. Arms control during the Cold War
  3. The Cold War and security institutions in Europe

Background reading for the class: Antony Best et al., International History of the Twentieth Century and Beyond , London and New York, Routledge, 2009, 2nd edition [course material] Chapters: 9, 11, 20.

 

March 19 Tue (11 -13)

The End of The Cold War: The Academic Debate Seminar

Reading:

  1. Jeremi Suri, Explaining the End of the Cold War: a New Historical Consensus?, “Journal of Cold War Studies”, 4, Fall 2002, pp. 60-92 on line at [course material]
  2. Michael Cox, "Another Transatlantic Split? American and European Narratives and the End of the Cold War," Cold War History, Vol. 7 No 1, February 2007, p. 121-146. [course material]
  3. Adam Roberts, An 'Incredibly Swift Transition': reflections on the end of the Cold War, in M. Leffler & A. Westad (eds.), The Cambridge History of the Cold War, Vol.III: 2010 [course material]

 

March 20 (11-13)

Guest Lecture Bernardo Venturi (Istituto Affari Internazionali) – The EU and the security-migration-development nexus & Introduction to IAI’s internships

 

March 26 (11-13)

The Post-Cold War Transition - Seminar with Students’ Presentations*

Reading:

  1. John Ikenberry, “The restructuring of the international system after the Cold War”, in M. Leffler & A. Westad (eds.), The Cambridge History of the Cold War, Vol. III: 2010 [course material]
  2. Antony Best et al., International History of the Twentieth Century and Beyond , London and New York, Routledge, 2009, 2nd edition, Chapters 20 and 22 [course material].

* Students' presentations on:

(i) The War in Bosnia and the international reaction

(ii) The transformation of Russia’s foreign policy after the Cold War

(iii) The transformation of US's role after the Cold War

 

Part Three: The Actors and the Challenges

 

March 27 (11 -13)

The European Union: EU's Peculiar Foreign Policy - Seminar with Students' Presentation

Reading:

  1. James Sperling, “European Union” in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 588-617 [course material]
  2. Keukeleire, S. & T. Delreux, The Foreign Policy of the European Union, 2nd edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, Chapters 1 and 2. [course material]

* students' presentations:

(i) Historical evolution of EU’s external relations

(ii) The EU as a special type of power (civilian, normative, soft…) and the concept of “structural foreign policy”.

(iii) non CSDP external relations: the security component.

 

April 2 Tue (11 -13)

The EU: The European Union's Common Security and Defence Policy– Seminar with Students' Presentation

Reading:

Keukeleire, S. & T. Delreux, The Foreign Policy of the European Union, 2nd edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, Chapters 7, 8. [course material]

* students' presentation on:

(i) CSDP

(ii) EU missions

(iii) The EU Global Strategy: the document and the debate

 

April 3 Wen (11 -13)

Seminar: Evaluating EU’s foreign policy

Reading:

Sonia Lucarelli, “The EU in the Post-Liberal Era: An Existential Challenge with Global Roots” in A. Colombo and P. Magri, ISPI Report 2019, available here: https://www.ispionline.it/it/pubblicazione/rapporto-ispi-2019-la-fine-di-un-mondo-la-deriva-dellordine-liberale-22099

Stephan Lehne, “Is there hope for EU foreign policy?” Carnegie Europe paper 5 december 2017, available at: https://carnegieeurope.eu/2017/12/05/is-there-hope-for-eu-foreign-policy-pub-74909

[[*Presentation: The effects of Brexit on the CSDP]]

**Students’ debate: A European Army? Should the EU develop its own unitary and independent army?

 

April 8 Monday (NOTE DIFFERENT DAY!) Room 15 TH

Terrorism and European Security

Guest Speaker, Dr. Silvia D’Amato (European University Institute)

 

April 9 Tue (11 -13) [POSTPONED TO APRIL 17]

EU, Migration and the Collective Securitization of Schengen

Reading:

James Sperling and Mark Webber, “The European Union: security governance and collective securitization”, West European Politics, Special issue on The European Union, Security Governance and Collective Securitisation (Guest editors S. Lucarelli. J. Sperling and M. Webber), 42(2), 2019.

Michela Ceccorulli, “Back to Schengen: the collective securitisation of the EU free-border area”, West European Politics, Special issue on The European Union, Security Governance and Collective Securitisation (Guest editors S. Lucarelli. J. Sperling and M. Webber), 42(2), 2019.

 

April 10 Wed (11 -13) [POSTPONED TO MAY 8, 4-5 PM]

Students’ roundtable: The EU and the Crisis of the Liberal Order

4 students introduce, the class debates.

List of useful links to get a basic information on what the LO is and what are the different opinions with respect to its crisis:

https://www.huffingtonpost.it/francesco-marchiano/il-titanic-dellordine-liberale_a_23482241/

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/10/world/europe/europe-armistice-merkel-macron-peace-war.html

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/30/opinion/liberal-pessimism-poland.html

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/26/business/nato-european-union.html

https://carnegieeurope.eu/strategiceurope/68041

https://www.cato.org/publications/policy-analysis/world-imagined-nostalgia-liberal-order

https://www.economist.com/open-future/2018/08/17/the-dangers-of-illiberal-liberalism

https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2018-08-16/america-s-liberal-global-order-can-be-saved

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/01/the-global-liberal-democratic-order-might-be-down-but-its-not-out/

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/01/five-facts-you-need-to-understand-the-new-global-order/

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/04/is-liberal-democracy-in-retreat/

https://nationalinterest.org/feature/will-the-liberal-order-destroy-itself-23708

gataway: https://www.weforum.org/focus/the-future-of-global-liberal-order

long article: https://www.chathamhouse.org/publication/ia/end-liberal-international-order

long article: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3264016

long article: https://scholar.princeton.edu/sites/default/files/gji3/files/why_the_liberal_world_order_will_survive.pdf

long article: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/2018-06-14/myth-liberal-order

video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AjM6kE0L8oQ

Video Fukuyama: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=scAzukYHJjY

Video keynote speech Ikenberry: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Du4GAby8muA

Video round table EU and liberal order: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VM-bWgff5fg

 

 16 April (11-13)

Guest lecture by Dr Matteo Dian (University of Bologna) Methods and practical tips for academic papers and dissertations

 

APRIL 17

EU, Migration and the Collective Securitization of Schengen

(SEE AT APRIL 9)

 

18-26 April No Class (exams and Easter break)

 

April 30 Tue (11 -13)

NATO: History and Functioning - Seminar With Students' Presentation

Reading:

1. David Yost, “NATO's evolving Purpose and the next geo-strategic Concept,” International Affairs 86:2 (March 2010), pp.489-522 . [course material]

2. Andrew Cottey, “NATO”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 638-655. [course material]

* Students’ presentations on:

(i) historical developments (main steps);

(ii) NATO’S Strategic concepts (with particular attention to the core tasks set in the latest SC)

(iv) NATO’s operations

 

May 7 Tue (11 -13)

NATO: Partnerships, Enlargements and Relations with Russia - Seminar With Students' Presentation

Reading:

same as above plus:

1. Gülnur Aybet, “The Four Stages of NATO's Partnership Frameworks: Rethinking Regional Partnerships with the Middle East and North Africa”, Paper presented at the conference DYNAMIC CHANGE. Rethinking NATO's Capabilities, Operations and Partnerships , University of Bologna, October 26-27, 2012 [available at: http://www.act.nato.int/images/stories/events/2012/acor/dynamic_change.pdf].

2. Hall Gardner, “The Russia annexation of Crimea: regional and global ramifications”, European Politics and Society, Vol. 17 , Iss. 4, 2016

Optional: Ch. 5 in: M. Webber, J. Sperling and M. Smith, NATO’s Trajectory into the 21st Century: Decline or Regeneration? (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2012).[course 2018 material]

* Students presentation on:

(i) NATO’s enlargements

(ii) NATO's partnerships

(ii) NATO-Russia relations since the end of the Cold War

 

May 8 Wed (11 -13)

Guest Lecture Mr. Jakub Kalenshy(Atlantic Council), Kremlin's disinformation: the strategy and tactics, and European reactions

 

May 8 Wen (15-16)

Routable with video presentation: "Nato at 70' followed by a debate on the Crisis of the Liberal Order (see April 10).

 

May14 Tue (11-13)

Other Organizations: The OSCE, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and CSTO - Seminar with Students' Presentations

Reading:

1. Andrew Cottey, “”The other Europe. Regional security governance in Europe's East”, in S. Breslin and S. Croft eds) Comparative Regional Security Governance, Routledge 2012. [course material]

2. David Galbreath and Aynur Seidyusif, “Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 656-670. [course material]

* students' presentations on:

(i) OSCE

(ii) SCO

(iii) CSTO

 

May 15 Wed (11-13)

Guest Lecture Globus - Martina Tazzioli, Borders securitization and the criminalization of solidarity

 

May 21 Tue (11-13)

Guest Lecture Gianpiero Granchielli, The Osce, Minority Protection and Confidence Building Measures: Experiences from the Balkans

 

May 22 Tue (11-13)

Guest Lecture, Dr Nicolò Sartori (Istituto Affari Internazionali) The future of energy: opportunities & challenges.

 

May 28 Tue(11-13)

Transnational Criminality, Counter-Terrorism, Cybersecurity – Students’ Presentations

Reading:

1. Wyn Rees, “Counter-terrorism”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 452-474. [course material]

2. Scott Jasper, “Cyberspace” in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 343-359. [course material]

* students' presentations of each of the areas:

(i)Transnational Criminality, bringing examples of contemporary issues at stake

(ii) Counter-terrorism, bringing examples of contemporary issues at stake

(iii) Cybersecurity, bringing examples of contemporary issues at stake

 

Metodi didattici

lectures, seminars, students' presentations

Modalità di verifica dell'apprendimento

NB: Class attendance in compulsory

Students will be evaluated on the basis of:
- class participation
- mid-term paper
- final oral exam

 

The mid-term paper

- Topic to be distributed two weeks before

- length: max 3.000 words plus bibliography

- the text should be scanned through Turnitin

- deadline: May 2, by email, then bring the printed copy at the first lesson afterwards

 

Rules for presentations:

- 10 minutes each

- power point circulated to the class, inclusive of bibliography

 

Rules for the debates:

 2 groups of 2

- presentation of group A with arguments in favour (5 minutes)

- Q&A with other group (5 minutes)

- presentation by group B with arguments against (5 minutes)

- Q&A with other group (5 minutes)

- Q&A of each with the class (5 + 5 minutes)

- class evaluation of the debate

 

 

 

 

Strumenti a supporto della didattica

power point

Orario di ricevimento

Consulta il sito web di Sonia Lucarelli