PhD in Chemistry

Academic Year 2018-2019
Subject area Mathematical Physical, Chemical and Astronomical Sciences
Cycle 34
Coordinator Prof. Aldo Roda (form 22/03/2019 Prof.ssa Domenica Tonelli)
Language English
Duration 3 years
Positions 25 positions, of which 24 with scholarship and 1 with research grant
Application deadline May 14, 2018 at 01:00 PM (Expired)
Final ranking list Final ranking list available on Studenti Online
Enrollment period From Aug 24, 2018 to Sep 03, 2018
Doctoral programme start date Nov 01, 2018
Operating centre
BOLOGNA
Main Department
Department of Chemistry "Giacomo Ciamician" - CHIM
Department of Industrial Chemistry "Toso Montanari" - CHIMIND
Mobility abroad
Yes (6 months)
Curricula and Research topics

Curriculum 1: Chemical Sciences:
The research topics of the curriculum Chemical Sciences include all areas of chemistry, from computational chemistry (e.g., modelling of molecular materials, computational photochemistry and photophysics, spectroscopy), to physical chemistry (e.g., study of solid state and liquid crystals), electrochemistry (e.g., electrochemistry of molecular materials and for energy, electrochemical analysis techniques), photochemistry (e.g., systems for energy conversion, photoreactive materials, sensors and luminescent tracers), study of polymers (e.g., production of polymeric materials for biomedical applications), analytical sciences (e.g., analytical methods based on advanced separative techniques, bioanalytical, environmental and cultural heritage chemistry, biosensors), organic chemistry (e.g., chemistry of radicals and host-guest systems, organic synthesis, synthesis by enzymatic catalysis, development of materials and methods for "Green Chemistry"), structural and solid state chemistry (e.g., "Crystal Engineering", development of materials for biomedical applications, synthesis and characterization of nanostructured materials), and molecular spectroscopy (e.g., Raman, electron and rotational spectroscopy). For many topics, the research has important multidisciplinary implications, in particular as concerned nanotechnological and biomedical applications.

Curriculum 2: Industrial Chemistry
The research topics of the curriculum Industrial Chemistry relate to the areas of industrial chemistry, chemistry of materials (e.g., polymers and ceramics) and processes, analytical and environmental chemistry. The research activities include the development of new, more environment-friendly industrial processes (by operating on a laboratory scale or in pilot plants), the innovation or improvement of the industrial production of chemical substances by introducing "sustainable" processes ("Green Chemistry"), the study of methods for the reduction of pollutants and for the production of fuels, the synthesis of polymeric materials of industrial applications and for the conversion of energy, the development of new catalytic materials (e.g., organometallic compounds or metal complexes) and their evaluation in industrial applications in order to their determine characteristics, reactivity, and role, and the study of use of renewable sources (e.g., biomass) for the production of chemicals, fuels or energy, the application of advanced analytical techniques for the characterization of materials for energy storage and production and for the development of sensors, the electrochemical synthesis of catalysts of industrial interest.

Curriculum 3: SINCHEM (Sustainable Industrial Chemistry):
The research topics of the curriculum SINCHEM are in the field of sustainable chemistry with full attention to the interface with the industrial chemistry competitiveness and Europe’s environment and sustainable development. The research is focused on following mains sectors, which are both key aspects of the principles for sustainable/green chemistry and critical elements for the innovation in the sustainable chemical industry.
- Development of innovative catalysts and catalytic processes. Catalysts are the core element to improve the performances (in terms of reduced used of raw materials and energy, lower production of waste) or enable new process options with lower impact on the environment or risk. 
- Novel green solvents. The development of novel green solvents and their use in chemical syntheses (including catalytic ones) is a key factor for sustainability of chemical industry.
- Renewable energy and raw materials. In order to reduce the depletion of natural resources, it is necessary that chemical industry progressively implements new routes using renewable raw materials and energy.
- Microreactors and membranes. Key concepts for future manufacturing are modularity which offers flexibility, but reduces economy-of-scale effects. The twinning of microreactor, novel catalysts and membrane is an enabling factor to meet this challenge.

Job opportunities and potential areas of employment
The most important professional opportunities for a PhD in Chemistry are the inclusion in public (Universities, research institutions) or private (laboratories, industries, spin-offs, etc.) facilities. The training of PhD students carried out in contact with colleagues with diverse experience will guarantee a working environment similar to that of employee positions. In addition, PhD students may carry out part of their research activities in the context of employment, working in public and private entities, in academic spin-offs or even through dedicated Industrial PhD positions. Students can also participate to collaborations with other Italian and foreign research institutions in the frame of research projects funded at national and European level. The path of integration into the world of work can begin with a period of post-doctoral training and lead to a position of responsibility in preparation and conduction of projects or in management of research groups. The favorable reception of PhDs in Chemistry by research institutions and industries is also evidenced by the significant funding for scholarships obtained from these institutions in the last years.
Admission Board

Surname Name Instition Role e-mail
Albonetti Stefania (renounces) Università   di Bologna member stefania.albonetti@unibo.it
Bernardi Luca Università   di Bologna member luca.bernardi2@unibo.it
Ceroni Paola (renounces) Università   di Bologna member paola.ceroni@unibo.it
Guardigli Massimo Università   di Bologna member massimo.guardigli@unibo.it
Maini Lucia (renounces) Università   di Bologna member l.maini@unibo.it
Marcaccio Massimo Università   di Bologna member massimo.marcaccio@unibo.it
Venuti Elisabetta Università   di Bologna member elisabetta.venuti@unibo.it
Amorati Riccardo Università   di Bologna substitute riccardo.amorati@unibo.it
Berardi Roberto Università   di Bologna substitute roberto.berardi@unibo.it
Bergamini Giacomo  (substitutes Prof.ssa Ceroni) Università   di Bologna substitute giacomo.bergamini@unibo.it
Fornasari Giuseppe (substitutes Prof.ssa Albonetti) Università   di Bologna substitute giuseppe.fornasari@unibo.it
Melandri Sonia Università   di Bologna substitute sonia.melandri@unibo.it
Monari Magda (substitutes Prof.ssa Maini) Università   di Bologna substitute magda.monari@unibo.it
Tonelli Domenica Università   di Bologna substitute domenica.tonelli@unibo.it
Learning outcomes
The PhD programme in Chemistry aims to train highly qualified PhDs able to organize and manage research activities in Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry, as well as and any research field in which chemistry has a prominent role. Particular attention will be devoted to the multidisciplinary aspects of the research and to its integration with related disciplines (e.g., Physics, Biochemistry, Engineering), in order to stimulate creative thinking and originality. The training objectives of the PhD programme also include the attainment of skills relating to the organization and management of the research, the presentation and discussion of the results, the writing of reports and scientific publications, the study of issues related to intellectual property and technology transfer . The PhD programme is divided into three curricula that share the general training objectives listed above but differ for the final purposes of the research activities.
Activities to be carried out by Doctoral candidates
The main activity of the PhD student in Chemistry is the research activity, conducted in University laboratories or in Research Institutions in agreement with the University of Bologna, and consisting of laboratory activity with access to instrumentations of various levels of complexity. The experimental research activities involve the use of advanced scientific instrumentation, including large equipments centrally managed by the Departments and may require access to instruments operated by national and international agencies (e.g., synchrotron, high-performance computing processors, etc.). In parallel to the experimental research activities, the PhD students will also undertake documentation and bibliographic searches using the material available in the libraries of the Departments or accessed online through the computer facilities and/or the University Library System. The training activities take place at different levels and are organized according to content (basic courses and advanced courses on a multiple choice basis, courses chosen between those offered in University degree courses or second-level University masters). In addition, PhD students are required to attend at seminars and workshops, as well as to national and international schools and conferences.
Research training activities compliant with the Doctoral programme's learning outcomes
The research training activities of the PhD students are organized at different levels according to their content. The PhD training includes both basic teachings (to which all students are expected to attend) and a series of courses on a multiple choice basis, dealing with specific topics related to various research fields. All courses have a final evaluation, and in the three-year PhD period each student must acquire at least 9 CFU attending the courses offered in the doctoral program. In addition, a minimum of 4 CFU must be acquired by attending courses chosen between those offered in University degree courses or second-level University masters. PhD students are expected to participate to seminars and workshops, as well as to other activities "self-managed" by the students (e.g., workshops for the presentation of the research activities, journal clubs, etc.). Finally, the PhD students must attend to at least one school and at national and international conferences.
Internationalization features
The PhD in Chemistry provides the internationalization of the curriculum operating at different levels. Each student is required to carry out research abroad for a period of at least 6 months. Participation to international schools and conferences is also mandatory, as well as attendance at seminars organized by the Departments proposing the PhD programme and often held by researchers from research institutions and universities abroad. Students can also join international research projects and scientific initiatives involving the research groups in which they are working. The PhD program is advertised to attract foreign students and allows developing PhD thesis in cosupervision with foreign research institutions. There are currently around 10 foreign students enrolled in the PhD programme, most of them are financially supported by international mobility programs (e.g., Erasmus Mundus Action 1, Marie Curie or China Scholarship Council). It should be also highlighted that the PhD curriculum SINCHEM (Sustainable Industrial Chemistry) is part of an international Erasmus Mundus PhD programme involving Italian, French, German, and British Universities as well as important chemical industry and energy companies (Dow, ENI, BaSF, etc.). PhD students enrolled in the curriculum SINCHEM (as well as some students enrolled in the other curricula) are in cosupervision with foreign Universities. This will allow easier access of doctoral students to research projects involving partner universities and industries.
Expected research results and products
The products and the expected results of the research activity of PhD students are those recognized by the international scientific community. In particular, at least two products related to participation in national and international conferences or schools (e.g., posters, oral presentations, publication of reports, etc.) are expected during the three-year PhD period for each student. The achievement of this goal will be assessed during the periodical evaluations of the PhD students’ activity. It is also expected that during the PhD period, and in any case within one year after the conclusion of the doctorate, each student has produced - as author or co-author - at least two publications (or possibly patents) related to the research activity.
Doctoral programme Academic Board
Surname Name University/Institution Qualification
ALBONETTI STEFANIA Università di Bologna Professore Associato
BERNARDI LUCA Università di Bologna Professore Associato
BIGI ADRIANA Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
CERONI PAOLA Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
COZZI PIER GIORGIO Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
GUARDIGLI MASSIMO Università di Bologna Professore Associato 
LUCARINI MARCO Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
MAINI LUCIA Università di Bologna Professore Associato
MARCACCIO MASSIMO Università di Bologna Professore Associato
MAZZANTI ANDREA Università di Bologna Professore Associato 
MONARI MAGDA Università di Bologna Professore Associato 
NEGRI FABRIZIA Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
PASSARINI FABRIZIO Università di Bologna Professore Associato
RODA ALDO Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
TAGLIAVINI EMILIO Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
TONELLI DOMENICA Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario
VENUTI ELISABETTA Università di Bologna Professore Associato
ZACCHINI STEFANO Università di Bologna Professore Ordinario