Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2021/2022

Course contents

At the end of the course "Problem-oriented approach: emergencies in animal reproduction" the student acquires the ability to manage an emergency in reproduction. In this course the active learning of the student is promoted, with a group work and individual work. Will be analyzed and exposed clinical cases as a model of the main emergencies in reproduction, in the male and female (Including pregnancy) of dog, cat, equine, bovine and small ruminants. For each species, neonatal emergencies will also be considered.

At the conclusion of the course, it is believed that the student must have developed the following skills:

• acquire the correct procedure for diagnosis of clinical problems and define the patient’s priorities in course of obstetrician-gynecological and andrological emergency;

• acquire the basic notions necessary for the treatment of the main emergencies in the reproductive field;

• know how to find, analyze, and discriminate information useful for the case-resolution in the different sources of scientific literature.

The course is divided into three parts: pet animals (teacher tutor Daniele Zambelli), equine (teacher tutor Carolina Castagnetti), bovine and small ruminants (teacher tutor Jole Mariella). Each part will be presented (clinical data of the subject, exams performed, micro and macroscopic photos, etc.) and discussed one or more clinical cases. At the end of the course, students will have to prepare a PowerPoint presentation, accompanied by adequate literature, on a chosen clinical case, among those managed during the course, to be presented for the final evaluation.


Every student, on teacher indications, will have to carry out an accurate bibliographic research related the case presented. The main sources to consult are scientific articles and reviews in Peer reviewed journals, specialist textbooks, original material provided by the teachers.

Teaching methods

The course is developed with an innovative teaching, mainly with an interactive part. The students work in small groups to be able to discuss the chosen approach, in the proposed clinical case, with the Tutor teacher. Each student with a process of self-learning will be able to collect useful information consulting the published specialist scientific literature.

Assessment methods

Final examination of the students will be based on their participation during group work and classroom discussions with the tutor, as well as on their preparation and presentation (PowerPoint) of a clinical case, treated during the course.

Teaching tools

Textbooks in electronic format, Veterinary Teaching & Learning Portal, teacher lessons in Power Point format

Office hours

See the website of Daniele Zambelli

See the website of Carolina Castagnetti

See the website of Jole Mariella