PhD in Cultural and Environmental Heritage

Academic Year 2018-2019
Subject area Humanistic Studies
Cycle 34°
Coordinator Prof. Stefano Benazzi
Language English, Italian
Duration 3 years
Positions and scholarships 13 positions with scholarship
Application deadline May 14, 2018 at 01:00 PM (Expired)
Final ranking list Final ranking list available on Studenti Online
Enrollment period From Jul 11, 2018 to Jul 20, 2018
Doctoral programme start date Nov 01, 2018
Operating centre
Ravenna
Main Department
Department of Cultural Heritage - DBC
Associated Departments
Department of Architecture - DA
Department of Chemistry "Giacomo Ciamician" - CHIM
Department of Legal Studies - DSG
Department of Biological, Geological, and Environmental Sciences - BiGeA
Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental, and Materials Engineering - DICAM
Department of Physics and Astronomy - DIFA
Department of Computer Science and Engineering - DISI
Curricula and Research topics

Curriculum 1: Cultural and environmental heritage: memory, protection, rights

 - Cultural heritage: Historic, social, economic, and cultural processes in European, Mediterranean, and Western Asian contexts; public history; conservation of ethno-cultural heritage and management of cultural resources in endangered areas.
- Environment, objects, and rights; diagnostic analysis of monumental and portable artefacts of historical interest; musealisation through digital and virtual modelling; promoting the appreciacion and use of bio-environmental goods as common goods; legal and regulatory consequences.
- Environment and landscape, cities and architecture; tools for the analysis and conservation of the environment, biological and anthropological heritage, archaeology, urban settings, industrial archaeology, consolidation and restoration of historical architecture; the historical relationship between urban areas and their territories, sustainable development of tourism, fruition of historic towns.
- Governance and management of common goods; risk assessment and risk management, efficient use of resources, definition and quantification of ecosystemic  service value, assessment of natural resource consumption and of production of solid, liquid, and gaseouse waste.

Curriculum 2: Science and Technologies for Cultural Heritage

Production techniques, material characterization, state of conservation. Development of: advanced analytical protocols (spectroscopy, immune chemistry, DFT, chemometrics), micro and non-invasive diagnostic methods, intervention methods on humidity phenomena of historical buildings, interaction with pollutants, tomographic systems (digital radiography, X-Ray computer tomography, software for real-time tomography and 3D rendering.
Development of innovative restoration materials and methods. Design, development, testing and performance evaluation of innovative materials (nanomaterials, polymers, biopolymers, composite materials) and methods for the consolidation, cleaning and protection of both movable and immovable cultural heritage.
 Survey, monitoring and representation technologies: definition of protocols and standards for the production of 3D contents aimed at monitoring cultural heritage, methods and protocols for the production of 3D models with semantic structure to be applied to cognitive systems, design of web-based application for the archiving and use of technical-scientific data related to conservation and restoration projects, production contents and design of augmented reality systems, efficient workflows, survey and monitoring multiscale integrated techniques integrated by topographic, photogrammetric, laser scanner and special positioning, UAV survey for data management, acquisition with multispectral sensors and scanners, GIS applications, 3D models (development of new procedures for the collection and optimal elaboration, ICT methodologies and techniques for the creation, analysis and representation (virtual reality and augmented/mixed reality) and multi sensorial interaction by means of digital data.

Job opportunities and potential areas of employment
In addition to preparing young researchers who can successfully gain and maintain a position in the competitive framework of international and national research (both inside and outside academia), Doctors who have completed the present programme will be given higher-level notions that will develop their professional skills in an integrated scheme encompassing cultural and environmental resource management. As far as cultural heritage is concerned, the gradual inclusion of research-based activities in the mission of public and private museums will favour the employment of our Doctors, thanks to the many agreements that have already been established and to the consistent collaboration with MIBACT and MAATM, for which actions at University level will be required. In particular, the Curriculum titled “Science and Technologies for Cultural Heritage» (STECH)” is specifically aimed at qualifying “conservation scientists”, a new professional profile that was recently approved by MIBACT thanks to the efforts of a specific Committee created for this purpose to which many Doctoral Committee members participated. The professional profile emerging from both Curricula of the present programme is fully prepared to meet the requirements of present-day job market in national and international contexts dealing with Heritage Science, a realm that demands an ever growing set of multi-disciplinary skills.
Admission Board

Surname Name Institution Role e-mail
Abbiati Marco (renounces) Università   di Bologna member marco.abbiati@unibo.it
Bitelli Gabriele Università   di Bologna member gabriele.bitelli@unibo.it
Cosentino Salvatore (renounces) Università   di Bologna member salvatore.cosentino@unibo.it
Legnani   Annichini Alessia Università   di Bologna member alessia.legnani@unibo.it
Mazzeo Rocco Università   di Bologna member rocco.mazzeo@unibo.it
Pompilio Angelo Università   di Bologna member angelo.pompilio@unibo.it
Tinti Fausto Università   di Bologna member fausto.tinti@unibo.it
Foglini Federica CNR - ISMAR representative of funding body federica.foglini@bo.ismar.cnr.it
Cipriani Luca Università   di Bologna substitute luca.cipriani@unibo.it
Degni Paola Università   di Bologna substitute paola.degni@unibo.it
Franzellitti Silvia Università   di Bologna substitute silvia.franzellitti@unibo.it
Iannucci Alessandro (substitutes Prof. Cosentino) Università di Bologna substitute alessandro.iannucci@unibo.it
Matera Vincenzo Università di Bologna substitute v.matera@unibo.it
Nobili Claudia Sebastiana Università di Bologna substitute sebastiana.nobili@unibo.it
Prati Silvia Università di Bologna substitute s.prati@unibo.it
Tellarini Greta Università di Bologna substitute greta.tellarini@unibo.it
Vespignani Giorgio (substitutes Prof. Abbiati) Università   di Bologna substitute giorgio.vespignani@unibo.it
Learning outcomes
The substantive goal of the PhD in Cultural and Environmental Heritage is to bridge the many different perspectives involved in the study of cultural and environmental processes under one, cross-disciplinary perspective, favouring a new approach that focuses on transversal research questions rather than on issues limited to an individual discipline.
To date, the study of Cultural and Environmental Heritage has privileged mono-disciplinary perspectives that could achieve excellent levels of speacialisation. Fully integrated, multi-disciplinary approaches entailing a close collaboration between humanities, biological sciences, social sciences, and law – such as the one proposed in the present programme – are still severely underrepresented. This transversal research will be conducted into shared structures and laboratories, and will aim to train Doctors of Philosophy who are highly specialised and yet able to participate to multidisciplinary research teams.
Activities to be carried out by Doctoral candidates
Curriculum Cultural and Environmental Heritage:
- Cultural heritage (ranging from religious background to musical heritage, from collectionism to appreciacion and preservation of historic-artistic, archival, and audio-visual heritage); history and culture of Mediterranean and Western Asian civilizations; public history, with a specific orientation towards general public dissemination; conservation of ehtno-cultural heritage and diversity.
- Environment, objects, and rights; diagnostic analysis of monumental and portable artefact of historical interest; musealisation through digital and virtual modelling; promoting the appreciacion and use of bio-environmental goods as common goods; legal and regulatory consequences
- Environment and landscape, cities and architecture: tools for the analysis and conservation of the environment, biological, anthropological and archaeological heritage, urban settings, industrial archaeology, restoration of historical architecture, the historical relationship between urban areas and their territory, sustainable development of tourism, fruition of historic towns.
Governance and management of common goods; risk assessment and risk management, efficient use of resources, definition and quantification of ecosystemic service value, assessment of natural resource consumption and of the production of solid, liquid, and gaseouse waste.

The Curriculum “Science and Technologies for Cultural Heritage” focuses on technologies related to conservation and restoration of cultural heritage by joining techniques for material characterisation, assessment of the state of conservation, synthesis of new materials, advanced diagnostics, ICT, and documenting/monitoring material cultural heritage. Students will be part of pure/applied experimental research projects in which they will take advantange of collaborations with both public and private international research institutions.
Research training activities compliant with the Doctoral programme's learning outcomes
The programme is expected to provide students with high-level knowledge across a number of specific topics, as well as multidisciplinary skills that will facilitate the development of a novel body of advanced theory and methods for conservation, management, and understanding of common goods from a cultural, environmental, and juridical perspective.
Both curricula will involve:
- First year: Three interdisciplinary seminars attended by all students and focused on topics bridging environmental, cultural, and juridical themes. The courses will be planned by the Doctoral Committee and will be held by world-leading international scholars, staff of the University of Bologna, and renown professionals employed by relevant Institutions and Enterprises. Three additional seminars specifically centered on the chosen research topics that can be attended at other Campuses or Universities, provided approval is granted by the Doctoral Committee.
- Second year: Summer/Winter School (2CFU) aimed at facilitating integration and exchange among doctoral candidates. The courses will be planned by the Doctoral Committee and will be held by world-leading international scholars, staff of the University of Bologna, and renown professionals employed by relevant Institutions and Enterprises. Three additional seminars specifically centered on the chosen research topics that can be attended at other Campuses or Universities, providing approval by the Doctoral Committee.
- Third year: Advanced Summer/Winter School (2CFU) aimed at completing topics introduced in Year 2. A course (1 CFU) focused on national and international funding schemes, international mobility schemes, project writing and general research skills.
Annual monitoring of the progress of each doctoral candidate is also envisaged through posters (first year) and presentations (second and third year) to be held at the end of each year at the presence of tutors, the Doctoral Committee, and prominent academics and professionals.
Internationalization features
The PhD programme presents with a marked international vocation expressed through:
- The advertisement of courses and activities in international websites, to facilitate applications from international students;
- Teaching and lectures held by world-leading international experts whose participation is funded or co-funded by the Univeristy of Bologna (e.g. invited international scholars already approved by the Institute of Advanced Studies)
- Drawing on the international network of Committee members and their institutions to offer stages and internships in international and overseas research centres. The official PhD website will provide links to the helpdesk of the Ravenna Campus International Office. Through this link international students can receive support upon arrival (welcome week, buddy system, language courses, etc), and ask questions related to visa, residence permit, and medical assistance.
- The presence of a Curriculum in English (“Science and Technologies for Cultural Heritage”) aimed at studying technological innovations related to conservation and restoration of Cultural Heritage. Based on previous experience, it is expected that this particular Curriculum will generate a positive feedback on the general level of internationalisation.
Doctoral courses that preceded the present proposal were already characterised by a considerable degree of interaction with international partners and scholars.
The new PhD involves the participation of foreign Universities and Institutions to co-founding schemes for Scholarships. In particular, preliminary agreements with the University of Copenhagen, McQuarry University (Sidney), and the Royal Netherlands Institute for See Research (NIOZ) have already been signed, and are currently undergoing evaluation by the competent University officers. These agreements will be formalised once the Committee is formally set in place.
Expected research results and products
The PhD programme is aimed at providing researchers and qualified experts/professionals with the cross-disciplinary training necessary to conjugate complementary sources of knowledge and to develop an advanced body of method and theory for conservation, protection, and management of our heritage. This result will entail at the same time cultural, environmental, and legal perspectives, and will benefit from an adequate historical contextualisation, as well as from the acquisition of effective skills for valorization and dissemination to the broad public. Doctors of Philosophy are expected to:
- handle complex problem-solving tasks within both public institutions and private enterprises or corporations
- propose new management and fruition strategies at different operational scales. During the three-year PhD programme, the candidate is also expected to publish papers, monograph, and present results at national and international conferences.
Doctoral programme Academic Board
Surname Name

University/Institution

Qualification
ABBIATI MARCO Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
ANTONELLINI MARCO Università di Bologna Professore Associato
BENAZZI STEFANO Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
BITELLI GABRIELE Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
CANETTI LUIGI Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
CARLONI CHRISTIAN Università di Bologna Professore Associato
CIPRIANI LUCA Università di Bologna Professore Associato
CONTIN ANDREA Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
COSENTINO SALVATORE Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
CURI FRANCESCA Università di Bologna Professore Associato
DEGNI PAOLA Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
FABBRI LAURA Università di Bologna Ricercatore confermato
FARISELLI ANNA CHIARA Università di Bologna Professore Associato
FRANZELLITTI SILVIA Università di Bologna Ricercatore a tempo determinato
GHELFI BARBARA Università di Bologna Professore Associato
LEGNANI   ANNICHINI ALESSIA Università di Bologna Professore Associato
MAZZEO ROCCO Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
MIRRI SILVIA Università di Bologna Ricercatore confermato
PANAINO ANTONIO CLEMENTE   DOMENICO Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
PELLIZZER FRANCO Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
POMPILIO ANGELO Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
PRATI SILVIA Università di Bologna Professore Associato
TELLARINI GRETA Università di Bologna Professore Associato 
TINTI FAUSTO Università di Bologna Professore Associato