73449 - Drawing T (A-K) (A-K)

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Quality education

Academic Year 2022/2023

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course the student will master the methods and techniques of representation, essential to the exploration of different graphic and visual outputs. Through the survey of existing artifacts (seen as a process of understanding and description of the object also with regard to its functioning and the interrelationships between formal configuration and production mode) the student develops the appropriate skills of prefiguration and unambiguous identification of new shapes, preparatory to the design of the product and the design of its image, for the purpose of dissemination and communication.

Course contents

The course is compulsory attendance; it is divided into two modules that proceed hand in hand. Module 1 aims to develop knowledge of technical drawing for design project communication; Module 2 aims to resume and deepen the knowledge of how to correctly geometrically represent shapes through descriptive geometry.

TOPICS of Module 1

1) Drawing for the designer
2) Exercises for manual dexterity (gesture and sign)
3) The tools for drawing: technical drawings
4) The basics of projective systems and orthogonal projections in technical drawing and relief (eidotipo)
5) Designing a graphic paper: arrangement of contents in the table, standards and conventions
6) Standards and conventions (insights and special cases)
7) Rendering techniques

TOPICS of Module 2

1) Orthogonal projections (representation of fundamental geometric entities, parallelism, orthogonality, membership, straight line of maximum slope, tilts).
2) axonometry (types, scale and axonometric units).
3)perspective (representation of fundamental geometric entities)

TRAINING ACTIVITIES/LABORATIONS part of the training activity:

In addition to face-to-face teaching, the student will be required to perform exercises in the classroom and at home, the purpose of which is to develop graphic and managerial skills of the required papers. Lectures in Module 1 and related exercises will be held for the most part in the designated classroom (large drawing tables), lectures in Module 2 (Descriptive Geometry) will be held through face-to-face teaching in the conventional classroom. The drawing results for the examination of that second module (A3 drawings) will have to be worked on at home or during remaining laboratory hours.


Required readings for exam preparation:

Mario Docci, Diego Maestri, Marco Gaiani (2017). Scienza del disegno. UTET Università

Riccardo Migliari (2003). Geometria dei Modelli - Rappresentazione grafica e informatica per l’architettura e per il design. Edizioni Kappa.

Recommended Readings:

In addition to these, specific in-depth readings will be given in class from time to time.

Fundamental to taking the exam is scrupulous study of the handouts that will be uploaded on the Virtual platform https://virtuale.unibo.it/

In order to access these contents, it is necessary to register for the course in question.

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

Teaching methods

The method adopted for the development of students' skills is based on the combination of frontal lectures/classroom drawing workshop. Students will be guided in the process of learning the graphic and normative codes of representation and surveying of design products - technical aspect -, and then develop a personal character in the quick sketch aimed at defining the design and rendering - expressive aspect -.

To develop these skills, it is necessary for each student to always bring to class and to the final exam:

- an A4 ring-bound and hardcover album (strictly white sheets without lines or squares) to redraw what was projected and/or drawn on the blackboard and to make the eidotypes of the object chosen for the final exercise.

- a packet of A3 sheets (strictly white sheets without squaring, smooth finish) with the descriptive geometry exercises

- the A1-format plates describing the chosen object. Changes in format may be allowed only if adequately justified by the case study being considered by the student.

Assessment methods

The student's degree of learning is assessed on the basis of 3 criteria:

1) Ability to interpret and understand formally and conceptually the chosen object (function, use, symbolic and expressive status of the object)
2) Mastery of the technical codes of representation: correct use of graphic and normative tools that allow the transmission of the technical contents of the project (measurements, parts, movable elements, elements in view and section, etc.).
3) Ability to render the apparent characters of the object.

The evaluation of the student's preparation is also based on the periodic activity of reviewing the elaborates, which during the year must be carried out continuously, taken seriously, and above all must show how, over time, a progression of drawing skills has taken place. Elaborates executed extemporaneously, lacking consistency with the graphic codes and regulations explained in class will not be able to be revised productively for the real enhancement of the student's skills. In addition to constant attendance at the revisions, the student will be expected to make assignments during the course: for both Module 1 and Module 2. Punctuality of deadlines is considered in the evaluation. The descriptive geometry module requires the delivery of the tables explained in class every two weeks and has a weight on the final exam mark. The deliveries of the large-format tables will be communicated according to the overall course progress and will have a high weight in the final exam mark. Each student will have to choose an object to redraw on the large-format boards: complex objects will correspond to drawings that are more difficult to execute, which will generally correspond to a higher final mark; conversely, objects with a more basic form will correspond to poor graphic designs and thus lower marks. The degree of complexity of the object is therefore a determining factor in the exam mark because the amount of technical and normative notions and knowledge that the student will have to deal with depends on it. The objects chosen should be design products that feature movable and removable parts and elements, as well as a variety of materials (metallic, transparent, etc.). Objects presenting complex surfaces (double curvature), drawn through 3D modeling tools are discouraged as they are difficult to rework and return. The deliverables are to be done on blank boards in A1 format and are in the following:

Table 1: Description of the object (to be defined and reviewed with the professors of the photography and modeling module).

Table 2: Dimensioned elevations and sections of the object as it appears (assembled and broken down into its various constituent parts)

Table 3: Dimensioned elevations and sections of the individual elements that make up the chosen product.

Table 4: Axonometric exploded view

Table 5: Axonometry

Table 6: Perspective with rendering of materials (rendering)

Tables, to be done both in the classroom and outside of course time, are to be reviewed periodically

Exercises are individual

Teaching tools

Official communications and teaching materials will be sent and made available through the platform https://virtuale.unibo.it/

Each student is required to access the teaching "Disegno T (A-k, L-Z)" through his or her official credentials to interact with the lecturer and to download (images, drawings, photographs) that may help learning or necessary to carry out the exercises.

Office hours

See the website of Filippo Fantini

See the website of Alessandro Marata