PhD in Law, Science and Technology

Academic Year 2018-2019
Subject area Legal, Politological, Economic and Statistical Sciences
Cycle 34°
Coordinator Prof. Giovanni Sartor
Language English
Duration 3 years
Positions 6 positions with scholarship
Application deadline May 14, 2018 at 01:00 PM (Expired)
Final ranking list Final ranking list available on Studenti Online
Enrolment period From Sep 03, 2018 to Sep 12, 2018
Doctoral programme start date Nov 01, 2018
Erasmus Mundus Programme
Main Department
Department of Legal Studies - DSG
Associated Departments
"A. Gaudenzi and G. Fassò" Interdepartmental Centre for Research in the History, Philosophy, and Sociology of Law and in Computer Science and Law - CIRSFID
Associated locations (agreements)
Università di Torino
Associated locations
Istituto di teoria e tecnica dell’Informazione giuridica – CNR - ITTIG
International partner institutions
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Université du Luxembourg
Mykolas Romeris University
University of Barcelona
University of Pittsburgh
Hannover Medical School
University of Renmin
NICTA, Australia
Instituto de Investigacion en Inteligencia Artificial – IIIA
Mobility abroad
Yes (12 months)
Research topics

- Human Rights and Ethical Principles in new and emerging technologies
- Doctor-patient relationships: confidentiality, informed consent, research and experimentation
- Human Assisted Reproductive Technologies
- End-of-life Decision Making: legal and ethical issues
- Ethics and law in Genetics: genetic testing, screening, gene therapy and personalized medicine
- Biotechnology and patent law: stem cells and gene patents
- Biobanks, DNA and research
- E-health and Privacy by Design
- Private-public interactions in health care provision
- Ethical, Legal and Social Issues in genetic counselling
- Semantic Web and Legal ontologies modelling
- Information Retrieval and Database techniques in the Legal Domain
- Legal document modelling and representation including Open Data, XML, and standardization
- Computer Forensics
- Information Systems for eJustice, eGovernment, and eLegislation
- Computational models of legal and ethical reasoning including educational applications
- Intelligent Information extraction and NLP of legal resources
- e-Discovery and data mining in Legal domain
- Formal Models of Norms and Legal Reasoning
- Logic-based models of norms and legal knowledge
- Legal reasoning, including argumentation and reasoning about evidence
- Argumentation and Argumentation systems
- Game theory as applied to the law
- Normative Multi-Agent Systems and e-Institutions
- Regulatory Compliance
- Robot and Intelligent System ethics
- Privacy and Security with New Technology
- Cybercrime and Computer Forensics
- e-Business and Consumer Law
- e-Governance and e-Democracy social modelling
- IPR and New Technology
- Alternative Dispute Resolution and On-line Dispute Resolution
- Cloud computing modelling and regulation
- A Comparative Perspective on ICT Law
- Constitutional crowd sourcing
- Management of Geopolitical Social Crises
- Regulation of Robotics and Related Ethical Issues
- Contracts and ICT
- Protection of children online
- Technology regulation: fundamental issues

Job opportunities and potential areas of employment
The Doctorate offers an innovative and up-to-date integrated programme that empowers candidates to carry out cutting-edge research in different subjects
such as bioethics, law and computer science for topics that require a genuine interdisciplinary approach. It includes a period of internship in the third year,
where the candidate can apply his/her studies and complement his/her research with a professional experience. Upon completion of the programme,
graduates will become highly skilled researchers and professionals, matching the requirements of public and private sectors.
They could be employed, e.g., in:
- law firms working on IPR, privacy, e-commerce, and patenting
- high tech software houses where Artificial Intelligence is applied
- specialised research centres such as medical genetic centres, nanotechnology centres and robotic laboratories
- government offices which manage innovative ICT and eGovernment, eJustice and eParliament projects
- ethic committees which analyse scientific innovations and produce policy documents.
Admission Board

Surname Name Institution Role e-mail
Boella Guido Università   di Torino member
Faro Sebastiano (renounces) CNR   - ITTIG member
Gangemi Aldo Università di Bologna member
Kiskis Mindaugas (renounces) Mykolas   Romeris University member
Sartor Giovanni Università   di Bologna member
Van Der Torre Leon  Université du Luxembourg  member
Ziccardi Giovanni Università   di Milano member
Baldoni Matteo Università   di Torino substitute
Biasiotti Maria Angela (substitutes Faro Sesastiano) CNR   - ITTIG substitute
Bouvry Pascal  Université du Luxembourg  substitute
Caso Roberto Università   di Trento substitute
Faralli Carla Università   di Bologna substitute
Palmirani Monica (substitutes Kiskis Mindaugas) Università   di Bologna substitute
Tadas  Limba Mykolas   Romeris University substitute
Learning outcomes
The objective of the doctorate in “Law, Science and Technology” (LAST-JD) is to create an interdisciplinary integrated programme in order to face the new challenges that the information society and the newly emerging technologies will increasingly pose in the future in the legal domain and the socio-ethical field. Upon completion of the doctorate programme, participants will be able to become: legal professionals in specific ICT domains; expert in privacy for biobanks; IPR experts on software, databases, robotic, genetic innovations, patenting nanotechnology; government officials able to manage eGovernment, eJustice, eParliament projects; researchers in specialised laboratories such as medical genetic or nanotechnology centres, robotic laboratories, and high tech software houses AI; members of ethic committees able to analyse ICT and produce policy; computer forensics and security experts who can advise on privacy and big data topics; legal knowledge engineers.
Activities to be carried out by Doctoral candidates
First Year
The first year is dedicated to providing methodological instruments for undertaking the research work, to harmonize the education backgrounds of the doctoral candidates from different disciplines.
The first year is organized as follows:
- a methodological course on the doctorate instruments for research in order to provide the necessary instruments for undertaking autonomous and robust research (4 ECTS) – Bologna
- overview of the main topics and specific courses for each type of background degree in order to address gaps in knowledge (8 ECTS) – Bologna
- introductory courses on the main topics in order to provide the necessary background (12 ECTS) – Bologna;
- equivalent of 36 ECTS research or preparation of thesis.

Second Year
In the second year the candidate must research their thesis topic in deep:
- Specific advanced courses (12 ECTS).
- Specific advanced courses (12 ECTS).
- The equivalent of 32 ECTS on research or preparation of thesis.
- Personal Career Development Plan (equivalent of 4 ECTS).

Third Year
In the third year the candidate chooses the best destination for an internship period relevant to the thesis domain.
Research (papers) and internship oriented towards the thesis. In this period the candidate must get at least two research articles on the thesis field published in international journals (the equivalent of 24 ECTS).
Personal Career Development Plan (equivalent of 6 ECTS).
Thesis: equivalent of 30 ECTS.
Research training activities compliant with the Doctoral programme's learning outcomes
Bologna University
20 hours of lectures for a methodological course on doctoral research instruments.
40 hours of lectures providing an overview of the main topics, or specific courses for each type of degree background in order to fill gaps in students’ knowledge not provided by previous education.

Torino University
20 hours of lectures
20 hours of a high-level methodological workshop

Mykolas Romeris University
20 hours of lectures on International Legal Framework for E-Business
20 hours of lectures on Legal Framework and Strategic Aspects of E-Democracy
20 hours of lectures on International Legal Framework of Biomedicine and Biotechnology

University of Luxembourg
20 hours of lectures – Deontic Logic
20 hours of lectures – Legal Argumentation
20 hours of lectures – Regulation of the Internet; a trans-national challenge (offered by the Law Faculty)
Internationalization features
LAST-JD is a International Ph.D programme included in the “Eramsus+ program of excellence. It provides double title in “Law, Science and Technology” in three different EU countries: Italy, Luxembourg, Lithuania. University of Luxembourg and University of Bologna signed a co-tutelle agreement in order to provide the double title in “Computer Science Ph.D”. This additional title is reserved for the students with a technical background.
The LAST-JD consortium is composed by 21 partners: 4 from EU countries (Italy, Spain, Lithuania, Luxembourg) and 3 Non-EU countries (Australia, China, USA).
Four mobility terms are required to ensure that all students follow courses in an integrated way and can benefit form the specific expertise available at partners universities, in particular, providing the opportunity to experience research activity in departments of different kinds (law, computer science, bioethics, genetics) and to familiarize themselves with local languages and the different legal systems of the EU. The consortium is composed by four full partners: University of Bologna, University of Turin, Luxembourg University, Mikolas Romery University.
We have 7 associated partners: Bioethics and Law Observatory (OBD) of University of Barcelona, ITTG of CNR Florence, Nexa Turin, Instituto de Investigacion en Inteligencia Artificial Barcelona. They provide expertise in specialist topics and offer internships, seminars and co-supervision of candidates. Extra-European associate partners, as NICTA (Data61-Australia), University of Pittsburgh (USA), University of Renmin, Intellectual Property Academy (China) guarantee the connection with the high technologies centre in an international perspective.
Expected research results and products
By end of first semester:
Literature and archival map presented to, discussed with, and approved by, the Academic Committee
By end of second semester:
Review of archival work completed and draft outline of the dissertation approved by the Academic Committee.
By end of third semester: analytical table of contents presented to , and approved by, the Academic Committee.
By end of fourth semester: completed chapter presented to, and approved by, the Academic Committee.
By end of fifth semester: majority of chapters complete and presented in pre-final draft to Committee.
By middle of sixth semester:
written text entirely completed in pre-final form; then archival checks and polishing of prose, work ready for defence.
At the end the doctoral candidate must achieve two papers published in conference proceedings or journal, and to attend at least two international or national conferences.
Doctoral programme Academic Board
Surname Name University/Institution Qualification
ARTOSI ALBERTO Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
BALDONI MATTEO Università di Torino Professore Associato
BAROGLIO CRISTINA Università di Torino Professore Associato
BOELLA GUIDO Università di Torino Professore Associato
BOUVRY PASCAL Université du   Luxembourg   Professore di Univ.Straniera
CASANOVAS POMPEU La Trobe University Professore di Univ.Straniera
CASO ROBERTO Università di Trento Professore Associato
COLE MARK Luxembourg University Professore di Univ.Straniera
DE LECUONA ITZIAR Universitat de Barcelona Professore di Univ.Straniera
DI CARO LUIGI Università di Torino Ricercatore Universitario
DURANTE MASSIMO Università di Torino Professore Associato
FARALLI CARLA Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
FINOCCHIARO GIUSELLA DOLORES Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
GANGEMI ALDO Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
KISKIS MINDAUGAS Mykolas Romeris   University Professore di Univ.Straniera
LIMBA TADAS Mykolas Romeris Professore di Univ.Straniera
NORIEGA PABLO Consejo Superior de   Investigaciones Científicas Ricercatore Ente
PAGALLO UGO Università di Torino Professore Ordinario
PALMIRANI MONICA Università di Bologna Professore Associato
POBLET MARTA Universitat Autònoma   de Barcelona Professore di Univ.Straniera 
ROVERSI CORRADO Università di Bologna Ricercatore confermato
SARTOR GIOVANNI Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
VAN DER TORRE LEON University of   Luxembourg Professore di Univ.Straniera 
VITALI FABIO Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
ZICCARDI GIOVANNI Università di Milano Professore Associato